Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 6, July/August

An End to U.S. Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe?
News ANALYSISNATO's policy of basing U.S. tactical nuclear weapons in several European countries has lasted long after the end of the Cold War, despite increasing pressure from parliamentarians, disarmament advocates, and public opinion. Now, a more...
BWC 2006: Building Transparency through Confidence Building Measures
Transparency is an integral component of arms control. It can dispel concerns of noncompliance by reassuring actors that others are not misusing technologies or goods for hostile purposes. It can also deter actors from engaging in banned activities for...
Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons since 1945
Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945 Edited by Mark Wheelis, Lajos Rózsa, and Malcolm Dando Harvard University Press, 2006, 496 pp.Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945 is a significant contribution to the understanding of the historic...
Editor's NOTE
Virtually everyone agrees that the strategic environment has changed since the end of the Cold War and the terrorist attacks of September 11 and that countries, particularly the United States, need to alter their weapons arsenals to account for these...
Efforts to Strengthen IAEA Safeguards Advance
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei told the agency's Board of Governors June 12 that a committee formed last year "has begun considering" ways of improving IAEA safeguards. ElBaradei also described the agency's...
European Conventional Arms Treaty in Limbo
Nearly seven years ago, 30 countries agreed on a revised set of European conventional arms limits to replace caps originally negotiated when the Soviet Union existed and Europe was divided into two hostile military blocs. Yet, the outdated limits remain...
IAEA Iran Investigation Makes Little Headway
A June 8 report from International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei to the agency's Board of Governors indicates that Iran has continued to defy a March UN Security Council presidential statement urging Tehran to resolve...
IAEA, Leading Nations Push for Fuel Assurances
High-level delegations from 140 countries will meet in Vienna Sept. 19-20 in an attempt to encourage countries to forgo two critical technologies that could lead to nuclear weapons while ensuring that they receive civilian nuclear fuel. The effort comes...
Iraq Strives to Join Chemical Weapons Pact
More than three years after the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, Baghdad is apparently making progress in its efforts to accede to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). But the fate of the UN organization charged with dismantling Iraq's chemical weapons program...
Next Stop: The NSG
Within months, the 45-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) will move from the periphery to the center of a year-long debate about whether India should become eligible for full civil nuclear trade even though it does not yet observe the nonproliferation...
Nonproliferation Diplomacy: An Interview with Ambassador Gregory L. Schulte
As U.S. permanent representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other Vienna-based organizations, Ambassador Gregory L. Schulte has been deeply involved in U.S. efforts to limit Iran's nuclear program, develop a series of multilateral...
Nuclear Suppliers Still Split on U.S.-Indian Deal
The world's leading nuclear supplier states remain divided on a U.S. initiative to exempt India from international rules restricting civilian nuclear trade with New Delhi. The 45 members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) also are at odds on two proposals...
Off Target? the Bush Administration's Plan to Arm Long-Range Ballistic Missiles with Conventional Warheads
Early this year, the Pentagon formally unveiled a plan to equip some of the Navy's submarine-launched Trident D-5 nuclear missiles with conventional warheads. These conventionally armed, long-range ballistic missiles would be deployed under the rubric...
Plans for Missile Defenses in Europe Unsettled
U.S. plans for establishing a strategic ballistic missile defense base in Europe remain unsettled, but Russian officials are sharpening their criticism of the proposal. Meanwhile, leaders of the 26-member NATO alliance will soon begin weighing options...
Potential North Korean Missile Test Raises Tension
Reports in June that North Korea was on the verge of testing its first longer-range ballistic missile since 1998 set countries around the region on edge. Meanwhile, six-party talks concerning the North Korean nuclear crisis remain stalled.National security...
Reviving Disarmament: An Interview with Hans Blix
Hans Blix for the last two years has served as chairman of the WMD Commission, an independent international body launched by the Swedish government to explore ways to reduce threats posed by biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. Blix, who was formerly...
Senate Backs Bush's Iran Approach
The Senate June 15 gave a unanimous blessing to President George W. Bush's diplomatic approach toward Iran. At the same time, lawmakers more narrowly beat back a measure that would have tightened sanctions aimed at curbing progress in Tehran's nuclear...
U.S., Allies Await Iran's Response to Nuclear Offer
On June 6, six countries, including the United States, offered a new package of incentives and disincentives to Iran designed to persuade it to end its gas centrifuge-based uranium-enrichment program. As the month ended, Tehran was still studying the...
U.S., Allies End North Korea Reactor Project
The Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization's (KEDO) executive board announced June 1 that it had formally terminated its project to build a light-water nuclear reactor in North Korea.The organization's executive board, which is comprised of...
U.S.-Indian Deal Clears Congressional Hurdles
Key lawmakers gave their initial blessing at the end of June to a Bush administration initiative to expand civilian nuclear commerce with India, but reserved final judgment pending completion of detailed terms governing such trade. U.S. and Indian negotiators...
U.S., Russia Extend Threat Reduction Authority
The United States and Russia have renewed until 2013 an agreement governing U.S. programs to help Russia secure and eliminate its excess unconventional arms and nuclear materials. The extension occurred June 16, on the eve of the agreement's scheduled...
U.S. Sanctions Five Companies for Iran Trade
The United States June 13 cited one U.S. and four Chinese companies as allegedly assisting Iranian ballistic missile programs. Any entities doing business with these designated companies risk having their U.S. assets frozen.The recent moves flow from...