Alcohol Health & Research World

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 2, 1994

Biological State Markers of Alcohol Abuse
Biological markers are among the most promising tools for the early diagnosis and treatment of alcohol-related problems. A biological marker is generally an abnormal result of a blood test or other laboratory analysis, indicating the presence of an abnormal...
Detecting Alcohol-Related Problems in Trauma Center Patients
Alcohol-related impairment has been linked to an array of serious and fatal injuries resulting from various mechanisms of injury, including traffic crashes, falls, domestic violence, suicide, and assault. Most victims of trauma are treated in a hospital...
Effectiveness of Treatment in General Medicine Patients with Drinking Problems
Alcohol is the most frequently used and abused substance in the United States. Eighty percent of adult Americans drink some alcohol (Clark and Midanik 1982), and as many as 20 percent of Americans either are experiencing alcohol-related social, legal,...
Medical Education in Alcohol and Other Drugs: Curriculum Development for Primary Care
Significant progress has been made during the past two decades in the development of curriculum materials for medical education in the field of alcohol and other drugs. The development of these materials has followed various trends in medical education,...
Prevalence of Screening for Alcohol Use by Physicians during Routine Physical Examinations
This Epidemiologic Bulletin examines the screening of patients for alcohol consumption by physicians during routine office visits. Screening is a medical procedure designed to identify a treatable disease. preferably in its early or presymptomatic stage....
Screening Patients for Alcohol Problems in Primary Health Care Settings
Patients who seek general medical care have a high rate of alcohol problems;(1) this means primary care health professionals are usually the first to discover that their patients may have harmful drinking habits (Magruder-Habib et al. 1991). According...
The Family Physician
Alcohol-related disorders are among the most common medical disorders family physicians encounter in their practices (Brown 1992). Family physicians have developed many of the skills practiced by internists, obstetricians, psychiatrists, pediatricians,...
The General Internist
Alcoholism(1) has a significant impact on the practice of general internal medicine (Barnes et al. 1987; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [NIAAA] 1990; Institute of Medicine [IOM] 1990; Fleming and Barry 1992). In the advanced disease,...
The Need for Alcohol Abuse-Related Education in Nursing Curricula
Primary care includes providing patients with guidelines and information for maintaining good health as well as providing the screening, diagnosis, intervention, and treatment of basic health problems, including alcohol abuse and dependence. Nurses play...
The Obstetrician/gynecologist
The obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) is, in a sense, the primary health care provider for many women of all ages. These specialists see patients for annual routine examinations and pre-and postnatal visits and often serve as counselors for questions...
The Pediatrician
Pediatricians deliver health services to patients from birth to 21 of age. This puts pediatricians in an ideal position to educate children, adolescents, and families about the risks and problems associated with alcohol and other drug use as well as...
The Primary Care Practitioner's Role in the Prevention and Management of Alcohol Problems
Primary care practitioners encounter a spectrum (figure 1) of alcohol-related problems.(Figure 1 omitted) At one end are patients with severe alcohol dependence; at the other end are patients with hazardous patterns of alcohol consumption but no identifiable...
The Role of Nurses in Primary Care: Managing Alcohol-Abusing Patients
Primary health care is more than community-based health care or primary medical care. It is "the first level of contact of individuals with the health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the...

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