Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 7, September

Arms Trade Treaty Future Uncertain
A year-old British initiative to regulate the global conventional arms trade is gaining some support, but top arms suppliers have yet to embrace it and the United States has questioned its value.Last September, British Foreign Minister Jack Straw said...
Between Noble Goals and Sobering Reality: An Interview with EU Nonproliferation Chief Annalisa Giannella
In October 2003, EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana appointed Annalisa Giannella as his personal representative on nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Her main job is to oversee the implementation of the European Strategy Against...
Bush Gives Bolton Recess Appointment
President George W. Bush used a recess appointment to install John Bolton as U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations Aug. 1, circumventing primarily Democratic opposition after a bruising five-month Senate battle.The recess appointment will...
Bush Promises India Nuclear Cooperation
Breaking with nearly three decades of U.S. nonproliferation policy, President George W. Bush has charted a course for the United States to pursue full-scale civil nuclear cooperation with India. But domestic and foreign policymakers who would have to...
BWC Meeting Tackles Codes of Conduct
As experts seek to find ways to prevent advances in biotechnology research from being misused for weapons, many have urged the creation of codes of conduct for scientists. But there is little agreement on how such a code should be enforced or implemented.Such...
Editor's NOTE
Yogi Berra once said, "It ain't over till it's over." That certainly is the case when it comes to many of the political and diplomatic battles over how to deal with the world's most dangerous weapons and technologies.Nearly three decades ago, the United...
Hill Split on CTBTO Funding
The House and Senate are at odds over the Bush administration's proposal to cut funds that would go to the preparatory commission of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), the international group tasked with eventually verifying the...
Iran Restarts Uranium Conversion
Iran's August restart of its uranium-conversion facility near Isfahan has set the stage for a diplomatic showdown this month.Iran's action ended a suspension that had been part of a November agreement with France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. For...
Iran's Nuclear Abilities Limited
Tehran's Aug. 1 announcement of its decision to restart its uraniumconversion facility near Isfahan has raised concerns that Tehran intends to produce highly enriched uranium (HEU) for nuclear weapons. But three recent U.S. intelligence assessments suggest...
Is U.S. Reprocessing Worth the Risk?
Nearly three decades ago, the United States swore off the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel because it cost too much and put separated plutonium into circulation. Now, some in Congress want to launch a massive program to reprocess the spent fuel that...
LOOKING BACK: The UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission
The UN Security Council is soon expected to debate the future of the UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC). The question facing the Security Council is whether to close down and dismantle the organization or to put its human...
Missile Defense Aims to Hit Target in '06
Those waiting to see if the Pentagon's long-range, ground-based ballistic missile defense system can once again intercept a mock warhead in flight will have to wait until next year. After three straight flight-test failures, the Pentagon's Missile Defense...
More Than a Decade of U.S.-North Korean Nuclear Tensions
CHRONOLOGYThe recent round of nuclear negotiations between the United States and North Korea follows more than a decade of nuclear tensions between the two countries.First Nuclear CrisisIn 1992 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) uncovered...
No Consensus on Nuclear Supply Rules
Broad agreement exists among the world's nuclear suppliers that additional measures are needed to guard against their nuclear exports being diverted illicitly to build nuclear weapons, but they failed to reach consensus on appropriate changes at two...
North Korea Talks Resume, Then Stall
Meeting for the first time in more than a year, the United States, North Korea, and four other countries failed to reach agreement on a statement of principles to guide negotiations to end the nuclear crisis on the Korean peninsula. At the conclusion...
State Department Reorganization Advances
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice announced July 29 that she plans to reconfigure how her department is organized to better reduce and limit the spread of arms worldwide. But lawmakers have held up implementation of the changes while they review them.Rice...
States Vow to Update Nuclear Materials Pact
Demonstrating what International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei called "a global commitment to remedy weaknesses in our nuclear security regime," delegates from 89 counties July 8 decided to adopt measures to strengthen...
The Role of U.S. Nuclear Weapons: New Doctrine Falls Short of Bush Pledge
A nuclear draft doctrine written by the Pentagon calls for maintaining an aggressive nuclear posture with weapons on high alert to strike adversaries armed with weapons of mass destruction (WMD), pre-emptively if necessary.The doctrine, the first formal...
United States Eyes Proliferators' Assets
Buying, selling, and transporting biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons, as well as their related materials and components, requires money. At the end of June, the Bush administration unveiled a new measure intended to make funding for such transactions...
United States Unsure of Chinese Military's Modernization Aims
Beijing's military capabilities are growing but with what end remains unclear to the United States, according to an annual Pentagon assessment of China's armed forces. The report's release coincided with conflicting Chinese statements about whether it...
U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation: A Reality Check
Leaders in Washington and New Delhi claim their July 18 civil nuclear cooperation and nonproliferation deal is a transformational event that will deepen the ties between the two countries and strengthen the effort to stop the spread of nuclear weapons....
U.S., Israel Reach China Arms Deal
The United States and Israel announced Aug. 16 that they had signed a memorandum of understanding to ease disputes over past Israeli arms sales to China and to govern future arms trade between Israel and some foreign countries. The action comes as Congress...
U.S. Nuclear Weapons Guidance, War Plans
The updated Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Operations reflects how combatant commanders have translated the administration's attempts to reshape U.S. nuclear policy into operational guidance for military forces. It comes nearly five years after the completion...
U.S. Urges Nicaraguan Arms Destruction
The United States is withholding military aid to Nicaragua until it eliminates its stockpile of shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles, known as Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADs).A staple of many militaries' air defense arsenals for decades,...