Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 1, January/February

ABM Treaty Withdrawal: Neither Necessary nor Prudent
On December 13, as President George W. Bush announced that the United States would -Dull out of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, the Arms Control Association held a press conference to discuss the ramifications of the U.S. withdrawal. The speakers...
BMDO Renamed 'Missile Defense' Agency
THE PENTAGON ANNOUNCED January 4 that the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), which oversees U.S. missile defense programs, will now be known as the Missile Defense Agency (MDA). More than a name change, the move also represents the increased...
Bush Announces U.S. Intent to Withdraw from ABM Treaty
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS CLAIMING THAT THE Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty prevents the United States from protecting itself against terrorist and rogue-state missile attacks, President George W. Bush announced December 13 that the United States would...
Bush Urged to Redirect Landmine Policy Review
Concerned that the Pentagon plans to oppose U.S. accession to a treaty banning anti-personnel landmines (APLs), 124 members of Congress sent a bipartisan letter to President George W. Bush on December 19 urging him to redirect an ongoing U.S. landmine...
BWC Conference Suspended after Controversial End
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) was suspended on its last day, December 7, after the United States caused an uproar by proposing the termination of the existing diplomatic process to strengthen...
Can China's Tolerance Last?
While the Chinese response to the ABM Treaty decision was muted, many potential difficulties remain in maintaining strategic nuclear stability between the United States and China. Many observers seemed surprised by China's muted reaction to the Bush...
CCW Review Conference Adopts New Measure
MEETING DECEMBER 11-21 in Geneva, states-parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) extended the accord's provisions controlling and banning weapons deemed excessively injurious or indiscriminate to cover not only international conflicts...
Debt for Nonproliferation: The Next Step in Threat Reduction
Debt-for-nonproliferation swaps are potentially powerful tools that could leverage current financial conditions to reduce the security threat from Russia's weapons infrastructure. Debt restructuring and reduction, whereby the terms of a loan are changed...
December Missile Defense Tests Yield One Success, One Failure
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE PENTAGON CONDUCTED two missile defense tests in December, including a successful intercept attempt by the groundbased midcourse system and a failed test of the system's prototype booster, which ended abruptly when the rocket...
IAEA Physical Protection Meeting Stalls
DESPITE HEIGHTENED CONCERN since September 11 over the possibility of a terrorist attack on any of the world's nuclear installations, a four-day International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) meeting in Vienna to expand an international treaty on protecting...
Nearly $500 Million Cut from Bush Missile Defense Request
CONGRESS TRIMMED ROUGHLY $500 million from President George W. Bush's nearly $8.3 billion request for U.S. missile defense efforts in the fiscal year 2002 defense appropriations act, which it passed overwhelmingly December 20. Bush signed the bill January...
New Strategic Experiment
FOCUS After a year of preparation, President George W. Bush announced his intention to withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, and the Pentagon delivered to Congress its revised nuclear posture review. With these actions, the Bush administration...
Nuclear Posture Review Released, Stresses Flexible Force Planning
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS A BUSH ADMINISTRATION review of nuclear weapons policy wrapped up in early January, emphasizing flexibility in the U.S. force posture but providing few details on the implementation of planned reductions in the deployed U.S. strategic...
Open Skies Treaty Enters into Force
ON JANUARY 1, the Open Skies Treaty entered into force, paving the way for its 26 state-parties to officially begin unarmed reconnaissance flights over each others' territories later this year. For any given year, the number of flights that a country...
Paul C. Warnke, Arms Control Negotiatior, Dies at 81
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS PAUL C. WARNKE, a leading advocate of arms control and a longtime director of the Arms Control Association, died of a pulmonary embolism October 31 at his home in Washington, D.C. He was 81. Spurgeon M. Keeny, Jr., former ACA president,...
Pentagon Cancels Sea-Based Missile Defense Program
CITING POOR PERFORMANCE, projected cost overruns, and schedule delays, on December 14 the Pentagon cancelled a sea-based missile defense system designed to protect against short- and medium-range ballistic missiles during their final stage of flight,...
Report Says U.S. Studying New Nuclear Capabilities
A REPORT TO Congress on destroying hard and deeply buried targets (HDBTs) that was made public in late December does not explicitly call for new nuclear weapons development, as some analysts had expected, but clearly indicates that the Defense and Energy...
Russia's Strategic Priorities
The Russian government has bet it will not lose as much from a world without the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty as it will gain from a United States willing to cooperate. President George W. Bush announced in December that the United States planned to...
Security Council Moves Closer to Adopting Iraqi 'Smart Sanctions'
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE UN SECURITY Council took a step closer to implementing a "smart sanctions" regime in Iraq on November 29 by unanimously agreeing to adopt a once-contentious Goods Review List, which aims to streamline the process of selling...
Threat Reduction Boosted by Policy Review, Spending Bills
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS PROGRAMS TO SECURE Russia's vulnerable nuclear materials and expertise received a positive report card from a White House review unveiled December 27, and President George W. Bush signed spending bills in late December and early...
U.S. Approves Arms Exports for India
During a December 34 visit to New Delhi by Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Douglas Feith, the United States and India announced that Washington had recently authorized licenses to export U.S. weapons to New Delhi and that other Indian defense requests...
U.S., China Continue Missile Proliferation Talks
In the highest-level nonproliferation talks since the Bush administration took office, the United States and China met November 29-30 in Washington to discuss Beijing's implementation of a November 2000 missile nonproliferation pledge. A State Department...
U.S. Reinstates Funds for Russian Chemical Demilitarization
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS ON DECEMBER 28, President George W. Bush signed a major defense spending bill that reinstates U.S. funding for the design and construction of a chemical weapons destruction facility in Shchuch'ye, Russia. The bill's signing comes...
U.S., Russia Complete START I Reductions
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE UNITED STATES and Russia completed nuclear weapons reductions required by the first Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I) on December 5, seven years after the accord entered into force. Under the treaty, the two countries...
U.S., Russia to Discuss Strategic Reductions
In Moscow on December 10, Secretary of State Colin Powell said that the United States and Russia would seek to "formalize" an agreement to lower strategic nuclear weapons levels. At a briefing in Brussels a week later, Russian Defense Minister Sergei...
U.S. Urges 3 NATO Countries to Buy U.S. Fighters
The U.S. government expressed disappointment with the Czech Republic and Hungary for their December moves toward acquiring non-American-made fighter jets. The rare public criticism of U.S. NATO allies comes as Poland also considers purchasing new fighter...
U.S. Withdrawal from the ABM Treaty
DOCUMENT On December 13, President George W. Bush announced that the United States would withdraw from the Anti-- Ballistic Missile Treaty in six months. Although the United States and the Soviet Union agreed in 1972 that the treaty should be of "unlimited...
Wassenaar Members Amend Founding Documents
AT THE ANNUAL year-end plenary of the Wassenaar Arrangement, held December 6-7 in Vienna, 33 of the world's leading weapons exporters amended the arrangement's founding document by adding a new section declaring that Wassenaar members would continue...
Withdrawal Is Premature
It is far too early to make a deployment decision-and that is the only point at which the United States would need either to withdraw from the treaty or to modify it. The development of a limited national missile defense to protect the U.S. homeland...