Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 9, November

BOOK REVIEW: Avoiding the Tipping Point
BOOK REVIEW: Avoiding the Tipping PointThe Nuclear Tipping Point: Why States Reconsider Their Nuclear ChoicesEdited by Kurt M. Campbell Robert J. Einhorn and Mitchell B. ReissBrookings Institution Press, July 20O4, 285 pp.IS n 1958, British Prime Minister...
Brazil Permits Greater IAEA Inspection
Brazil Oct. 19 granted International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors limited access to crucial uranium-enrichment technology, increasing the prospects for an end to a nearly six-month-old standoff over the South American giant's nuclear program.The...
British Call for Arms Trade Treaty
British Foreign Minister Jack Straw said Sept. 30 that the United Kingdom would work to build support lor a treaty on the international arms trade, although he provided few details about what London envisioned.Speaking at the annual conference of London's...
Coherence Matters
Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen in What's Behind Bush's Nuclear Cuts (ACT, October 2004) highlighted why the cuts in the Russian and U.S. arsenals called for in the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT) are not getting substantial international...
Did Iraqi Materials, Experts Escape?
The unstable security conditions that have reigned in Iraq since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion may have allowed both unconventional weapons experts and weapons-related equipment to escape, according to U.S. and international officials.International Atomic...
Duelfer Disproves U.S. WMD Claims
Charles Duelfer, the CIA's special adviser to the Iraq Survey Group (ISG), told the Senate Armed Services Committee Oct. 6 that Iraq destroyed its stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons, as well as eliminated its nuclear weapons program, after...
Editor's NOTE
Iran's failure to fulfill its obligations as a nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) state-party, Syria's alleged pursuit of chemical weapons, and Israel's failure to sign the NPT and its continued possession of nuclear weapons illustrate the fundamental...
EU Deepens Ties with Libya, Syria
The European Union took steps in October to engage more broadly Syria and Libya, two countries whose proliferation behavior had been previously an obstacle to deeper ties.The EU foreign ministers agreed Oct. 11 to lift completely an almost 20-year arms...
False Alarm on Foreign Capabilities
The Commission to Assess U.S. National security Space Management and Organization, which Donald Rumsfeld chaired until his nomination as secretary of Defense, warned of a coming "Space Pearl Harbor."1 During congressional testimony in 2002, Rumsfeld...
Hill Passes Defense Authorization Bill
Congress gave its blessing Oct. 9 to the Bush administration's nuclear weapons, threat reduction, and missile defense plans. But lawmakers did not give the administration everything it wanted and tasked it with making several new reports on U.S. policy.Approved...
Iran Considers EU Compromise Proposal
Representatives from France, Germany, and the United Kingdom met with Iranian officials twice in October in an effort to head off a possible diplomatic showdown over its nuclear program. But Tehran sent mixed signals as to whether it will agree to a...
Iraq and the Value of On-Site Inspections
In the dramatic speech secretary of State Colin Powell made to the UN security Council on Iraq and its alleged weapons of mass destruction on February 5, 2003, a key piece of the evidence presented was images of decontamination trucks at a presumed chemical...
Missile Regime Puts off China
More than 30 countries dedicated to limiting the spread of ballistic missiles decided in October against letting China join their group because of Beijing's alleged failure to meet their nonproliferation standards. They also expanded the list of items...
National Space Policy: Evolution by Stealth?
In recent years, Pentagon advocacy for pursuing a strategy of "space control" that includes war-fighting "in, from and through space"1 has reached a fever pitch. Top Pentagon and Air Force space officials have repeatedly testified to Congress and made...
Obsolete Relics of a Dead Conflict
Some habits, even dangerous ones, can be difficult to break. Nearly 50 years ago, the United States introduced so-called tactical nuclear weapons into NATO forces in Europe to deter and, if necessary, use against a Soviet land attack. Not long after,...
Panel: Secret Nuclear Attacks Possible
A Pentagon panel recently concluded an attacker could easily smuggle a nuclear weapon into the United States and detonate it. The panel did not prescribe a specific strategy to thwart this threat but recommended an open-ended, multibillion-dollar program...
Programs to Watch
The United States will spend about $3 billion in 2005 on space control and space force projection programs. More than 90 percent of this money, however, will supplement U.S. command, control, and intelligence systems. The Pentagon did seek a small amount...
Taiwan's Chen Proposes Arms Control with China, but Seeks U.S. Arms
While lobbying for legislative approval of a huge U.S. arms package offer, Taiwanese President Chcn Shui-bian suggested Oct. 10 that Taiwan and China give arms control a thought. Beijing, which is pressing Kurope to drop a long-standing Chinese arms...
The Long Road to On-Site Inspection
The effort to achieve broad acceptance of on-site inspection (OSI) is a story of high diplomacy, creativity, and determination through several U.S. administrations. The ambitious but somewhat naïve Baruch Plan, put forward by the United States in 1946...
The Universe of On-Site Inspection
As on-site inspection (OSI) has gradually gained acceptance around the world, thousands of inspections have been successfully implemented in a wide variety of circumstances and under many different arms control regimes. Nonetheless, certain practices...
Time for Arms Talks? Iran, Israel, and Middle East Arms Control
The Middle East has all it takes to frustrate international arms control regimes. Key regional actors do not recognize one actor's right to exist, let alone share diplomatic relations. Countries in the region perceive their own security as requiring...
Tri-Nation Missile Defense Funded
Along-delayed effort by the United States, Germany, and Italy to field a joint missile defense system to protect troops on the battlefield picked up momentum Sept. 28 with the announcement of a $3 billion contract to begin design and development.Intended...
U.S.-Pakistani F-16 Deal Up in the Air
U.S. and Pakistani officials are denying claims by a senior Pakistani military commander that Washington is about to fulfill Islamabad's long-stymied and controversial quest for advanced U.S. combat aircraft.Pakistani Air Chief Marshal Kaleem Saadat...
U.S. Punishes 14 for Iran Arms Trade
The United States has sanctioned 14 entities from seven different countries for allegedly providing Iran with exports that could be used to develop unconventional weapons and the means to deliver them. The move came amid ongoing worldwide uncertainty...
U.S., Russia Debate Tactical Nuclear Arms
Washington and Moscow sparred aver each other's tactical nuclear weapons following an Oct. 5-6 visit to Russia by a senior Department of State official, who also rebuked Russia for not withdrawing its armed forces from two of its neighbors.Speaking to...
U.S. Tops Global Arms Exports
Despite a minimal drop in the total number of conventional weapons exported worldwide in 2003, the United States and other top arms exporters, except for Russia, reported increased weapons deliveries for the year, according to submissions to the UN Register...
Weapons in the Heavens: A Radical and Reckless Option
Of all the risky "transformation" initiatives championed by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, the one receiving the least media attention is the weaponization of space. Shortly before arriving for his second tour at the Pentagon, Rumsfeld chaired...