Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 35, No. 9, November

An Evolving U.S. Position
Traditionally, the United States has urged "effective verification" and strict enforcement of arms control agreements, although with some important exceptions. With the end of the Cold War and the rise of rogue states and terrorism, a change seems to...
Brazilian Regulator Denies Uranium Claims
Odair Gonçalves, president of Brazil's Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), told Arms Control Today Sept. 28 that reports that a foreign source had once supplied Brazil with uranium enriched to the point that it could fuel a nuclear bomb were inaccurate.In...
Challenges Face North Korea Talks
Participants in the six-party talks designed to resolve the North Korean nuclear crisis are attempting to devise a strategy for implementing a Sept. 19 joint statement of principles for achieving "the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula."...
China's Export Controls: Can Beijing's Actions Match Its Words?
At their September plenary in Madrid, members of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) decided not to take up the question of inviting China to join the group. China had applied to join the voluntary export control regime in July 2004, and that...
Defending Missile Defense
An Interview With Missile Defense Agency Director Lt. Gen. Henry OberingPresident George W. Bush has made fielding missile defenses a priority. In pursuit of this objective, he withdrew the United States from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty,...
Editor's NOTE
All too often, political and public attention focus on who is winning or losing arms control and national security debates, rather than the mundane but crucial task of following through whatever decision is ultimately reached.Take missile defense, for...
ElBaradei, IAEA Win Nobel Peace Prize
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its sometimes controversial director-general, Mohamed ElBaradei, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize Oct. 7. The agency is charged with promoting the uses of nuclear technologies for peaceful purposes...
EU Slaps Arms Embargo on Uzbekistan
On Oct. 3, the European Union voted to impose arms sanctions and other restrictions on Uzbekistan. The sanctions include a ban on the sale or transfer to Uzbekistan of arms, military equipment, or any other equipment that might be used for internal repression.The...
Examples of Ambiguities in Compliance Disputes
Deciding whether a country has complied with an agreement is not always clear-cut.Many arms control disputes are really over how ambiguous information should be interpreted. Some of the frequent clashes over the Limited Test Ban Treaty, for example,...
Global Arms Exports Climbed in 2004
With the United States and Russia leading the way, arms suppliers shipped roughly 1,200 more major conventional weapons around the globe in 2004 than in 2003, according to reports they volunteered this year to the United Nations.Since 1992, arms exporters...
Hard Cases Stymie Test Ban Treaty
Nearly a decade ago, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) was opened for signature. Since then, all but 17 UN members have signed the accord, and major progress has been made in building a complex technological system to verify its implementation....
Hungarian Missiles Set for Destruction
The United States recently agreed to help Hungary scrap more than 1,500 excess shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles. A top Department of State official has told lawmakers that he will be urging similar operations elsewhere.On Sept. 27, U.S. Ambassador...
IAEA Board Closes Safeguards Loophole
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors Sept. 20 approved changes to strengthen the agency's Small Quantities Protocol, an agreement the IAEA viewed as a weak point in its overall ability to detect clandestine nuclear activity.State-parties...
IAEA Reports Increase in Nuclear Trafficking
According to a Sept. 27 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) report, incidents of nuclear and radioactive trafficking rose significantly in 2004. Trafficking of nuclear materials has increased for the first time since 2000, and trafficking of radioactive...
IAEA Unlikely to Refer Iran to Security Council
On Nov. 24, following an anticipated report from Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors is set to evaluate Iran's cooperation with a Sept. 24 resolution that found Tehran in "non-compliance"...
India, Pakistan Sign Missile Notification Pact
India and Pakistan Oct. 3 finalized an agreement to notify each other in advance of ballistic missile flight tests. This long-awaited move aims to reduce tension between the two nuclear neighbors.Indian External Affairs Minister K. Natwar Singh and Pakistani...
IRA Disarms after 36 Years
The provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) has disarmed after a 36-year armed campaign for a unified Irish state, according to a Sept. 26 report by independent international observers.Canadian General John de Chastelain, head of the Independent...
Lawmakers Want to Retain ICBM Force
Western lawmakers are seeking to prevent changes or cuts to the U.S. force of deployed nuclear-armed ICBMs. Currently, 500 Minuteman III missiles are dispersed across Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming.Spurring the legislators' campaign is a concern...
LOOKING BACK: Multilateral Arms Transfer Restraint: The Limits of Cooperation
As the United States and Europe wrestle over European plans to sell conventional arms to China, many Americans would like to see a new transatlantic treaty regime. They disparage the existing regime, the Wassenaar Arrangement, which coordinates export...
Of Madmen and Nukes
Chinese Major General Zhu Chenghu told journalists last July that China is prepared to use nuclear weapons against the United States if it targets Chinese ships, aircraft, or territory in a confrontation over Taiwan. "We Chinese will prepare ourselves...
OPCW Director Seeks Middle East Inroads
Efforts to win universal support for the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) have foundered because of resistance from key countries in the Middle East and elsewhere. But the head of the international organization charged with implementing the CWC told...
Suppliers Weigh Indian Nuclear Cooperation
At an October meeting, the world's leading nuclear suppliers offered mixed reactions to a U.S. initiative to expand civil nuclear cooperation with India. The group is awaiting a formal U.S. proposal as well as Indian steps toward granting greater outside...
U.S. Proposes Nuclear Fuel Safety Net
The United States recently announced it will establish a nuclear fuel reserve for countries that forgo the ability to make their own nuclear fuel. This reserve would serve as a backup source of nuclear fuel for such countries if their regular supply...
Witness for the Prosecution: International Organizations and Arms Control Verification
The late Charles Floweree, who worked on arms control issues for many years at the Department of State, once observed that "compliance is like a poorly crafted Act 3 that plays to a distracted and drowsy audience."If we continue his analogy, we might...