Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 1, January

Are Antibiotics Still "Automatic" in France?
The first part of a series of three features on antimicrobial resistance looks at the French campaign that has been held up as an example of how to change the way antibiotics are prescribed. But, as Gary Humphreys reports, 10 years after the campaign's...
Blood Sample Volumes in Child Health Research: Review of Safe limits/Les Volumes Des Echantillons Sanguins Dans la Recherche En Matiere De Sante Infantile: Examen Des Limites De Securite/ Investigaciones Sanitarias Sobre El Volumen De Las Muestras De Sangre En Ninos: Revision De Los Limites De Seguridad
Objective To determine paediatric blood sample volume limits that are consistent with physiological "minimal risk." Methods A literature review was performed to search for evidence concerning the adverse effects of blood sampling in children and...
Campaigns against Acid Violence Spur Change: Bangladesh Is One of a Number of Countries Trying to Prevent Acid Violence through Legislation While Providing Specialized Care for Victims, but Attitudes to Women Need to Change for There to Be Further Progress
It happened twelve years ago, but Asma Akhtar still remembers the assault vividly. A spurned suitor in his late 20s sneaked into her family's mud shack in the village of Jhalakhandi in southern Bangladesh and poured acid over her face while she was...
Comparing Road Traffic Mortality Rates from Police-Reported Data and Death Registration Data in China/ Comparer Les Taux De Mortalite Routiere Selon Les Donnees Declarees Par la Police et Selon Les Donnees D'enregistrement Des Deces En Chine/ Comparacion De Las Tasas De Mortalidad Por Accidente De Trafico Extraidas a Partir De Los Datos Aportados Por la Policia Y Los Datos Obtenidos del Registro De Defunciones En China
Objective To compare death rates from road traffic injuries in China in 2002-2007 when derived from police-reported data versus death registration data. Methods In China, police-recorded data are obtained from police records by means of a standardized,...
Evidence Summaries Tailored to Health Policy-Makers in Low- and Middle-Income countries/Syntheses De Preuves Adaptees Aux Decideurs De la Sante Dans Les Pays a Revenu Faible Ou intermediaire/Resumenes De Datos Disenados Para Los Responsables Politicos Sanitarios De Los Paises De Ingresos Medios Y Bajos
Objective To describe how the SUPPORT collaboration developed a short summary format for presenting the results of systematic reviews to policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods We carried out 21 user tests in six countries...
Implications of the New WHO Guidelines on HIV and Infant Feeding for Child Survival in South Africa/ Implications Des Nouvelles Lignes Directrices De l'OMS Relatives Au VIH et a la Nutrition Infantile Sur la Survie Des Enfants En Afrique Du Sud/ Consecuencias De Las Nuevas Directrices De la OMS Sobre El VIH Y la Lactancia Para la Supervivencia Infantil En Sudafrica
Abstract The World Health Organization released revised principles and recommendations for HIV and infant feeding in November 2009. The recommendations are based on programmatic evidence and research studies that have accumulated over the past few...
Indian Approaches to Retaining Skilled Health Workers in Rural areas/Approches De l'Inde En Matiere De Retention Du Personnel Soignant Competent Dans Les Zones Rurales/ Estrategias En la India Para Retener a Los Trabajadores Sanitarios Cualificados En Las Regiones Rurales
Problem The lack of skilled service providers in rural areas of India has emerged as the most important constraint in achieving universal health care. India has about 1.4 million medical practitioners, 74% of whom live in urban areas where they serve...
Learning to Outwit Malaria: Dr Robert D Newman Tells the WHO Bulletin Why Malaria Programmes Don't Make Headlines, Why Rapid Diagnostic Tests Are the Hottest New Technology and Why Eradication Is the Only Acceptable End-Goal in Beating This Ancient Scourge
Q: The WHO malaria eradication campaign of the 1950s and 1960s failed, so why did the Gates Foundation resurrect that goal 30 years later and why did WHO endorse it? A: I wouldn't want to speak for the Gates Foundation, but I do believe that eradicating...
Looking Ahead
12 January: Launch of Global Plan for Artemisinin Resistance Containment. Through this plan, WHO and partners urge countries to contain or eliminate resistance to artemisinins, to preserve the efficacy of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs)....
Maternal Mortality Estimation at the Subnational Level: A Model-Based Method with an Application to Bangladesh/ Estimation De la Mortalite Maternelle Au Niveau Sous-National: Une Methode a Base De Modiles Appliquee Au Bangladesh/Estimaciones De la Mortalidad Materna a Nivel Regional: Metodo Basado En Modelos Con Aplicacion En Bangladesh
Objective To provide a model-based method of estimating maternal mortality at the subnational level and illustrate its use in estimating maternal mortality rates (MMrates) and maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) in all 64 districts of Bangladesh. Methods...
Progress towards Millennium Development Goal 1 in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Importance of the Choice of Indicator for undernutrition/Avancees Vers L'objectif 1 Du Millenaire Pour le Developpement En Amerique Latine et Aux Caraibes: De L'importance Du Choix De L'indicateur De denutrition/Avance Hacia El Objetivo De Desarrollo del Milenio 1 En America Latina Y El Caribe:
Progress towards Millennium Development Goal 1 in Latin America and the Caribbean: the importance of the choice of indicator for undernutrition/Avancees vers l'objectif 1 du Millenaire pour le developpement en Amerique latine et aux Caraibes: de l'importance...
Systematic Reviews in the Bulletin
The Bulletin has previously published systematic reviews in the section for original research papers but, beginning in 2011, systematic reviews will have their own section. We have been encouraged by the response to the editorials that made the case...
The Movement of Patients across Borders: Challenges and Opportunities for Public health/Deplacements Transfrontaliers Des Patients: Defis et Opportunites Pour le Secteur De la Sante Publique/ El Movimiento Transfronterizo De Los Pacientes: Retos Y Oportunidades Para la Sanidad Publica
Abstract In a globalizing world, public health is no longer confined to national borders. In recent years we have observed an increasing movement of patients across international borders. The full extent of this trend is yet unknown, as data are sparse...
Validity of Verbal Autopsy for Ascertaining the Causes of stillbirth/Validite De L'autopsie Verbale Dans la Determination Des Causes De Mortinaissance /Validez De Las Investioaciones Verbales Nara Determinar Las Causas De la Mortinatalidad
Objective To validate the verbal autopsy tool for stillbirths of the World Health Organization (WHO) by using hospital diagnosis of the underlying cause of stillbirth (the gold standard) and to compare the fraction of stillbirths attributed to various...
Violence against Women: An Urgent Public Health Priority
Violence against women has been described as "perhaps the most shameful human rights violation, and the most pervasive." (1) Addressing violence against women is central to the achievement of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 3 on women's empowerment...

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