Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 84, No. 9, September

A Century in Public Health
Dr Mirta Roses Periago earned her medical degree in 1969 from the National University of Cordoba in her native Argentina. She subsequently obtained a diploma in tropical medicine from the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil, in 1971 and diplomas in...
Are Drugs for Rare Diseases "Essential"?
In 1977, the first report of the WHO Expert Committee on the Use of Essential Drugs defined essential drugs as those needed to satisfy the health-care needs of the majority of the population. This was done in order to fulfil a mandate to assist Member...
Can Better Health Statistics Save Lives? an International Campaign for Universal Access to Treatment for People with HIV/AIDS Has Spurred a Quest for Better Quality Health Data, Particularly in Developing Countries
One of the central themes of this year's International AIDS Conference, held in Toronto, Canada in August, was a renewed call for universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS. For Dr Peter Ghys this was all the more reason to pursue one of his main assignments...
Can Public-Private Collaboration Promote Tuberculosis Case Detection among the Poor and vulnerable?/La Collaboration Public/prive Peut-Elle Favoriser la Detection Des Cas De Tuberculose Parmi Les Plus Pauvres et Les Plus vulnerables?/?Puede la Colaboracion Publicoprivada Promover la Deteccion De Casos De Tuberculosis Entre Los Pobres Y Vulnerables?
Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is the cause of 1.8 million deaths annually; 98% of these occur in developing countries (1) and among the poorest people of these countries. Studies in both low- and high-income countries demonstrate that rates of...
Causes of Stillbirths and Early Neonatal Deaths: Data from 7993 Pregnancies in Six Developing countries/Causes De Mortinatalite et De Mortalite Neonatale Precoce: Donnees Portant Sur 7993 Grossesses Dans Six Pays En developpement/Causas De Mortinatalidad Y De Mortalidad Neonatal Precoz: Datos De 7993 Embarazos En Sels Paises En Desarrollo
Introduction A two-thirds reduction of mortality in children less than 5 years old by 2015 is one of the UN Millennium Development Goals. (1) Despite a decline in mortality in children in this age group in the last few decades, neonatal mortality...
Community Surveys and Risk Factor Analysis of Human Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China/Enquetes En Communaute et Analyse Des Facteurs De Risque Pour Les Echinococcoses Alveolaire et Cystique Humaines Dans la Region Autonome Du Ningxia Hui, Chine/Encuestas Comunitarias Y Analisis De Los Factores De Riesgo De la Equinococosis Alveolar Y Quistica Humana En la Region Autonoma De Ningxia Hui, China
Introduction Echinococcosis is caused by adult or larval stages of cestodes belonging to the genus Echinococcus (Taeniidae). Larval infection (hydatid disease; hydatidosis) is characterized by long-term growth of metacestode (hydatid) cysts in the...
Effect of Fluoridated Public Water Supplies on Dental Caries Prevalence
AS EARLY as 1942, it had been adequately demonstrated that the use of fluoride-bearing drinking waters produces a marked reduction in the incidence of dental caries. It was also known by that time that this beneficial. effect occurs in populations...
Free Access to Journals Gives Kenyan Science a Boost: A Joint Initiative between WHO and about 90 Scientific Publishers Has Transformed Patient Care at a University Hospital in Kenya, Where Students and Their Teachers Have Internet Access to the Latest Research Findings. the Programme Is Benefiting a Whole Generation of Scientists across the Developing World
Dr Hilary Rono shudders to think what life for him and his colleagues in the medical profession--particularly in developing countries--was like before the Internet. Rono is just about to complete his masters degree in ophthalmology at the University...
Free Access to Journals Is Key to Development Goals
In a major coup for access to information in developing countries, publishers have renewed their commitment to a WHO programme that provides free access to more than 3300 scientific and medical journals. The decision by a group of about 90 publishers...
Health and Foreign Policy
In the past decade, health issues have become more prominent in foreign policies of countries. (1-6) Health challenges now feature in national security strategies, appear regularly on the agenda of meetings of leading economic powers, affect the bilateral...
Is Mortality from Heart Failure Increasing in Australia? an Analysis of Official Data on Mortality for 1997-2003/evolution De la Mortalite Par Insuffisance Cardiaque En Australie. Une Analyse Des Donnees Officielles De Mortalite De 1997 a 2003/?esta Aumentando la Mortalidad Por Insuficiencia Cardiaca En Australia? Analisis De Los Datos Oficiales Sobre la Mortalidad En 1997-2003
Introduction Heart failure (HF) is a disabling chronic disease and a major cause of morbidity and mortality among older adults. (1) Despite its being a significant burden on health-care systems, especially with recent improvements in survival of...
Measuring the Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on the Health of Women in Victoria, Australia/Mesure Des Effets De la Violence Du Partenaire Sexuel Sur la Sante De la Femme Dans l'Etat De Victoria (Australie)/Medicion del Impacto De la Violencia De la Pareja En la Salud De la Mujer En Victoria (Australia)
Introduction Reliable and comparable analysis of risks to health is essential for informing efforts to prevent disease and injury. (1) The burden of disease methodology provides a tool for estimating the impact of health problems and risky behaviours...
Nigeria Leads Fight against "Killer" Counterfeit Drugs
Nigeria has been at the forefront of global efforts to fight counterfeit drugs since Dora Akunyili took over the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) in 2001. To crack down on counterfeits, her first move was to stamp...
One in a Million: The First Community Trial of Water Fluoridation
During the 1930s and early 1940s, H Trendley Dean and his colleagues working from the US National Institutes of Health published a series of epidemiological studies describing the relationship between the level of fluoride naturally present in public...
"Rare Essentials": Drugs for Rare Diseases as Essential medicines/«Rares et Essentiels»: Considerons Les Medicaments Destines Au Traitement Des Maladies Rares Comme Des Medicaments essentiels/«Medicamentos Esenciales Raros»: Los Farmacos Contra Enfermedades Raras Como Medicamentos Esenciales
Introduction This manuscript was based on an invited discussion paper for the 14th meeting of the WHO Expert Committee on the Selection and Use of Essential Medicines (7-11 March 2005, Geneva, Switzerland). In all health-care systems, there is...
Rates, Timing and Causes of Neonatal Deaths in Rural India: Implications for Neonatal Health programmes/Taux, Repartition Dans le Temps et Causes Des Deces Neonataux Dans l'Inde Rurale: Implications Pour Les Programmes De Sante neonatale/Tasas, Momento Y Causas De la Mortalidad Neonatal En la India Rural: Implicaciones Para Los Programas De Salud Neonatal
Introduction Every year, there are an estimated 4 million neonatal deaths, accounting for almost 40% of deaths in children younger than 5 years. (l,2) About a quarter of global neonatal deaths occur in India, which has a neonatal mortality of 43...
Reaching the Targets for TB Control: Call for Papers
Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major killer disease for several thousand years. Despite intensive efforts to combat the disease over the past twenty years, TB remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in many settings, particularly...
The Syndromic Management of Vaginal Discharge Using Single-Dose Treatments: A Randomized Controlled Trial in West Africa/Prise En Charge Syndromique De la Leucorrhee Par Des Traitements Sous Forme De Dose Unique: Essai Controle Randomise En Afrique De l'Ouest/Manejo Sindromico del Flujo Vaginal Mediante Tratamientos De Dosis Unica: Ensayo Controlado Aleatorizado En Africa Occidental
Introduction Despite the contradictory results of large trials in East Africa, the syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections (STI) remains a public health priority: whether or not it reduces transmission of human immunodeficiency virus...
WHO Launches Taskforce to Fight Counterfeit Drugs: WHO Will Launch a Taskforce in Late 2006 to Fight a Thriving Multimillion-Dollar Illegal Trade in Counterfeit Drugs, Vaccines and Other Medical Products
The International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce (IMPACT) aims to put a stop to the deadly trade in fake drugs, which studies suggest kill thousands of people every year. "We need to help people become more aware of the growing market...
WHO Response to the Humanitarian Crisis in Lebanon
WHO, other UN agencies, 45 local and international partners and the Lebanese Red Cross have been supporting Lebanese authorities in meeting the health needs of people caught in the conflict across the border between Lebanon and Israel. The crisis,...

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