Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 2, March

Advances in Science and Technology and the Chemical Weapons Convention
With the second review conference of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) approaching in April, a raft of studies have appeared making clear that fundamental changes in science and technology are affecting the implementation of the treaty and that it...
Air Force Issues New Nuclear Weapons Procedures
The U.S. Air Force has issued new procedures and requirements for the handling of nuclear weapons in the wake of an incident last August in which six nuclear warheads were unknowingly transferred across the country. The Air Force decision was announced...
A World Free of Nuclear Weapons: An Interview with Nuclear Threat Initiative Co-Chairman Sam Nunn
Sam Nunn has long been a leader in the U.S. national security community. A Democrat from Georgia, Nunn served four terms in the U.S. Senate from 1972 to 1996, including as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee. He is currently co-chairman and...
Bush Budget Revives Cut Warhead
Lawmakers last year dealt what many thought was a knockout blow to research into a new type of nuclear warhead, but the Bush administration is seeking to raise the program off of the canvas with renewed funding in its fiscal year 2009 budget request.Submitted...
Bush Calls for More GNEP, MOX Facility Funds
President George W. Bush's fiscal 2009 budget request, unveiled Feb. 4, calls for a significant increase in funding for two controversial administration nuclear efforts: the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) and a new mixedoxide (MOX) fuel facility...
Bush Issues Directive on Additional Protocol
President George W. Bush issued an executive order Feb. 4 that called for relevant U.S. departments and agencies to take steps to implement an additional protocol to the U.S. safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The...
Bush Requests Less for Threat Reduction Program
After Congress bumped up the budgets for a number of nonproliferation programs for countries in the former Soviet Union in its 2008 appropriations bills, the Bush administration has requested less money in a number of cases for fiscal year 2009.The reduced...
Chemical Weapons Parlay's Outcome Uncertain
During April 7-18, representatives of 183 states-parties of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) will meet in The Hague for the second time to review the operation of the treaty and to find ways to adapt it for the future. Although there is likely...
Cluster Munitions Talks Gain Steam
A Geneva-based multilateral forum on conventional weapons is showing some small signs of progress in restricting the use of controversial cluster munitions, as a separate international effort, spearheaded by Norway, appears to be gaining steam.Cluster...
Contradictions Plague U.S.-Indian Nuclear Deal
Two and a half years after President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced their proposed U.S.-Indian civil nuclear cooperation deal, the ill-conceived arrangement faces a highly uncertain future. In the next few weeks, decisions...
Conventional Arming and Disarming
* Lockheed Martin recently confirmed a sale of its C-130J Super Hercules military transport planes by the United States to India has been finalized. Media reports indicate that the deal is worth $1 billion and involves the transfer of six aircraft, beginning...
Editor's NOTE
Recently, four senior statesmen called for renewed action toward the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons. Our cover story this month is an interview with one of them, former Senator Sam Nunn (D-Ga.).Nunn says that, without such action, he has become...
GAO Report Chides Energy Department Program
A Government Accountability Office (GAO) report released last December offers stinging criticism of the Department of Energy's management of its Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP). The criticism and the fact that some of these facilities...
Getting Down to the Hard Cases: Prospects for CWC Universality
When states-parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) gather next month in The Hague for their second review conference, the plenary sessions will be unusually full, and for good reason. Since the ban on developing, producing, stockpiling,...
IAEA: Iran Work Plan Progress Incomplete
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) DirectorGeneral Mohamed ElBaradei issued a report Feb. 22 on Iran's nuclear program indicating that the agency has made considerable progress in clarifying some of Iran's past nuclear activities, but has not...
Letters TO THE EDITOR
"Trust Us" Is Not Enough in PakistanIt is good to see Kenneth N. Luongo and Brigadier General (Ret.) Naeem Salik's unbridled optimism about Pakistan's ability to safeguard its nuclear arsenal ("Building Confidence in Pakistan's Nuclear Security," December...
LOOKING BACK: The Continuing Legacy of Old and Abandoned Chemical Weapons
I hear a dull thud. A blue mist comes floating across the frosty fields. In the field behind the cemetery, the DOVO, the Belgian War Munition Demolition Service, has blown up another heap of First World War ammunition. They do it twice a day, one and...
Missile Defense Budget Boosts Requested
Heading into its final year in office, the Bush administration is asking Congress to give a spending boost to anti-missile systems, particularly a controversial project to extend systems to Europe. Although missile defenses have been a constant funding...
New UN Sanctions on Iran Proposed
France and the United Kingdom Feb. 21 formally introduced a new draft sanctions resolution on Iran's nuclear program to the UN security Council. The draft lays the basis for a third UN sanctions measure against Iran. Tehran has refused to comply with...
North Korea Slows Nuclear Disablement
Two months after a Dec. 31, 2007, deadline to disable its nuclear reactor complex and provide a declaration of all nuclear activities, North Korea has slowed disablement work and has yet to offer a complete declaration. Pyongyang says that faster progress...
Pakistan Defends Nuke Security amid Instability
In recent months, Pakistani officials have sought to allay concerns that the deteriorating security situation in their country would allow extremist elements to acquire nuclear weapons or materials. Political instability in Pakistan has persisted over...
Russia Halts Missile Launch Notices
Russia recently stopped providing advance notice of its ballistic missile launches to fellow members of a voluntary missile transparency and restraint regime. Other participants, including the United States, also are not fully implementing their commitments.Established...
Russia Pushes Pacts as U.S. Kills Satellite
At the stalemated Conference on Disarmament (CD), Russia recently urged states to pursue separate pacts to outlaw all arms in space and ban certain types of missiles already forsworn by Russia and the United States. Chances for work on those two proposals...
Senate Still Examining Pre-War Iraq Intel
Five years after the March 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S.-led coalition forces, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence has yet to conclude its investigations into the pre-war intelligence that was cited by the Bush administration as the basis for...
U.S.-Indian Deal in Limbo as Clock Ticks
Bush administration officials and some U.S. lawmakers are prodding India to accelerate its efforts to advance a civil nuclear trade initiative or risk losing it. At the same time, domestic political opponents in India are pressing the Indian government...
U.S. Joins Study of Arms Trade Treaty
All 28 countries invited to do so, including the United States, sent representatives to a UN-sponsored experts meeting in February to explore a global arms trade treaty (ATT). The United States originally voted against starting the effort (see ACT, December...
Weapons Labs Biological Research Raises Concerns
Two U.S. nuclear weapons labs are opening biological research labs capable of studying more dangerous pathogens, raising concerns about the U.S. ability to meet demands for transparency in line with the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).On Jan....
White House Aims to Expedite Arms Exports
On Jan. 22, President George W. Bush issued a directive designed to expedite export licensing of defense equipment, services, and technical data. The directive may ease criticism from industry and Congress that the U.S. export controls system is unnecessarily...