Economic Inquiry

Articles from Vol. 48, No. 3, July

Competition and Teacher Pay
I. INTRODUCTION Recent policy initiatives are increasing the degree of competition in primary and secondary education. The number of charter schools is growing at an astounding rate. Vouchers are available to eligible children in Florida, Utah,...
Dead on Arrival: Zero Tolerance Laws Don't Work
Why do college students drink so stupidly? Because drinking intelligently is against the law. --Jack Hitt, New York Times Magazine, October 1999 I. INTRODUCTION For two decades, U.S. drunk driving legislation has become increasingly strict...
Does Raiding Explain the Negative Returns to Faculty Seniority?
I. INTRODUCTION Economists have studied various aspects of faculty mobility. Research shows that turnover is greater among nonunion faculty (Rees 1994); female faculty average slightly more employers than male faculty (Barbezat and Hughes 2001;...
Does the River Spill over? Estimating the Economic Returns to Attending a Racially Diverse College
[T]he attainment of a diverse student body ... is a constitutionally permissible goal for an institution of higher education.... The atmosphere of 'speculation, experiment and creation'--so essential to the quality of higher education--is widely believed...
Employment and Deadweight Loss Effects of Observed Nonwage Labor Costs
I. INTRODUCTION Nonwage labor costs consist of several mandated benefits, health, training, accident, housing plans, as well as several taxes, and are intended to increase workers' welfare and job security. However, these benefits tend to come at...
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats and Seat Belts in Protecting Children from Injury
I. INTRODUCTION Motor vehicle crashes in the United States result in more than 45,000 deaths and an estimated 2.4 million disabling injuries each year (National Safety Council 2006). Restraint systems such as seat belts and airbags have been shown...
Home Computers and Educational Outcomes: Evidence from the NLSY97 and CPS
I. INTRODUCTION The federal government has made the provision of computer and Internet access to schoolchildren a top priority. Spending on the E-rate program, which provides discounts to schools and libraries for the costs of telecommunications...
Investing in Health: The Long-Term Impact of Head Start on Smoking
I. INTRODUCTION There is a strong evidence that early childhood socioeconomic conditions have long-term economic consequences, reinforcing and sustaining disparities over the lifecourse (1) This observation provides a compelling rationale for public...
IQ in the Production Function: Evidence from Immigrant Earnings
The cross-country growth literature (especially Sala-i-Martin 1997; Sala-i-Martin, Doppelhofer, and Miller 2004) has found that traditional education measures rarely have a robust relationship with growth and productivity--elementary education being...
Learning but Not Earning? the Impact of Job Corps Training on Hispanic Youth
I. INTRODUCTION Job Corps (JC) is a federally funded training program for disadvantaged youth aged 16-24 yr that provides educational and vocational training, life skills, and job placement services. With some exceptions, JC participants reside...
Male Marital Wage Differentials: Training, Personal Characteristics, and Fixed Effects
I. INTRODUCTION There is substantial evidence that married white men earn between 8% and 15% more than unmarried white men in the United States, even after controlling for education and informal job market experience (e.g., potential or actual experience)....
Peer Effects in Higher Education: Does the Field of Study Matter?
I. INTRODUCTION Understanding the nature and importance of peer group effects in education is crucial for education policy. Peer effects are relevant for school choice, tracking, affirmative action, selective admissions, and the sources of school...
Piece-Rate Contracts for Other-Regarding Workers
I. INTRODUCTION A wide array of experimental evidence suggests that individuals care not only about their own outcomes but the outcomes of their opponents as well; that is, individuals do not necessarily have "selfish" preferences and rather exhibit...
Quality of Available Mates, Education, and Household Labor Supply
I. INTRODUCTION This paper examines the effects of local quality sex ratios by metropolitan area and educational attainment on spouses' labor supply and bargaining power, using individual-level data from 2000, 1990, and 1980. There is evidence in...
The Early Bird Gets the Worm? Birth Order Effects in a Dynamic Family Model
The great advantage of living in a large family is that early lesson of life's essential unfairness. Nancy Mitford (http://www.quotegarden.com/ family.html) I. INTRODUCTION Birth order effects, well established in both the academic and the...
The Economic Roots of the American "Zigzag": Knives, Forks, and British Mercantilism
The castaways on Gilligan's Island encounter an ape-man named "TONGO" and prepare a meal for him. Mr. and Mrs. HOWELL set a proper dinner table and sit him down to teach some basic etiquette. MRS. HOWELL Now we'll see where he comes from. If...
The Effect of House Price on Fertility: Evidence from Hong Kong
I. INTRODUCTION The mechanism underlying the demographic transition coinciding with industrialization still remains an unresolved debate in economics and demography. Early contributions to the New Family Economics formulated the choice of fertility...
The Role of Hospital Competition on Treatment Expenditure and Outcome: Evidence from Stroke and Cardiac Treatment in Taiwan
I. INTRODUCTION In the past two decades, the landscape of the hospital industry worldwide has undergone a dramatic transformation. In the United States, the number of acute hospital beds fell by 12% between 1988 and 1998, of which 40% was due to...

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.