Artforum International

An international contemporary art magazine covering sculpture, painting, mixed media, and installation works, as well as architecture, music, and popular culture. Includes artist interviews and reviews of individual artists and/or galleries; reviews of fi

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 1, September

47th Venice Biennale
As historians like to remind us, Venice is sinking. And if the Biennale is any indication, it's disappearing faster than anyone suspected. Sure, the city and its treasures probably have a few good centuries left in them, but its greatest accomplishment...
Alberto Garutti
GALLERIA GALLIANI A series of lightbulbs on the gallery wall lit up when anyone entered a room on the other side, while in another small room, a slab of red crystal threw a red shadow that filled the space. A third work resembled a hinged and jointed...
Albuquerque Mendes
GALERIA CANVAS & CO. Albuquerque Mendes came to painting after having been involved with performance since the mid '70s. Combining the vivid, expressive colors of traditional Portuguese folk art with aspects of conceptual artmaking, his work can...
Andrea Robbins & Max Becher
BASILICO FINE ARTS There can be no doubt about the incisive precision - worthy of the best work of Walker Evans - with which Andrea Robbins & Max Becher edited and sequenced their latest collaboration, a 1994 series of scarcely thirteen photographs...
Andrew Sabin
HENRY MOORE STUDIO You're unlikely to find a sign saying "Do not touch" next to an installation by Andrew Sabin. Sabin's in the business of creating physical obstacles that have to be pushed past, slipped through, stumbled over, or climbed. His last...
Back to School
About ten year ago, the venerable New York alternative space P.S. I began to think about a major renovation of its building - a huge, brick, former public school built in the nineteenth century, and improbably located in Long Island City, Queens. Recently,...
Bracha Lichtenberg-Ettinger
GALERIE CLAUDE SAMUEL For more than a decade, Bracha Lichtenberg-Ettinger has borne witness to the most overwhelming event of our century - the Holocaust. Born in Israel and a resident of France since 1982, Lichtenberg-Ettinger has modestly, and little...
Brett Reichman
RENA BRANSTEN GALLERY A recurring leitmotif of much recent art is a vision of childhood as paradise lost, in which toys, stuffed animals, and even children themselves seem to have run amok. Often the impetus for this kind of work appears to be a kind...
Bruce Conner
KOHN TURNER GALLERY Bruce Conner's latest show conjured the ghosts of Edgar Allen Poe, William Blake, and Max Ernst. Spanning nearly a decade, the works (which ranged from 1987 to '96) were divided, by methodology, into two categories: inkblot drawings...
Charting of Course
Given the current popularity of "globalism," it's no surprise that the Johannesburg and Kwangju Biennales are uncannily similar. Both were inaugurated in 1995 and both attempt to map the emergence of hybrid cultures and identities as national boundaries...
Chris Ofili
Like many esteemed artists before him, Chris Ofili knows that shit's a great signifier. His trademark boulders of resin-coated elephant dung protrude from the ornate surfaces of his paintings and sometimes even support his canvases like the ball-and-claw...
Claude Wampler
P. S. 122 One of the more interesting performances this season was Claude Wampler's Blanket, The Surface of Her, not only because this thirty-one-year-old artist comes to the stage with training in numerous performance techniques - ballet, Butoh, opera,...
First We Take Bilbao
Last summer, as workers were putting the finishing touches on the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, local booksellers were offering two accounts of how an American-run institution had come to stand in the heart of Basque country. One, Guggenheim Bilbao: Cronica...
Frederick Kiesler
IVAM While "Frederick Kiesler 1890-1965" suggested how arduous and ultimately futile it can be to attempt to classify the work of certain artists, this show also demonstrated how utilitarian, rationalist, and money-oriented approaches to modern art...
Head Turners
When Malcolm Morley was awarded the first Turner Prize in 1984, the British public complained it had never heard of him; in 1987, when I was on the jury, the fan clubs of Patrick Caulfield and of Richard Long made it quite clear that the winner, Richard...
Hiroshi Sugimoto
SONNABEND GALLERY In Hiroshi Sugimoto's seascapes, action, what there is of it, transpires in the subtle play between opposites. In each photograph, change and stasis, clarity and fog, detail and totality oscillate, creating a theater of "non-happening,"...
James Galanos
LACMA The work of James Galanos rips apart the now-tired dichotomy of fashion/art at the seams by showing that fashion has its own concerns, its own complexities, for which there are few artistic equivalents - trying repeatedly to pattern one on the...
James Hyde
PAOLO BALDACCI GALLERY Like Donald Judd before him, James Hyde strategically shifts the terrain of painting from that of a surface (normally a rectangle) to that of a volume (that is, a box). Unlike his celebrated predecessor, Hyde seems wedded to the...
James White and Tim Sheward
CASEY KAPLAN Just do it. That's what Nike says. James White and Tim Sheward - former assistants to another British art duo, Gilbert & George - heard, and were moved to create a sweet little homage to that ongoing Brit obsession, the trainer (known...
Johnny Wakes
James Lee Byars died in the Anglo-American Hospital in Cairo late on the night of May 22 or early in the morning of May 23, 1997. Cancer had planted flags of occupation in his body for several years, and finally claimed it all. Toward the end he said...
Keith Haring
The cranky reaction of certain critics to the Keith Haring retrospective - in The New Yorker, Kurt Andersen remarked that Haring's "barking dogs, glowing babies, and jaunty everypeople are not much more than pleasant downtown wallpaper" - is reminiscent...
Little D Big X: Documenta X, the Artforum Questionnaire
"What can be the meaning and purpose of documenta today, at the close of this century, when similar largerscale exhibitions have been called into question, and often for very good reasons?" Curator Catherine David asks this question in the short guide...
Manuel Neri
CORCORAN GALLERY With the large number of Neri's works on prominent display at the Corcoran, and a hefty full-color catalogue, the recent "Manuel Neri: Early Work, 1953-1978," shown together with an exhibition of five of his recent marble sculptures,...
Marilyn Minter
XAVIER LABOULBENNE GALLERY In Marilyn Minter's new paintings "cosmetics" is the metaphorical terrain on which feminist interests (the representation of women, the topos of "the beauty myth") and pictorial questions intersect. But more conspicuous are...
Mimi Smith
ANNA KUSTERA GALLERY Cross Meret Oppenheim with Barbara Kruger and you come real dose to the acute feminism of Mimi Smith's art of apparel. A welcome reprise of the excellent survey curated three years ago by Judith Tannenbaum at Philadelphia's Institute...
Nadezda Prvulovic
ART ET INDUSTRIE Entitled "United," this engaging exhibition comprised six monumental gouaches on paper on canvas selected from Nadezda Prvulovic's series of paintings depicting steel blast furnaces. The series, which dates from the early '80s, was...
"Narrative Urge." (Video Art Exhibit at the Lombard Freid Fine Arts, New York)
LOMBARD FREID FINE ARTS Though curator Catsou Roberts' stated aim in "Narrative Urge" was to present work that compelled the viewer to "assembl[e] the narrative fragments and assign meaning within the structure of the work," this goal immediately ran...
On the Waterfront
Weeks before the launch of the fiftieth Cannes Film Festival, the competition lineup was eliciting groans: By midfest, finding a film that generated passionate support was like securing a parking space on the Croisette, Cannes' waterfront main drag....
Perry Hoberman
POSTMASTERS GALLERY As noted in another publication, the title of Perry Hoberman's recent show, "Sorry We're Open," wryly commented on the flight of many galleries from SoHo and on the neighborhood's ongoing mall-ification. But if the SoHo crowd is...
Ralf Berger
GALERIE LUIS CAMPANA At first glance the gallery space seemed devoid of art objects, although you could hear an irritating, ear-numbing drilling sound. Turning to find the source of the din, however, you discovered a video monitor hanging below the...
Robert Fones
S.L. SIMPSON Robert Fones' latest show finds him mapping out fresh territory into his investigation of the history and problematics of letterforms. The exhibition comprised two distinct sets of works: "Lathed Letterforms," 1997, a series of sculptures...
Roberto Barni
PALAZZO FABRONI This Roberto Barni retrospective, which included paintings, drawings, and sculptures from 1960 to the present, was splendidly organized by Alberto Boatto, a critic and writer who has followed Barni's work for a number of years. The show's...
Santiago Sierra
ART & IDEA In his native Spain, Santiago Sierra's stylish production took the form of post-Minimalist intervention (e.g. digging the floor of a medieval-cloister-turned-contemporary-art-space, or covering a gallery with pristine aluminum billboard...
"Sculpture Projects in Munster." (Art Exhibit)
When Tony Smith famously attempted in 1966 to come to terms with the radical changes imminent in sculptural production and perception, he pointed to two seemingly unrelated examples of highly overdetermined social spaces: one a site of the future, a...
Stephan Balkenhol
BARBARA GLADSTONE GALLERY Stephan Balkenhol revives the medieval genre of painted, hand-carved wooden sculpture in order to create contemporary allegories. Like religious figures in cathedrals, his Urfiguren are public monuments with a moral message...
Sweet Illusion
Vik Muniz's Sigmund, 1997, is a five-by-four-foot color photograph of a drawing made with chocolate syrup on a five-by-four-inch piece of white plastic. Muniz used a view camera mounted on a copy stand to take the photograph, a straight pin to draw the...
"The Crystal Stopper." (Art Exhibit of Various Artists at the Lehmann Maupin, New York)
LEHMANN MAUPIN In the '80s, both the art market and the institutions that supported it expressed a sudden interest in the marginal, embracing a plethora of critical viewpoints on race, class, and gender. What was political and social in art was also...
This Is Now: Becoming Robert Rauschenberg
In one of the essays that follow, Dave Hickey invites us to imagine the '50s and '60s without Robert Rauschenberg. His point: it's not easy to do. When an artist's work is so inseparably a part of the times, it's difficult to recall the "becoming" -...
Thomas Schutte
MARIAN GOODMAN GALLERY Though Thomas Schutte and Stephan Balkenhol have much in common - they have been "competitors" since each was chosen for the 1987 "Munster Sculpture Project" - Schutte has stridently disputed any link to Balkenhol's sculpture....
Tiong Ang
GALERIE LUMEN TRAVO The young Dutch artist Tiong Ang has worked in various media, including painting, video, photographs, text, and installations. In his recent show he placed three small, unobtrusive TV monitors on the floor at a distance from each...
Tony Smith
PAULA COOPER GALLERY Tony Smith's Moondog, 1964, consists of extended polyhedral columns (the "legs" are octahedral; the top, tetrahedral) assembled in a structure that, according to the artist, "relates to Japanese and Korean lanterns." Though Smith...
Wild Palmes
As everybody knows, the best parties happen all by themselves. Nonetheless, the organizers of the Cannes Film Festival seemed compelled to plan exactly how they'd celebrate 1997 (supposedly Cannes' fiftieth anniversary, but actually the fiftieth festival,...

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.