Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 1, January/February

ACT 2004 Index
SubjectAdditional Protocol: PK, "Iran Signs Additional Protocol With IAEA," Jan./ Feb., p. 34; PK, "Lugar Says Some Administration Officials Undermining Bush's Efforts on Additional Protocol," Mar., p. 36; "Kazakhstan Signs IAEA Additional Protocol,"...
Brazil, IAEA Reach Inspection Agreement
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has accepted Brazil's proposal for resolving a dispute over how to carry out inspections at the country's uranium-enrichment plant in Resende. With the IAEA's approval, Brazil will soon begin operating the...
Canada Draws Line on Missile Defense
During a recent visit to Canada, President George W. Bush lobbied the U.S. neighbor to collaborate in building missile defenses. Bush's host, Prime Minister Paul Martin, left the door open to some possible cooperation but ruled out any prospect of Canada...
Can a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty Be Effectively Verified?
Capping the production of highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium for nuclear weapons has long been a goal of the international nuclear nonproliferation agenda because it has been seen as putting a real-world limit on the potential for any nuclear...
Caught in the Middle: The United Kingdom and the 2005 NPT Review Conference
Although it may feign confidence, the British government is viewing with trepidation the approach of the 2005 nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference. It is anxious about the treaty's health, even less able than usual to predict how the...
China: A Crucial Bridge for the 2005 NPT Review Conference
China's unique nuclear philosophy, nuclear arsenal, and attitude toward nuclear nonproliferation mean that Beijing is likely to play a critical role at the 2005 nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, serving as a vital bridge between...
Clearing Mined Areas Now Treaty Aim
More than 130 countries came together Nov. 29 to review a five-year-old treaty banning anti-personnel landmines (APLs) and agreed on a 70-point action plan for further treaty implementation. The United States, which announced nearly a year ago that it...
Disarmament: Have the Five Nuclear Powers Done Enough?
Article VI of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) calls on parties to the treaty to "pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race...and to nuclear disarmament." This article embodies not...
Editor's NOTE
The nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) regime has been held together for nearly four decades by a central bargain between countries that have nuclear weapons and those that do not. In return for swearing off atomic weaponry, non-nuclear-weapon states...
EU Retains China Arms Embargo
The European Union Dec. 8 rejected a Chinese bid to end a 15-year-old arms embargo, delighting the United States. Yet, Beijing's disappointment and Washington's satisfaction could be short-lived as the embargo's eventual end appears likely.In a joint...
IAEA Investigating Egypt and Taiwan
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors are investigating evidence of past undeclared nuclear activities in Taiwan and Egypt, U.S. officials and sources close to the agency have confirmed. Although both countries are known to have had nuclear...
Iran-EU Nuclear Negotiations Begin
Foreign ministers from France, Germany, and the United Kingdom met Dec. 13 with Hassan Rowhani, secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council, to open negotiations toward a long-term resolution of concerns surrounding Tehran's nuclear programs....
Missile Defense Fails Test; System Remains Grounded
A long-range ballistic missile interceptor failed to get off the ground in a December test. So did President George W. Bush's plans to declare the initial elements of a U.S. anti-missile system operational by the end of last year.Bush stated Dec. 17,...
Nonproliferation through Disarmament
Sixty years after the first atomic bombings, some 40 countries have the know-how to produce nuclear weapons. If it is true that the nuclear genie cannot be put back in the bottle, why aren't there dozens of nuclear-armed states? The decades-long global...
Reactor Suspension Extended; North Korea Nuclear Talks Stall
With six-party talks designed to resolve a two-year-old North Korean nuclear crisis stuck in limbo, the United States, Japan, and South Korea have opted to renew the year-long construction freeze of two nuclear reactors promised to Pyongyang as part...
Russia Speeds Chemical Weapon Disposal
The destruction of Russia's massive Soviet-era chemical weapons stockpile has been proceeding glacially, but recent actions by Russian and U.S. leaders may allow this pace to be accelerated substantially.With slightly more than 40,000 metric tons, Russia...
Superseding U.S.-Russian Nuclear Deterrence
Over time and left unchecked, nuclear deterrence and proliferation are likely to follow Frederick Hegel's dialectical notion of history in which a historical development generates its opposite, or antithesis, and eventually both give way to a new reality...
The 2005 NPT Review Conference: A French Perspective
For France, the 2005 nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference will need first and foremost to confirm the credibility of the NPT as one of the main elements of international peace and security and to demonstrate the efficiency of the review...
UN Panel Sounds Nonproliferation Alarm
The decades-old effort to keep a tight lid on the spread of nuclear weapons is in jeopardy, warned a Dec. 2 report by a group of high-ranking experts. UN secretary-General Kofi Annan convened the group to assess threats to international peace and security."We...
U.S.-Russian Nuclear Rivalry Lingers
News ANALYSISIn signing an arms control treaty with Russia two years ago, President George W. Bush said the simple, less than 500-words document reflected a new spirit of cooperation and trust between the two former foes based upon the recognition that...
U.S. Says It Will Complete Russian Nuclear Security Upgrades by 2008
A high-level Bush administration official told a gathering of nuclear experts Dec. 14 that the United States had accelerated its efforts to secure approximately 600 metric tons of fissile materials in Russia and was on track to complete this work by...