Artforum International

An international contemporary art magazine covering sculpture, painting, mixed media, and installation works, as well as architecture, music, and popular culture. Includes artist interviews and reviews of individual artists and/or galleries; reviews of fi

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 5, January

Allan Mccollum
How does an art object encapsulate meaning? What is unique, and what is a copy? These questions have driven Allan McCollum's work since the '70s. His recent show--the result of a three-year project sponsored by the University of South Florida and undertaken...
Arturo Herrera
Arturo Herrera's cryptic work coaxes us deep into psychological woods, where, like the children in the fairy tales that inspire him, we're forced to rely on instinct and imagination to find our way. In the wall painting, photographs, works on paper,...
"Aussendienst"
In the last two decades, "art in public spaces" has increasingly served as an opportunity for large-scale exhibitions in the center city. Tourism has been introduced to contemporary art, and art has in turn taken its place in the calendar of events....
Billy Al Bengston
As this well-chosen minisurvey made clear, Billy Al Bengston will be a central figure in revisionist accounts of '60s painting. Not only is his work of the period located at the productive intersection of Color Field and Pop, a convergence explored...
Botto & Bruno
The urban landscapes of Gianfranco Botto and Roberta Bruno start from the on-site inspection of realities common to the peripheries of many Italian cities. Abandoned factories, crumbling schools, and empty, desolate places are invariable characteristics...
Cindy Sherman
Cindy Sherman's oeuvre is expanding in both directions--not just forward in time, but backward as well. We have always been told that her work begins in 1977, with "Untitled Film Stills," the series that occupied her through 1980. (Although the '97...
Circus Circus
WHILE THE LAS VEGAS STRIP is home to a facsimile of Manhattan, a faux Paris, and an ersatz Venice, the avenue's newest addition, believe it or not, will be a real museum: the latest branch of the Solomon R. Guggenheim. Even stranger, in a second venture...
Clouds Part
LOS ANGELES ARCHITECT Frank O. Gehry's voluptuous designs for the new downtown Manhattan headquarters of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum have often been described as "cloudlike." With its sweeping, expressive forms, the massive building that will...
Dark Sleeper
Anybody lucky enough to have seen Truth and Fantasy, the 1994 traveling exhibition of Goya's small paintings, will never forget this Gulliverian voyage to the artist's terrifyingly diminutive planet, where the plenitude of human folly, from rape and...
Donald Moffett
Hands up, all those who find the Ten Commandments irrational, inconsistent, and scary. OK, not killing is an excellent basic principle, but should one's neighbor happen to have a really superb ass, let's say, is it so very wrong to covet it? Are the...
Efrain Almeida
The installation of new works (all 2000) by the young Brazilian artist Efrain Almeida, mounted in the gallery mezzanine, played on the symmetry between works shown on two facing walls. From each of these sprang two wooden hummingbirds captured as if...
Elena del Rivero and Tere Recarens
After meeting in New York, the Spanish artists Elena del Rivero and Tere Recarens decided to work collaboratively, bringing together their distinct methods and personalities to the various works. "In Love (Entredos)" (In Love [in between]), the result...
Elisa Sighicelli
The Turin-born, London-based photographer Elisa Sighicelli looks for signs of the numinous in empty and desultory spaces. For her recent series "Santiago" (all works 2000), she visited Santiago de Compostela, the most important pilgrimage site in Spain,...
Fatimah Tuggar
While the expansion of cyberspace continues at breakneck speed, one tends to forget that, overall, less than percent of the world's population has access to the Internet. The result is what critic Olu Oguibe has called a new set of "forsaken geographies"...
Gelatin
Four Austrians have been making appearances under the label "Gelatin" for the past five years. They have been engaged by music clubs and invited to participate in theater festivals; they have made commissioned "percent for art" pieces and staged their...
Gilles and Them
ONLY ONCE IN MY LIFE have I contributed to a publication that sold out virtually as it rolled off the press. OK, so my essay didn't exactly move the merchandise. What did were the people who designed it, the French duo of Michael Amzalag and Mathias...
Giuseppe Gabellone
The first solo museum exhibitration of the work of Giuseppe Gabellone originated in France, at the FRAC Limousin. Here the show was adapted to the space of an eighteenth-century palazzo, but with only ten pieces, the selection hardly did justice to...
Henri Michaux
Looking at Henri Michaux's drawings, I can't help but think of D.W. Winnicott's squiggle games. The pediatrician-psychoanalyst would draw a line on a piece of paper, his young patient would draw one in response, and so on, until some image or other...
International Shorts Preview
HAVE ALL THE GREAT OLD BODY artists given up on raw, in-person performance? Not really, but even those who have bring a special sense of immediacy to their work in other media. The Arnolfini in Bristol is focusing on a couple of classic American performance...
Jacqueline Cooper
The buxom women in Jacqueline Cooper's recent paintings inhabit a world culled from some unknown opera set in a Nordic region that seems both storybook distant and close enough to be just behind the nearest S&M club. The only contrast to the coolness...
Jail Bard
GRAHAM FULLER ON BEFORE NIGHT FALLS Julian Schnabel's decision to follow his elliptical 1996 biopic of Jean-Michel Basquiat with a film about Cuban writer Reinaldo Arenas might intimate a morbid allegiance to the cult of the dead artist. But beyond...
Jakob Kolding
Architecture and urban planning as the design and organization of social space, as an intersection of the aesthetic and the social-these are the central themes of Jakob Kolding's works on paper. Kolding's collages (all works 2000), grouped in sequences...
Jeff Koons
When I saw Jeff Koons's new paintings, my initial thoughts turned to their presentation--the timing couldn't have been better. These painted collages--exhibited to great effect, thanks to their billboard format, in the claustrophobic spaces of the...
Jennifer Steinkamp
Time: late night, 1970s. Scene: a party leaving Halston's Paul Rudolph--designed town house for the newly opened Studio 54. "Sterling St. Jacques kissed Mrs. Vreeland twice. He told her that she had to come to Studio 54. 'It's very futuristic,' he...
Joseph Kosuth
In an interview a couple of years ago, Joseph Kosuth lamented that although his work is "in the collections of all the major museums," he has "never had the support of collectors." Instead, he said, his art had become "dissertation fodder," more frequently...
Karl Wirsum
Still impish after all these years, Karl Wirsum's whimsical trove of figural invention continues to mesmerize. He's been at it since the '60s, this meticulous yet goofy rearticulation of the figure into brightly painted flat pattern, performing a tour...
Kith and Ken
Dolls and their houses have agendas. As any child lucky enough to be given a dollhouse can tell you, once the treasure is set on its playroom plot, her (or his) favorite dollies must fit comfortably through the door or face exile in a neglected kid's-room...
Lordy Rodriguez
Imagine Texas situated on the eastern seaboard, New Mexico boasting the charms of Eau Claire, Little Rock, and New Haven, Oklahoma forming the southern border of Canada, and Kansas with many ports. This is the United States of America according to...
Matthew Ritchie
Don't think of Matthew Ritchie's work as painting, exactly. It's more a collection of grandiose narrative schemata and possibly crackpot notions involving science, theology, information theory, and who knows what else. Sure, painted canvases play a...
Merce Cunningham
It should come as no surprise that Merce Cunningham's drawings demonstrate an extraordinary talent for catching the tiniest ripple of a muscle, or that his hand so deftly manipulates the shapes of moving objects on a plain white surface. Yet his collection...
Noble Salvage
RICHARD SHONE ON HENRI ROUSSEAU NAIF, PRIMITIVE, A SUNDAY PAINTER, childlike, a natural--these are some of the words long used to categorize Henri Rousseau and his work. All have been disputed, and none will do alone. But taken together, they give...
Olafur Eliasson
Natural elements and industrial materials meld in the work of Icelandic installation artist Olafur Eliasson. Arctic moss and strobe lights, running water and steel are not so much juxtaposed as placed on a continuum, where the organic and the man-made...
Outsider In
On November 21, the Bienal Foundation of Sao Paulo confirmed the appointment of German Alfons Hug as curator of the 25th Bienal, scheduled for April 2002--the first time a non-Brazilian has helmed the event. But given the crisis that has rocked the...
Peter Pommerer
Without mutual trust this exhibition might not have been possible. The Galerie Gebauer left its rooms to Stuttgart artist Peter Pommerer so that he could spend three weeks filling them with large-format wall drawings--knowing full well that, given...
Pop Art Revisited
VARIOUS VENUES Back in the '6os, I used to think that Pop art had sprung, fully formed, from the head of Leo Castelli at 4 East Seventy-seventh Street and that its shocking, larger-than-life newness was the birthright of an exclusive club whose...
Preview U.S. Shorts
IN THE VAST POST-FORMALIST LAND-scape, a Robinsonade: Artists wandering the shifting sands of digital reality create their own oases in "Comfort: Reclaiming Place in a Virtual World" (Mar. 9-May 20). Curated by Kristin Chambers at the Cleveland Center...
"Protest & Survive"
Originally a slogan of the fight for nuclear disarmament, the phrase "protest and survive" was hijacked by the curatorial team of Matthew Higgs and Paul Noble for an energetically eclectic exhibition featuring work from some forty American and European...
Sarah Sze
As if painting in space with everyday objects, Sarah Sze endows her elaborately theatrical installations with a delicately humorous poignancy that counteracts all the gee-whiz grandiosity. In their logic of clutter and accumulation, the artist's earlier...
Stephan Balkenhol
There's no divorcing the figure from the base in Stephan Balkenhol's sculptures. If these ordinary guys, his most frequent subjects, were plunked directly on the floor, they would disappear in the crowd. As it is, they acquire a quirky prestige by...
Suzanne Mcclelland
There's no way to synthesize Florine Stettheimer's florid fancies with the turbulent energy of Jackson Pollock, and why would anyone want to anyway? Doing just that, Suzanne McClelland's new paintings put the impossible at the service of the unreasonable....
Take First
A feature on new artists? It's the oldest trick in the art-magazine book: Ring in the new with a preview of "fresh faces" and "raw talent" to watch in the year to come. If the conceit seems, well, a bit '90s, we nonetheless gave in to time-honored...
The Big Picture
CEREBRAL SEER OR CYNICAL CELEBRANT? HOW DOES THE ART OF ANDREAS GURSKY STAND IN RELATION TO THE GLOBALIZING, LATE-PHASE-CONSUMERIST MOMENT HIS SPECTACULAR PHOTOGRAPHS REFLECT, REFRACT, AND RECONSTITUTE? IN ANTICIPATION OF THE GERMAN ARTIST'S UPCOMING...
"The School of London and Their Friends"
R.B. Kitaj coined the phrase "School of London" in 1976, and although no one really knows what it means, the label stuck, especially after a touring exhibition in the late '80s and an unrelated book both used it as a title. Broadly speaking, the School...
"Transparence, Opacite?"
Caution: An exhibition of fourteen contemporary Chinese artists curated by a French philosopher specializing in Byzantine doctrines on the icon is likely to be about something more than the works presented. Indeed, the key element of the title "Transparence,...
Wolfgang Laib
Wolfgang Laib, whose largest US retrospective to date began its tour at the Hirshhorn in October, is an artist of particular import for a historical moment when "sensation" and "brilliance" have become merely hyperbolic synonyms for "the new." What...
Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono entered mainstream consciousness in the late '60s and was quickly branded an interloper. Never mind that by the time she met John Lennon in 1966 (at the opening of her solo show at the Indica Gallery in London), she had already caught the...
Zush
In the '70s and '80s, Zush showed widely not only in Spain but also internationally (for instance, in Documenta 6, 1977). More recently, he's distanced himself from public activity in museums and art spaces, primarily because of his ever-growing dedication...
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