Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 86, No. 1, January

An Interview with Mahmuder Rahman: Bangladesh's Arsenic Agony
The need for safe and clean water is the topic of this month's commemorative issue of the Bulletin, to mark 60 years of the World Health Organization (WHO). In this interview, Professor Mahmuder Rahman says that 12 years after the scale of the arsenic...
Beyond Good Intentions: Lessons on Equipment Donation from an African hospital/Au-Dela Des Bonnes Intentions : Lecons Tirees D'un Don D'equipements a Un Hopital africain/Las Buenas Intenciones No Bastan: Lecciones De Un Hospital Africano Sobre Las Donaciones De Equipo
Introduction Health services in developing countries often struggle to meet the demands of a high burden of illness in their communities. (1) Health facilities conspicuously lack technology and it is not surprising when medical equipment becomes...
Breaking a Law: Tuberculosis Disobeys Styblo's Rule
In 1985, Karel Styblo derived one of the guiding rules of tuberculosis (TB) epidemiology. Bringing together data from 16 countries, he proposed that an annual incidence of 50 sputum-smear-positive TB cases in a population of 100 000 generates an annual...
Flowing Away: Water and Health Opportunities
Despite long-standing evidence that water sanitation and hygiene ate fundamental to health, health institutions have become distanced from water and sanitation since the 1970s. In developing countries, some 2.6 billion people invest a significant...
Global Costs of Attaining the Millennium Development Goal for Water Supply and sanitation/Couts Globaux De la Realisation De L'objectif Du Millenaire Pour le Developpement Relatif a L'approvisionnement En Eau et a l'assainissement/Costos Mundiales del Logro del Objetivo De Desarrollo del Milenio Sobre El Abastecimiento De Agua Y El Saneamiento
Introduction Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7 addresses environmental sustainability, with a target (target 10) to "halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation". (1) Progress towards...
Global Magnitude of Visual Impairment Caused by Uncorrected Refractive Errors in 2004/prevalence Mondiale Des Deficiences Visuelles Dues a Des Defauts De Refraction Non Corriges En 2004/magnitud Mundial De Las Discapacidades Visuales Por Defectos De Refraccion No Corregidos En 2004
Introduction Refractive errors (myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism; presbyopia is not included in this study given the present paucity of data, but it is recognized that uncorrected, it could lead to an impaired quality of life) affect a large proportion...
High-End Physician Migration from India/Emigration Des Medecins Indiens De Haut niveau/Migracion De Medicos De Alto Nivel De la India
Introduction The migration of skilled professionals from developing to developed countries has long attracted attention from researchers and policy-makers. (1,2) The literature on the subject encompasses a vast area, including assessments of the...
How Much Is Not Enough? Human Resources Requirements for Primary Health Care: A Case Study from South Africa/Combien En Manque-T-Il ? Besoins En Ressources Humaines Pour Les Soins De Sante Primaire : Etude De Cas Menee En Afrique Du Sud/Cuantificar la Escasez. Necesidades De Recursos Humanos En la Atencion Primaria De Salud: Estudio De Casos En Sudafrica
Introduction The central role of human resources in the improvement of the health sector is increasingly recognized with a particular focus on planning, training, staff retention, scopes of practice of the staff and human resources management. (1,2)...
Increasing Tuberculosis Case Detection: Lessons from the Republic of Moldova/Renforcement De la Detection Des Cas De Tuberculose: Enseignements Provenant De la Republique De Moldova/Aumentar la Deteccion De Casos De Tuberculosis: Ensenanzas De la Republica De Moldova
Introduction The Republic of Moldova adopted the DOTS strategy in 2001 and committed to reaching the global tuberculosis (TB) targets of 70% case detection and 85% treatment success. (1) At the same time, the Republic of Moldova initiated health...
Prevalence of Tuberculous Infection and Incidence of Tuberculosis; a Re-Assessment of the Styblo rule/Prevalence De L'infection Tuberculeuse et Incidence De la Tuberculose : Reevaluation De la Regle De Styblo/Prevalencia De la Infeccion Tuberculosa E Incidencia De Tuberculosis: Reevaluacion De la Regla De Styblo
Introduction The formulation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000 was a landmark step taken by 189 countries in their commitment to "meet the needs of the world's poorest." (1) A projected target within goal number 8 (combat HIV/AIDS,...
Thailand's Unsung Heroes: The Success of Primary Health Care Programmes in Thailand over the Past Three Decades Can Be Attributed Not Only to Medical Advances but to the Role of Community Health Volunteers. Buddhist Monks and Their Temples Have Been Strongly Involved in Health Promotion and Education, Particularly in Remote, Rural Communities
It's 06:30 and the grounds of the War Kae Nok temple are already full of people of all ages, exercising not only for their spiritual needs but also for a physical work out. Every morning and evening, the large shaded grounds of the temple in Thailand's...
The Bulletin Turns 60: The Early Years: This Year the World Health Organization (WHO) Marks Its 60th Anniversary. Brigit Ramsingh Takes a Look at the Origins of the Bulletin, WHO's Flagship Periodical. This Is the First Article in a Series about the History of Our Journal
History, at least as it relates to international organizations, is often made in anonymous meeting rooms that look a bit the same all over the world. Indeed, the conception of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization was as ordinary as its subsequent...
Three Decades of Primary Health Care: Reviewing the Past and Defining the Future
The year 2008 marks the 60th anniversary of the World Health Organization and the 30th anniversary of the Alma-Ata Declaration advocating primary health care as the main strategy for achieving health for all by the year 2000. At the turn of the century,...
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