Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 1, January/February

ABM Lawsuit Dismissed
A federal judge dismissed a lawsuit December 30 by 32 members of the House of Representatives charging that President George W. Bush could not unilaterally withdraw the United States from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty. It is unclear if...
An Extra Year for Russian Withdrawal from Moldova
ACKNOWLEDGING THAT RUSSIA would not meet its end-of2002 deadline to withdraw all of its military equipment and troops from Moldova, the 55-member Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) took note December 8 of a Russian pledge to finish...
A Strategy for Defusing the North Korean Nuclear Crisis
The recent revelation that North Korea has a uranium-enrichment program has triggered a mounting crisis. It has forced the Bush administration to seriously consider its policy on the Korean Peninsula at the worst possible momentas it is gearing up for...
Beyond the 'Axis of Evil'
In response to the rapidly worsening crisis surrounding North Korea's nuclear weapons program, the George W. Bush administration has quietly reversed itself and agreed to restart direct talks with Pyongyang-and none too soon. Recently, North Korea has...
Bush Administration Releases Strategy on WMD Threats
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS ON DECEMBER 11, the Bush administration released a three-prong strategy for tackling threats posed by biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. Divided into sections on counterproliferation, nonproliferation, and consequence management,...
Bush Signs 2003 Defense Authorization Act
ON DECEMBER 2, President George W. Bush signed the fiscal year 2003 Defense Authorization Act, which grants him temporary authority to waive congressionally mandated requirements on Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) programs and requires the Pentagon...
Bush to Deploy 'Modest' Missile Defense in 2004
LESS THAN A week after its latest missile defense test failed, the Bush administration announced December 17 that it will deploy a limited missile defense system comprising a small number of ground- and sea-based missile interceptors to be ready for...
BWC Won't Harm Export Controls, GAO Says
A September report by the General Accounting Office (GAO) concluded that a draft protocol designed to strengthen the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) would not have weakened export controls, disputing one of the chief reasons U.S. officials cited...
Chemical Weapons Destruction Begins at Gorny
NEWS BRIEFS Russia's first chemical weapons destruction facility began operations December 19 at Gorny in the Saratov region. The facility destroyed 840 kilograms of mustard gas on its first day, said Alexander Kharichev, advisor for the Russian state...
Code of Conduct Aims to Stop Ballistic Missile Proliferation
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS A NEW ARRANGEMENT to prevent the spread of ballistic missiles was launched in The Hague November 25-26 when 93 countries, including the United States, signed the International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation...
Confusing Ends and Means: The Doctrine of Coercive Pre-Emption
In a speech at West Point last June, in a more formal statement of national security strategy submitted to Congress in September, and in a White House document published in December, President George W. Bush has proclaimed what appears to be a new security...
Countries Agree to Negotiate on Explosive Remnants of War
STATES-PARTIES TO THE Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) agreed December 13 to negotiations on addressing the dangers posed by unexploded munitions on the battlefield and to continue discussing possible limits on anti-vehicle mines. Opened...
How U.S. Strategic Policy Is Changing China's Nuclear Plans
Changes in the global security environment could significantly alter the scope and direction of China's nuclear efforts, and developments in 2002 caught the attention of Chinese experts. The extent to which U.S. policy influences China's strategic decisionmaking,...
IAEA to Visit Two 'Secret' Nuclear Sites in Iran
THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC Energy Agency (IAEA) has postponed its first visit to two Iranian nuclear sites until February after Tehran asked it to delay a previously scheduled December visit. According to a nongovernmental report released December 12,...
India Establishes Formal Nuclear Command Structure
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS FOR THE FIRST time since declaring itself a nuclear-weapon state in 1998, India publicly announced a formal nuclear command structure under civilian control January 4. It had previously been assumed that India's nuclear arsenal...
Inspectors Try to Fill Gaps in Iraqi Declaration
AFTER SIX WEEKS of work in Iraq, UN inspectors announced January 9 that they had yet to find a "smoking gun" indicating that Baghdad still has prohibited weapons programs, but they maintain that there are significant gaps in Iraq's weapons declaration...
Latest Ground-Based Missile Defense Test Fails
BREAKING A STRING of four straight successes, the Pentagon's ground-based midcourse missile defense (GMD) system failed to intercept its target December 11 when the missile interceptor malfunctioned shortly after its launch. The system's record now totals...
National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction
Amid escalating tensions with Iraq and North Korea over their weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs, President George W. Bush released on December 11 his administration's plans for protecting against and responding to the proliferation of biological,...
N. Korea Quits NPT, Says It Will Restart Nuclear Facilities
IN A PROVOCATIVE decision, North Korea announced December 12 that it was restarting nuclear facilities that had been frozen since 1994, and it ordered international monitors to leave the country. As international concern grew that Pyongyang was resuming...
Oil-for-Food Extended, Goods Review List Revised
ON DECEMBER 30, the UN Security Council voted 13-0 to expand the list of items that a UN committee can prevent Iraq from importing. The changes, which were proposed by the United States and are contained in Resolution 1454, are intended to further limit...
OPCW Annual Report Cites Progress, Problems
BY THE END of 2001, India and the United States had destroyed 20 percent of their most dangerous chemical weapons, according to an annual report the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) released in October. The OPCW, which oversees...
PAC-3 Production to Pick Up
WITH THE PROSPECT of another war with Iraq looming, a top Pentagon official approved a decision December 2 to accelerate acquisition of Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) missiles. As a result, the Army is projected to receive a total of 238 PAC-3...
Poland Opts for F-16s
Poland announced December 27 that it would buy 48 U.S. F-- 16C/D fighter aircraft in a deal estimated to be worth approximately $3.5 billion. The package deal includes the weapons, engines, and electronic packages for the planes. Poland chose the F-16...
Russia Agrees to Use U.S. MOX Facility Design
TO HELP MEET their obligations under a fissile material agreement with Washington, Russian officials agreed in December to dispose of excess plutonium using a design of a mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant offered to them by the United States....
Russia, Iran Finalize Spent Nuclear Fuel Deal
TO HELP MEET their obligations under a fissile material agreement with Washington, Russian officials agreed in December to dispose of excess plutonium using a design of a mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant offered to them by the United States....
Study Finds Chemical Weapons Incineration Is Safe
THE INCINERATION TECHNOLOGY the United States plans to use at three new sites to destroy chemical weapons can be safe and effective, despite some safety concerns, according to a report released December 3, 2002, by the National Research Council (NRC),...
U.S. Stops, Then Releases Shipment of N. Korean Missiles
SPANISH AND U.S. forces intercepted and searched a ship December 9 carrying a shipment of Scud missiles and related cargo from North Korea to Yemen. The United States, however, said it lacked the necessary legal authority to seize the cargo and decided...
Wassenaar Members Adopt Small Arms Initiative
MEETING IN VIENNA December 1112, the 33-member Wassenaar Arrangement approved a document setting out nonbinding guidelines for exporting small arms and light weapons but failed to agree on other initiatives largely due to Russian opposition. Comprised...