Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 78, No. 10, October

Child Mortality -- the Challenge Now
The World Health Organization's challenge of `Health for all by the year 2000' has been associated with a number of campaigns aimed at reducing child mortality. In this area there is both good news and bad news. On the one hand there have been extremely...
Factors Associated with Trends in Infant and Child Mortality in Developing Countries during the 1990s
Voir page 1268 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1269 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Mortality among infants and children has been declining in most developing countries from the mid-1980s and throughout the 1990s. However, this...
Is Malnutrition Declining? an Analysis of Changes in Levels of Child Malnutrition since 1980
Voir page 1231 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1232 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The best global indicator of children's well-being is growth, because infections and unsatisfactory feeding practices, or more often a combination...
Malnutrition as an Underlying Cause of Childhood Deaths Associated with Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries
Voir page 1218 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1219 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Approximately 12 million children younger than 5 years of age die every, year; most of these children live in developing countries. More than 50%...
Measuring Nutritional Status in Relation to Mortality
In 1956, Federico Gomez and colleagues described the clinical picture preceding death and the apparent cause of death in malnourished children admitted to the Nutrition Department of the children's hospital in Mexico City (1). The main purpose of their...
Mortality in Second and Third Degree Malnutrition(*)
Malnutrition has been defined as a pathological condition of varying degrees of severity, and diverse clinical manifestations, resulting from the deficient assimilation of the components of the nutrient complex (GOMEZ, 1955). This disease affects the...
New Fly Trap May Reduce Prevalence of Blindness from Trachoma
Home-made fly traps using old plastic bottles and faeces may significantly reduce the prevalence of trachoma, a disease that is a major cause of blindness in the developing world. Results of tests of the devices in Kenya have shown the traps can reduce...
Reducing Child Mortality
For decades, the focus of international public health concern has been on reducing child mortality, and rightly so. As recently as the mid-1980s, some 15 million children under the age of five years died each year, representing 30% of all deaths worldwide...
Reducing Child Mortality in India in the New Millennium
Voir page 1197 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1198 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction In 1998, about 2.5 million under-5-year-olds died in India, the highest total of any country (1). India's health goals for the year 2000 included...
Reducing Deaths from Diarrhoea through Oral Rehydration Therapy
Voir page 1253 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1254 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction In 1980, diarrhoea was the leading cause of child mortality, accounting for 4.6 million deaths annually (1). Efforts to control diarrhoea over...
Royalty-Free Licenses for Genetically Modified Rice Made Available to Developing Countries
Hopes that a new, life-saving, genetically modified rice will be grown in developing countries have been boosted with a decision that gives developing countries royalty-free licenses for technologies used to produce so-called golden rice. Rice enhanced...
Study in India Confirms Increase in Drug-Resistant Cholera
Researchers in India have isolated strains of the bacteria that cause cholera which are resistant to some commonly used antibiotics, according to a new study published recently in the Journal of the Indian Medical Association. The researchers said...
The Decline in Child Mortality: A Reappraisal
Voir page 1189 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1189 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The 20th century, witnessed dramatic declines in mortality in almost all countries of the world, regardless of initial levels, socioeconomic circumstances...
The Evolution of Child Health Programmes in Developing Countries: From Targeting Diseases to Targeting People
Voir page 1243 le resume en francais. En la pagina 1244 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction For the past 35 years, the steep decline in deaths among infants and children has provided evidence of an important success story in international...
Trends in Under-5 Mortality Rates and the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
Voir page 1205 le resume en francias. En la pagina 1205 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) originally emerged as adult health problems, they have...
Use of the Internet as a Public Health Intervention Tool for an Outbreak of Syphilis
A recent study of a syphilis outbreak amongst homosexual men in San Francisco showed a significant association between the use of the Internet as a means for meeting sexual partners and acquiring syphilis (Journal of the American Medical Association,...
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