Artforum International

An international contemporary art magazine covering sculpture, painting, mixed media, and installation works, as well as architecture, music, and popular culture. Includes artist interviews and reviews of individual artists and/or galleries; reviews of fi

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 1, September

Adrian Schiess
KUNSTHALLE At the last Documenta, Adrian Schiess' "flat works" were installed in the windows of temporary buildings. Schiess avoids any traces of personal style by using an industrial method to paint his surfaces. Painted on aluminum plates with automobile...
"Altered." (Rudolf Schwarzkogler, Austrian Cultural Institute, New York, New York)
AUSTRIAN CULTURAL INSTITUTE Everyone seems to know by now that Rudolf Schwarzkogler did not actually kill himself by cutting his penis off in slices during an Aktion, and yet you will read no text about the Austrian artist that does not relish in either...
Andrea Belag
RICHARD ANDERSON FINE ARTS Broad horizontal stripes, alternately light and dark and predominantly in blue, earth tones, and white, dominate most of Andrea Belag's recent paintings. The colors seem to have been imprinted in thin, variable layers on the...
Ange Leccia/Jean-Luc Vilmouth
GALERIE DE PARIS A long metallic fish, floating above the viewer, undulated regularly, obstinately toward the back wall, as if magnetized by the chaotic procession of incandescent images illuminating the surrounding darkness. This primordial and volcanic...
Anne and Patrick Poirier
MUSEUM MODERNER KUNST Anne and Patrick Poirier's work first became known in the early '70s as "preservation of evidence." This retrospective, some twenty years later, was well-situated for two reasons: Vienna is a "historical" city, reflecting the glitter...
"Asia/America." (Asia Society, New York, New York)
ASIA SOCIETY Presenting the work of 20 artists hailing from eight different Asian nations, "Asia/America: Identities in Contemporary AsianAmerican Art" was an articulate response to the failure of the art world to adopt a truly multicultural agenda....
Barbara Kruger
MARY BOONE GALLERY In her recent installation Barbara Kruger used the royal "we" to subjugate, threaten, and harass "you." That "we" was given an audible Big Brother voice--male, of course--coolly meting out invective in a brilliantly mixed soundtrack...
Carolee Schneemann
PENINE-HART GALLERY With a knack for identifiying and then violating taboos, Carolee Schneemann makes work that gets inexorably under your skin. During the "sexual revolution, her performance piece Meat Joy, 1964, reveled in appetites of and for the...
Cy Was Here; Cy's Up
THIS MONTH THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, NEW YORK, OPENS THE SEASON WITH "CY TWOMBLY: A RETROSPECTIVE." AS THE PAINTINGS GO UP, TWO WRITERS SIZE UP THE ARTIST'S CONTRIBUTION. Who's Right? So who's right, do you think? Roland Barthes, or all the others who've...
David Hammons
WILLIAMS COLLEGE MUSEUM OF ART David Hammons is a dedicated poacher. Whether taking snow from the streets of Harlem to make and sell snowballs, hair from the floors of barber shops, chicke wings from take-out restaurants, or Night Train bottles tossed...
Dietrich Orth
DAVID ZWIRNER GALLERY For Dietrich Orth, art yields redemption in its most minimal forms: personal satisfaction, dignity, and a generally positive mindset. His circumspect yet intensely evocative paintings--which often take the form of quasi-mystical...
Fine Young Cannibal: Fabian Marcaccio
Fabian Marcaccio fossilizes painting, preserving its body without admitting tha it is completely dead. He uses the most traditional elements of painting--ground, brushstroke, color, frame--in ways that both acknowledge thei histories and negate them....
Fiona Rae
JOHN GOOD GALLERY The much-anticipated solo debut of this abstract painter from London underscore the fundamental difference between an artist whose work stands out in the context of a group show and one who maintains our interest throughout an exhibition....
"For Our Own Pleasure." (YYZ Gallery, Toronto, Ontario)
YYZ The Orientalism that has framed Asian women's sexuality was addressed by some o the Asian diaspora artists in "For Our Own Pleasure" in the alternately witty and fatigued tones of deconstruction. Their works provided the support for the more perilous...
From B to B on A Again
HAVING DRAWN NEARLY his last breath, Pennsylvania native W. C. Fields looked th Grim Reaper in the eye and quipped the transcendent epitaph, "On the whole, I'd rather be in Philadelphia." On the occasion of the recent opening of the Andy Warhol Museum...
Gilles Ehrmann
CENTRE PHOTOGRAPHIQUE D'ILE DE FRANCE Gilles Ehrmann is certainly not an unknown photographer--witness this retrospective, which was first presented at the prestigious "Rencontres internationales de la photographie" in Arles last summer. But it is no...
Grazia Toderi
GALLERIA FAC-SIMILE "There was something of the fairy in her, and nothing is more unbearable, to judge from fairy tales, than living with a fairy." Grazia Toderi uses this phrase, taken from Marguerite Yourcenar, as the title for two of her works. Toderi...
Helmut Federle
PETER BLUM The surprise of Helmut Federle's exhibition was not his exquisite geometrical abstractions but what surrounded them: an icon of the Feast of the Intercession of the Virgin made in Novgorod in the late 15th century, Ferdinand Hodler's Die...
Hollis Sigler
SUSAN CUMMINS GALLERY In "Not Many Rest Stops," Hollis Sigler presented uninhabited landscapes and interiors filled with modern-day memento mori. Resembling nothing so much as th scenery and props of a tragedy-in-progress, the elements of Sigler's elaboratel...
Ilya Kabakov: 'Answers of an Experimental Group.'
It was in the mid '70s, shortly after I moved from Leningrad to Moscow, that I met Ilya Kabakov and first saw his work. In those days Kabakov belonged to the "unofficial" Moscow art scene, and the work of "unofficial" artists could only be viewed by...
Irreplaceable Hue
By the mid '70s, Color Field painting was self-evidently passe. In his classic essays on the "white cube," Brian O'Doherty hardly needed argue his assertion that the art Clement Greenberg and Michael Fried championed as the crescendoed triumph of Modernism...
Jackie Ferrara
MICHAEL KLEIN INC. In her most recent exhibition, "Wallworks & Tableworks," Jackie Ferrara presented small-scale, rationalist wooden constructions. Built from layers of horizontal wooden slats, each of these seven works formed a pristine communal...
Jack Pierson
LUHRING AUGUSTINE WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART Check in to jackness as into a hotel, because the jack in Jack Pierson has the same Schiaparelli dazzle as the jack in Jackie O., deep-lilac perfume of tragedy, too; spunk of jacking-off and of Jack Russell...
Jason Rhoades
ROSAMUND FELSEN GALLERY Not satisfied with the visionary and the genius, the '70s art world began marketing a new line of action hero, a kind of AWOL G.I. Joe who staged reckles experiments using improper materials (polyurethane, loaded guns, raw meat)...
Jenny Holzer
BARBARA GLADSTONE GALLERY Ludicrously disproportionate to its quarters, Jenny Holzer's uncanny, hulking construction gobbled up all available space, fostering a sense of claustrophobi in no way diminished by the impossibility of grasping its overall...
Joe Ziolkowski
SPACE GALLERY For his "Numbered Series," 1988-, Joe Ziolkowski suspended more than 100 people upside down against a blank backdrop in his studio, photographing their nude torsos from the navel up. With this simple 180 degree reversal, Ziolkowski managed...
Jose Maldonado
GALERIA JUANA MORDO Jose Maldonado's exhibition cast itself as a "version" of the famous play by Calderon de la Barca, El Gran Teatro del Mundo (The great world theater, ca. 1640) which inspired both Walter Benjamin and Hugo von Hofmannsthal. Like Jorge...
Julio Galan
MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART MUSEUM OF MODERN ART Julio Galan's inventive mix of Mexican kitsch and contemporary pictorial styles has won him international attention for nearly a decade. An early but timely retrospective of this work unified what have...
Karen Finley
KIM LIGHT GALLERY Karen Finley's exhibition "St. Kilda" presented an assortment of works that dealt with bereavement and the regressive, helpless condition it can reduce us to. In Written in Sand, 1992-94, a memorial installation first shown at HallWalls...
Lady Pretty Lady Fine
MY MOTHER NEVER LIKED Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis. She thought she was a "sly"--a combination, I believe, of "too big for her britches" and "foreign." M mother loved John Fitzgerald Kennedy, "Jack," the godlike exemplar of Irish-American, Boston-Catholic...
Louise Bourgeois
BROOKLYN MUSEUM NEW YORK What are the main currents of contemporary art? And what artists serve as the most visible and influential conduits for these currents? These are the questions raised by the Brooklyn Museum's recent exhibition "Louise Bourgeois:...
Madrid Letter
I started to be convinced things were changing in Madrid when I visited the cit at the end of last year. For months conversations had been littered with references to "the crisis." When I asked some young architects how this famous crisis was faring,...
Michael Joo
NORDANSTAD GALLERY PETZEL/BORGMANN GALLERY Though the title of Michael Joo's installation, Salt Transfer Cycle, 1993-94, suggested a neat scientific diagram, the artist offered a complex, disjunctive work. Several videos, one of which was projected...
Michele Blondel
FINE ARTS CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS The 19 sculptures and installation pieces (ranging from 1986 to 1992) that comprised this exhibition reflected Michele Blondel's unique mixture of feminis Catholic liturgy and tongue-in-cheek humor. Its...
Nancy Evans
SUE SPAID FINE ART There are several independent painters working in L.A. who do strange things an don't give a rat's ass about the worldwide hit parade. Or if they do, the parad never went around their block and they learned to live without it. This...
Nicole Eisenman
JACK TILTON GALLERY Oxymoronic when institutionally sanctioned and otherwise just plain moronic, th "bad girl" moniker went from epithet to epitaph in less than the allotted 15 minutes. Nevertheless, the trajectory of the term--from the pejorative to...
Nuts about Pittsburgh
A BRIEF BUT UNCOMFORTABLE flight from Newark to Pittsburgh last May saw me to the opening of the Andy Warhol Museum, epicenter of the international art world at least for a weekend. Checking in at my hotel, an existentially uneasy but otherwise presentable...
Peter Fend
MARC JANCOU GALLERY Alternately Mr. Passionately-Disposed-Man-with-a-Plan or the all-time Olympian Nerd, Peter Fend's presence on the shop floor enables him to constitute his scenario as a series of "multiple originals," turning a potentially static...
Peter Monnig
REGIONAL MUSEUM Individual cultures intermingle, combine, develop in parallel, but one thing connects all of them: the breathtaking speed of technological progress in communication. Through communications technology ancient Egypt reaches us together...
Renee Green
PAT HEARN GALLERY How is taste made and unmade? Renee Green addressed this question in her most recent project Taste Venue, 1994, by seeking to don multiple hats--cultural anthropologist, gallerist, social historian, esthetician, booking agent, curator,...
Richard Long
SPERONE WESTWATER Because Richard Long's work is more a consistent, ongoing activity than a collection of objects, mounting an exhibition of that work is necessarily problematic. The gallery context turns Long's art into merely another formal exercise...
Roberto Barni
MUSEO MARINO MARINI "Disegni e sculture"(Drawings and sculpture) brought together some one hundred of Roberto Barni's pieces dating from 1980 to the present. This title is less minimal, less banal than one might think. It refers to the duality of drawing...
Roman Opalka
NATIONAL GALERIE In 1965, when he was living in Warsaw, Roman Opalka developed the radical concept of OPALKA 1965/1--that has taken the form of over 180 'details' in paintings, photographs, and audio tapes. Opalka himself describes his method as follows:...
Size Down
The eminence granted Cy Twombly by our era's leading art critic, the auction market, bothers me. I tend to accept the market's long-term judgment as the mos sensible gauge we have--allowing for a sanity lag of twenty or so years--of art's relative values...
Spleen Dreams
Chaque epoque reve la suivante . . . consciousness or unconsciousness cannot simply depict it as a dream, but responds to it in equal measure with desire an fear. Theodor Adorno, letter to Waiter Benjamin, 1935, in Aesthetics and Politics Out on tour...
The Kings and I
In the academic family romance, many studies and movements can claim the authorship of Klaus Theweleit. His Male Fantasies--a two-volume German best-seller from the '70s, published in English by the University of Minnesota Press in 1987 and 1989--was...
Visible Means of Support
OF BRAZILIAN ART HE CURATED LAST APRIL UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE SAO PAULO BIENAL. AGUILAR, AN ART HISTORIAN AND FORMER ART CRITIC FOR THE INFLUENTIAL BRAZILIAN DAILY FOLHA DE SAO PAULO, WAS NAMED CURATOR GENERAL OF THE XXII BIENAL IN JUNE OF '92. AT...
Weather Report
As expected, the Americans rose below the occasion of the World Cup. For most o this year blase sports columnists had exhausted our patience with explanations of the country's immunity to soccer. As in two world wars, the Yanks had had to be wooed and...