Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 2, March

Broaden the Nonproliferation Campaign
Following last month's disclosures of illicit Pakistani nuclear assistance to Libya and Iran, President George W. Bush outlined new measures to restrict the trade of key equipment that can be used to make bomb material. However, Bush's proposals, as...
Bush Administration Seeks Small Increase for State Department Nonproliferation, Disarmament Budget
The Department of State would see little increase in spending on efforts to combat weapons of mass destruction (WMD) if Congress endorses President George W. Bush's request for the fiscal year 2005 budget. Funds for humanitarian demining programs and...
Bush Outlines Proposals to Stem Proliferation
PAINTING A STARK picture of a world facing growing dangers from the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)x President George W. Bush offered seven proposals to tamp down rising proliferation threats in a Feb. 11 speech at the National Defense University.Bush...
Bush Stresses Importance of Nunn-Lugar Programs but Cuts Funds in 2005 Budget Request
President George W. Bush Feb. 11 offered a strong endorsement of U.S. programs to safeguard or destroy the arsenal of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and materials formerly possessed by the Soviet Union. However, in his fiscal year 2005 budget...
China Seeks to Join Nuclear, Missile Control Groups
BUILDING ON RECENT efforts to demonstrate its nonproliferation credentials, China is seeking to join two voluntary multilateral export control regimes that seek to limit the spread of nuclear and missile-related technologies. China formally applied to...
Contract for Mini-Kill Vehicles Awarded
The Pentagon's Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is moving ahead on a project that it hopes will address what is perceived as one of the biggest challenges to U.S. missile defense programs: the possibility that an enemy could simply overwhelm a system by...
Contrasting Views on Iraq's WMD
This material is adapted from the public version of the October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate on Iraq's WMD Capabilities; CIA Director George Tenet's Feb. 5 speech at Georgetown University; March 2003 and December 2003 reports from the UN Monitoring,...
Curbing Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East
There are reasons to be optimistic. A year ago, security experts assumed that the Middle East would eventually be home to at least several nuclear powers. Today, that no longer seems inevitable.In terms of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) threats in...
Eliminating the Obstacles to Nunn-Lugar
Some of our important work has lagged because of pockets of resistance within Congress and the administration... But the president has embraced the Nunn-Lugar concept and has endorsed efforts to apply it worldwide.The war on terrorism proceeds in a world...
Father of Pakistani Bomb Sold Nuclear Secrets
IN A DRAMATIC television appearance Feb. 4, Abdul Qadeer Khan, the father of the Pakistani bomb, acknowledged that during the past two decades he had secretly provided North Korea, Libya, and Iran with crucial technological and intellectual building...
IAEA Says Iran Failed to Disclose Key Nuclear Activities
DESPITE ITS OCTOBER 2003 promise to declare all aspects of its nuclear program to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a Feb. 24 IAEA report reveals that Iran has failed to disclose several nuclear activities. The IAEA Board of Governors is...
Iran: Assessment and Next Steps
The following excerpt is from a report released Feb. 24 by International Atomic Energy Agency Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei on the implementation of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty safeguards agreement in Iran.Iran has presented all declared...
Kay Revives Fracas over U.S. Intelligence on Iraq
THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION IS facing a formidable diplomatic and political challenge after a key official said that he expected any weapons hunt in Iraq will prove largely futile.The CIA announced Jan. 23 that David Kay was stepping down as its adviser...
Libya's Chemical Weapons Program
Libya's pursuit of chemical weapons began in the early 1980s and first gained significant public attention when Tripoli was accused of using a toxic gas intermittently from 1986 to 1988 during a conflict with neighboring Chad. Libya may have acquired...
Lugar Says Some Administration Officials Undermining Bush's Efforts on Additional Protocol
ALTHOUGH PRESIDENT GEORGE W. Bush reiterated his support for a bilateral U.S. agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) last month, a key Senate leader has complained that some within the administration are not fully on board.In a...
Missile Defense Funding Request Tops $10 Billion
With the Pentagon starting deployment later this year of the initial elements of a proposed multilayered missile defense system, the Bush administration is seeking a hike of more than $1 billion for missile defense spending in fiscal year 2005. If approved...
On the Money Trail
President Bush's fiscal year 2005 budget requestTo understand an administration's arms control and nonproliferation policies, there are few more concrete clues than the annual budget request it submits to Congress. Although policy statements can be endlessly...
Proliferation Security Initiative Advances: But Russia and China Keep Their Distance
A U.S.-LED coalition to interdict shipments of deadly arms around the globe scored a couple of firsts in February. The 11 original participants added three more states to their roster, and the United States concluded an agreement giving it the right...
Proposed Energy Department Budget Would Boost Funds for Nuclear Weapons
The Bush administration is seeking to boost spending on U.S. nuclear weapons programs in fiscal year 2005 to $6.6 billion, up 5 percent from the $6.2 billion appropriated by Congress for fiscal year 2004. That constitutes the bulk of the administration's...
Putin Boasts about Russian Military Capabilities: Tests Show Both Strengths and Weaknesses
IN FEBRUARY, RUSSIA concluded what it touted as its most extensive military exercises in two decades, revealing both the current weaknesses and the remaining strengths of Russia's missile arsenal.Russian President Vladimir Putin personally witnessed...
Questions over Iraq Intel Continue to Plague Blair
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER Tony Blair faces growing criticism over his decision to go to war in Iraq, despite being cleared by Lord Brian Hutton Jan. 28 of any wrongdoing in the events leading to the suicide of British weapons inspector David Kelly last...
Recharging the Chemical Weapons Convention
If Washington and the international community are truly serious about halting chemical weapons proliferation, they should stop handicapping the Technical Secretariat.On January 6, Libya became the 159th nation to join the Chemical Weapons Convention...
Russia, NATO at Loggerheads over Military Bases
REVIVING MEMORIES OF their bitter Cold War rivalry, NATO and Russia are engaging in increasingly sharp exchanges over each other's military deployments and basing plans.Speaking Feb. 7 at a two-day security conference in Munich, Germany, Russian Defense...
Six Nations Square off over North Korea: Seoul Advances Proposal
THE SECOND ROUND of six-party talks designed to resolve the nuclear crisis on the Korean peninsula began Feb. 25 in Beijing with some early signs that they might yield progress. The nations involved are the United States, North Korea, China, South Korea,...
Taiwan, China, and U.S. in Arms Referendum Imbroglio
AFTER PROVOKING A stern rebuke from the United States, Taiwan in mid-January modified a proposed March 20 referendum regarding China's deployment of ballistic missiles aimed at the island. The move appeared to mollify Washington, but Beijing remains...
The Iaea on Libya
The following are the findings, initial assessment, and next steps that were published in a Feb. 20 report by IAEA Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei on Libya's implementation of its NPT safeguards agreement:Starting in the early 1980s and continuing...
Top Pentagon Official Says Missile Defense Performance Questionable without More Tests
IN AN ANNUAL report to Congress, the Pentagon's top official in charge of ensuring that U.S. weapons perform properly said he could not offer a final verdict on a proposed layered U.S. ballistic missile defense system because it has been only minimally...
U.S. Announces New Landmines Policy
ON FEB. 27, the Bush administration announced that it would not join an international treaty banning anti-personnel landmines (APLs), but would limit the types of landmines its military forces may use in the future.Under the new policy, the United States...
U.S. Delegation Visits North Korea: Questions Remain over Pyongyang's Weapons Claims
THE JANUARY VISIT of an unofficial U.S. delegation of arms control and North Korea experts, including senior Senate staff aides, to North Korea's nuclear facilities at Yongbyon resolved some uncertainties concerning the status of Pyongyang's nuclear...
U.S. Dual-Use Exports Largely Go Unchecked
The U.S. government process for checking whether American commercial exports are being misused for weapons purposes needs improvement, the General Accounting Office (GAO) concluded in a January report.The GAO found that the Department of Commerce conducts...
U.S.-Russian Arms Reduction Body Yet to Meet
The United States and Russia have yet to hold a meeting of the Bilateral Implementation Commission to help implement the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT), which entered into force june 1, 2003. Under the terms of the accord, the commission...
U.S. Says Libya Implementing WMD Pledge
U.S. OFFICIALS ARE pleased with Libya's progress in fulfilling its December pledge to eliminate its nuclear and chemical weapons programs, as well as its long-range missiles, and have indicated that the United States will soon take steps to increase...
U.S. Will Not Join Landmine Treaty; Position on Fissile Material Cutoff Pact Uncertain
THE BUSH ADMIMSTRATION has no intention of joining an anti-landmine treaty and is reviewing past U.S. support for negotiating an agreement to end the production of key nuclear weapons materials, Assistant secretary of State for Arms Control Stephen Rademaker...