Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 4, May/June

CCW Negotiators Set New Limits on Landmine Use, Transfer
NEGOTIATORS AT the resumed first review conference for the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) overcame a host of differences on further limiting the use and transfer of anti-personnel landmines and agreed to a number of new amendments to the 15-year-old...
CD Nears Deadline on CTBT; Entry into Force Still Unresolved
WITH ONLY WEEKS remaining before the June 28 close of the Conference on Disarmament's (CD) second session of 1996the CD's self-imposed deadline for completing a comprehensive test ban (CTB) treaty in time for a signing ceremony in September-the chairman...
CFE Treaty Review Completed; Parties Agree on Flank Resolution
AT THE FIRST review conference for the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, held May 15-31 in Vienna, the 30 states-parties to the treaty reaffirmed the fundamental role of the agreement as the "cornerstone of European security" and pledged...
China Offers U.S. New Pledge of Nuclear Exports, Avoids Sanctions
THE CLINTON administration may have achieved an important non-proliferation breakthrough with China as a result of Beijing's May 11 promise not to "provide assistance" to foreign nuclear facilities not under international safeguards. This new assurance...
Clinton Landmine Initiative Draws Criticism
ALMOST TWO YEARS after calling for the eventual elimination of anti-personnel landmines worldwide, President Bill Clinton announced May 16 that he was launching an international effort to ban all such mines "as soon as possible." Clinton said he would...
CTBT: The Best vs. the Good
Despite a very productive session, the Conference on Disarmament (CD) failed to meet its self-imposed deadline of June 28 to agree on the text of a comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT). The chairman of the test ban committee did, however, present on...
Expanding Nuclear Options: Is the U.S. Negating Its Non-Use Pledges?
On April 11, 1996, following the signing by 43 African countries of the African Nuclear-WeaponFree-Zone (ANWFZ) Treaty in Cairo, the United States signed a protocol to the treaty pledging not to use or threaten to use a nuclear explosive device against...
Fulfilling the Promise of the NPT: The CTBT and Beyond
On June 12, Jayantha Dhanapala, Sri Lankan ambassador to the United States, addressed the annual dinner of the Arms Control Association. Ambassador Dhanapala was president of the 1995 review and extension conference of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty...
India's Nuclear Weapons Debate: Unlocking the Door to the CTBT
On June 20, eight days before the Conference on Disarmament (CD) was scheduled to end its second session of 1996, India announced that it would not sign the comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) as drafted. In a statement presented to the CD, India's...
OAS Seeks Ban on Landmines for Hemisphere
THE ORGANIZATION of American States (OAS) on June 7 became the first regional organization to undertake the creation of a hemisphere-wide anti-personnel landmine-free zone. The 35 OAS members approved a "Western Hemisphere as a Anti-personnel Landmine-Free...
Pentagon Says Libya Has Stopped Construction at Suspected CW Plant
THE PENTAGON said in late June that Libya had ceased construction work at a suspected underground chemical weapons facility at Tarhunah 40 miles southeast of Tripoli. After months of intense diplomatic pressure by the United States and Egypt, including...
Push for National Missile Defense Stalled by CBO Report on Costs
REPUBLICAN EFFORTS to push through legislation requiring the United States to deploy a national missile defense (NMD) system by 2003 ran into trouble in mid-May when the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimated that the so-called "Defend America Act...
Russian-Iranian Reactor Contract Restarts Work at Bushehr Complex
DESPITE INTENSE U.S. diplomatic efforts to halt Russian-Iranian nuclear cooperation, construction work has begun under Russia's $800 million contract to finish building one of two partially completed nuclear reactors at Iran's Bushehr complex 450 miles...
Ukraine Completes Final Transfer of Nuclear Warheads to Russia
UKRAINIAN President Leonid Kuchma announced June 1 that Ukraine had transferred the last of the former Soviet strategic nuclear warheads on its territory to Russia, thereby making it the second non-Russian republic of the former Soviet Union to become...
U.S. 1995 Data for the UN Conventional Arms Register
In 1995, the United States transferred more than twice the number of major conventional weapons to other countries than in 1994, according to the U.S. declaration to the UN Register of Conventional Arms submitted on April 30. Adapted as a voluntary measure...
U.S. Warns Russia, Ukraine on Missile-Related Sales to China
THE CLINTON administration has strongly discouraged both the Russian and Ukrainian governments from allowing the sale to China of missile components or technology from the SS-18 ICBM. The missile is Russia's most powerful land-based ICBM, capable of...