Artforum International

An international contemporary art magazine covering sculpture, painting, mixed media, and installation works, as well as architecture, music, and popular culture. Includes artist interviews and reviews of individual artists and/or galleries; reviews of fi

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 1, September

About Face
From the celebratory faces of commissioned canvases to satirical caricatures for the press, the tradition of portraiture is endlessly revealing of an era and its mores. This eternal fascination with face and figure has inspired a millennium exhibition...
Alice Neel
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART, NEW YORK "Thus the Whitney, which can usually be counted on to do the wrong thing, devoted a solo exhibition to Alice Neel, whose paintings (we can be reasonably certain) would never have been accorded that honor...
Art Work
DANIEL B. SCHNEIDER ON THE MOMA STRIKE AS THIS ISSUE OF ARTFORUM goes to press, the strike at the Museum of Modern Art enters its fourth month, with negotiations at a virtual standstill, accusations of duplicity and bad faith issuing from all sides,...
A Thousand Words
Tim Hawkinson TALKS ABOUT UBERORGAN When Mass MOCA offered me the gallery, I was confronted with the question of how to deal with an interior space the size of a football field. I responded almost immediately with the general idea of what became...
Back to the Future
GLENN O'BRIEN ON RUDI GERNREICH THE IRRESISTIBLE CONCEIT of Austin Powers is nostalgia for futurism. That is the endemic condition of the baby boomer. We are disappointed by the present's relationship to our past's future. The future was so wide...
Better Tate
RACHEL WITHERS ON THE 2000 TURNER PRIZE SHORTLIST HOW LONG MUST NONNATIVE artists live and work in Britain before they shed the label "foreign"? A decade plus, imply some dispiriting press reactions to the 2000 Turner Prize shortlist, which includes...
"Castelli in Aria"
CASTEL SANT'ELMO The fortress of Castel Sant'Elmo, built in Angevin times and enlarged during the sixteenth century, is located on the hilltop of the Vomero, next to the extraordinary monument of the Certosa di San Martino. When you get there you...
City Light
In 1935, at the behest of his New York colleagues, Walter Benjamin set out to synopsize his famously unfinished epic, The Arcades Project. The resulting precis, "Paris, the Capital of the Nineteenth Century," offered a preview of the critic's Herculean...
Cody Choi
KUKJE GALLERY While there's nothing new in talk of art m the computer age, or of the influence of digital imagery on visual perception and the artistic imagination, Cody Choi's exhibition "New Pictorialism--Database Painting" merits attention because...
Darren Almond
THE APPROACH/CHISENHALE GALLERY Living in New York, I almost never drive, but every so often I rent a car for an out-of-town trip. Then I seem to drive ceaselessly. Afterward I have intense dreams, not of driving exactly, but of driving's incessant...
D-L Alvarez
DEREK ELLER GALLERY D-L Alvarez thinks like a writer. Each piece segues into the next like chapters in an evocative but fragmentary novel, weaving non-narrative stories that buzz with human presence but in which no human appears. Alvarez's personal...
Drear Abbie
THOMAS FRANK ON STEAL THIS MOVIE! I DON'T REMEMBER precisely when I first learned to equate Grateful Dead fandom with class privilege, when I finally figured out that those hokey dancing bears glued to the rear window of a Saab signaled that you...
Fall Gals
CINDY SHERMAN: NEW PHOTOGRAPHS, 2000 Literature might be the wrong place to begin. Invoking words, when looking at pictures, is cheating. Yet Cindy Sherman's work has consistently sidestepped photography's silent modality and seduced viewers with...
Frederic Moser & Philippe Schwinger
HORTEN The system can be somewhat confusing: The new Dusseldorf gallery called Horten has taken to wandering through the city's other galleries, its exhibitions camping out m a stranger's rooms, as it were, for a weekend each. The producer-gallerists...
Gabriel Orozco
MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART, LOS ANGELES On the occasion of his first major survey exhibition, at LA MOCA, Gabriel Orozco told Benjamin Buchloh in a public dialogue that, as an artist, he works "in reality." Identifying reality as his medium--as...
Galeria Kurimanzutto
GALERIE CHANTAL CROUSEL, PARIS As specific as a birth announcement, it was the first thing you read on the back of the small poster that served as the invitation to an exhibition: "The Kurimanzutto Gallery was founded on August 21, 1999, in Mexico...
Gillian Wearing
GORNEY BRAVIN + LEE Aren't you allowed to win the Turner Prize twice? Gillian Wearing should have been a shoo-in again this year (she won in 1997) on the strength of her three-channel video projection Drunk, 1997-99. Wearing's plan to cultivate...
Ignacio Iturria
MARLBOROUGH GALLERY Ignacio Ituttia's characters are not so much painted as built out of paint; smeared browns, umber, and drab typically run up against blush and pastel flesh forms in sometimes inches-thick globs. It's as if murky roils of brackish...
James Nachtwey
INTERNATIONAL CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPHY The first image encountered in this mid-career retrospective--a color photograph taken in San Miguel Province, El Salvador, in 1984--goes straight to the aesthetic and ethical core of James Nachtwey's documentary...
James Welling
WEXNER CENTER FOR THE ARTS, COLUMBUS, OHIO As with Frank Stella back in the '60s, everyone seems to want James Welling on their team. When Welling first began exhibiting in the early '80s, his black-and-white close-ups of crumpled tinfoil, strewn...
Jonathan Lasker
ROSE MUSEUM, BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, WALTHAM, MA Jonathan Lasker once told me he thought the Minimalists had been trying to make an art without metaphor, and in fact had succeeded; but the point having been proved, he continued, there's no longer any...
Kader Attia
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA PHOTOGRAPHIE La Piste d'atterrissage (The landing strip), 1997-99, is the name given to a deserted stretch of beltway at the northern edge of Paris by the Algerian transsexuals and transvestites who work there as prostitutes....
Kojo Griffin
VAKNIN SCHWARTZ In Kojo Griffin's new mixed-media panels, enigmatic figures enact scenes redolent with anger, desire, sadness, pain: A man shakes a screaming child; two men face off, one holding a knife; a woman's joyful play with a toddler is shadowed...
Leon Golub/nancy Spero
ROTH HOROWITZ For over four decades, Leon Golub and Nancy Spero have been exploring the social and political hotbed of gender. Masculinist and feminist, respectively, they address issues of power and the violent and subjugating impulses that underlie...
Leon Kossoff
MITCHELL-INNES & NASH The first thing that strikes one about Leon Kossoff's paintings is the heaviness and density of the surface; the second is the peculiar insubstantiality of the depicted forms, in spite of all that paint. The figure is reduced...
Lucian Freud
ACQUAVELLA Lucian Freud doesn't beautify flesh, but he revels in it all the same. What in life might be distasteful becomes matter for specifically pictorial delectation. If the skin has a slightly sickly cast, that's all the better to explore the...
Lucky Debellevue
FEATURE INC. Lucky DeBellevue is known for his mysterious, startlingly prismatic pipe-cleaner sculptures. Unapologetically pretty, they have the allure of a signature material, and one can easily imagine DeBellevue staying the course, making installations,...
Markus Raetz
MONICA DE CARDENAS For Markus Raetz, the dream of art is to discover ever-new images, even within a single form. Fulfilling that dream in this exhibition, he offered an experience something like being inside a kaleidoscope. The key to the exhibition...
Marnie Weber
ROSAMUND FELSEN GALLERY One can draw, paint, sculpt, or digitally illustrate what doesn't exist, but photo-based practices generally necessitate that someone or something be there to be photographed. To depict unreality--fantasies, fairy tales,...
Meyer Vaisman
GAVIN BROWN'S ENTERPRISE Reading the art criticism that accompanied Meyer Vaisman's late-'80s rise from East Village scenester to neo-geo celebrity, you can't help but notice how certain adjectives keep cropping up: cynical, calculated, and above...
Michael O'malley
SOUTHERN EXPOSURE One of life's most humbling revelations is that we each carry our own mental landscape, our unique version of tunnel vision, wherever we go. As we move through the world, we're seeing it through the veil of our past experiences...
Mixed Exposures
Say cheese" is not, one suspects, a phrase overused by flaneur photographer Beat Streull in his covert quest for fleeting facial expressions that reveal an urban state of mind. This summer Streuli targeted the inhabitants of Turin; the resulting color...
Openings Alexander Ku
According to the teachings of the Buddha, there is an eightfold path that leads to Enlightenment. This course--calling for the cultivation of right understanding, thought, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration--is eccentrically...
Otherworldly Goods
ROBERT SIMON ON J.J. GRANDVILLE ACROSS THE NOTES, fragments, essays, and outlines of the Arcades Project, Walter Benjamin's panoramic rendering of Paris and modernity, the nineteenth-century French illustrator and caricaturist J.J. Grandville plays...
Oyvind Fahlstrom
MUSEU D'ART CONTEMPORANI DE BARCELONA One of the most memorable pieces in the 1997 Documenta X was Oyvind Fahlstrom's The Little General (Pinball Machine), 1967. Resembling a raised indoor swimming pool with some two dozen movable parts spread out...
Pipilotti Rist
LUHRING AUGUSTINE/PUBLIC ART FUND, TIMES SQUARE, NEW YORK A whole new interior realm, both uncanny and funny, opened up to visitors of Pipilotti Rist's latest installations at Luhring Augustine. At first, the simulated domestic layout seemed ordinary...
Pop Music
HOWARD HAMPTON ON THE BALLAD OF RAMBLIN' JACK Aiyana Elliott's documentary about her demi-legend of a folksinger father, The Ballad of Ramblin' Jack (which opens nationally this month), is the kind of plainspoken memoir-cum-biography you might stumble...
Preview U.S. Shorts
YOUNG ASTRONAUTS, LAMENT. IF "The New Frontier: Art and Television, 1960-65" at the Austin Museum of Art (Sept. 1-Nov. 26) is any measure, even Texans seem ready to recast the first glory days of NASA as baby steps in our emergent media culture rather...
Randall Deihl
CLARK GALLERY Along with Scott Prior and the late Gregory Gillespie, painter Randall Deihi has earned the moniker "Valley Realist" with his painstakingly detailed oil portraits and nostalgic, campy vignettes. Most of the twenty-nine still lifes,...
Robert Morris
MUSEE D'ART CONTEMPORAIN DE LYON A narrow, labyrinthine passage leads to the center of the vast room on the second floor of the museum. There we are faced with projected images from World War II-photographs from the Centre d'Histoire de La Resistance...
SITE Unseen
Dave Hickey, art critic, author of Air Guitar: Essays on Art and Democracy (1997), and organizer of ultra-hip exhibitions such as this year's "Ultralounge: The Return of Social Space (with Cocktails)," isn't typically associated with the international...
The Biennale of Sydney 2000
This year's Sydney Biennale was a poignant exhibition. Though mostly a disorganized and unthematized review of the 1990s, featuring such stars as Matthew Barney, Tracey Moffatt, and Jeff Wall, it was also a Noah's ark of gorgeous, visionary works from...
The There There
RONALD JONES ON DAN FLAVIN AT MARFA ON OCTOBER 7 AND 8, the art faithful (some 1,000 in all) will converge on a tiny town in West Texas. Their Mecca? The annual Chinati Foundation Open House. When Donald Judd pitched camp in an abandoned army fort...
Top Ten
1 KAZ, UNDERWORLD Kaz is the only cartoonist left who can actually write a four-panel strip that's funny-milk-through-your-nose funny-instead of rotten with whimsy and chuckles. Underworld is populated by perverts, drug users, and chumps of every stripe,...
Ulrike Ottinger
DAVID ZWIRNER Ulrike Ottinger's 1978 photograph Portrait of Two Women Drinkers describes a silent encounter between strangers on opposite sides of a cafe window. The immaculately and fashionably dressed figure in bright yellow inside the cafe raises...
"Um Oceano Inteiro Para Nadar"
CULTURGEST This year marks the quincentenary of the European discovery of Brazil. The official commemorations engendered violent polemics focusing on topics central to discussions of posrcolonialism. Descendants of the indigenous peoples whose communities...
Venice Peach
Many artists have veni'd to Venice in recent years, but few have vinci'd (and that includes a few who took home golden lions). So the announcement that Robert Gober has been selected to represent the US at the forty-ninth Venice Biennale, which opens...
Wassily Kandinsky
Three Sounds (Drei Klange), 1926 A talisman in the form of a postcard I stuck onto a sheet of paper in 1984 in New York placed by my IBM Selectric and soon covered with appointments, telephone numbers, and a reminder to deposit money. And here it...
Yard Work: Richard Prince's "Upstate," 2000
After almost two decades of making images of indoor worlds--rephotographing magazine and advertising images, or shooting portraits of the paintings lying around his studio--Richard Prince finally lugged his camera outside. Of late he's been taking...
Yinka Shonibare
CAMDEN ARTS CENTRE Dutch wax-printed cotton fabric masquerades as authentic African textile both for Westerners and for Africans seeking to break with Western dress, despite the fabric's passage from Indonesia through Holland and the mills of Manchester...

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