Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 83, No. 2, February

Asian Tsunami: Death-Toll Addiction and Its Downside
"No man is an island, entire of itself; ... any man's death diminishes me" --John Donne, 1624 Numbers on the move in the media are always addictive and a week-long succession of news flashes about deaths in a disaster makes them even more...
Cancer and Tobacco Smoking: A Preliminary Report
The published literature on use of tobacco and its possible association with human cancer fails to show clearcut consistent observations. Reviews" of the literature for the past twenty years reveals that it is often conflicting and that it consists...
Efforts under Way to Stem 'Brain Drain' of Doctors and Nurses
The migration of skilled professionals to industrialized countries is one of the factors behind the chronic shortage of health workers in many developing countries. Last year the problem was highlighted at the World Health Assembly; 2005 may be the...
Emergency Doctor Says WHO Has Key Role in Health Crises
Dr David Nabarro, 55, qualified as a physician in 1973 and worked in the UK National Health Service for three years and as district child health officer in East Nepal for two years. He held posts at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine...
Improving the World's Health through National Public Health Institutes
Globalization is as applicable to health issues as to those of trade and economics (1). The increased frequency of travel, distribution of goods, migration, spread of communications and marketing of new lifestyles have promoted a set of risks and health...
Missing Deaths from Pesticide Self-Poisoning at the IFCS Forum IV
Since the middle of the last century, pesticides have become an integral component of the world's attempt to increase agricultural output and decrease vector-borne disease. However, the benefits of pesticides have come at a cost and their continued...
Polio Eradication-End-Stage Challenges
Editor--I wish to suggest an alternative to those strategies discussed by Sutter et al. for poliomyelitis "end-stage and post-eradication" (1). The suggestion is based on the successful eradication of poliomyelitis in Israel and the West Bank and Gaza...
Prevention and Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Resource-Limited settings/Prevention et Traitement Du VIH/SIDA Dans Les Pays a Ressources limitees/Prevencion Y Tratamiento del VIH/SIDA En Entornos Con Recursos Limitados
Introduction Strategies for confronting the epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/ AIDS) have included a range of approaches that focus on prevention and treatment. However, debate persists over the degree...
Private Health Insurance: Implications for Developing Countries/ Assurance-Maladie Privee : Consequences Pour Les Pays En Developpement/ Seguros Medicos Privados: Implicaciones Para Los Paises En Desarrollo
Introduction As policy-makers consider how to move towards financing mechanisms that will protect their citizens from the financially catastrophic effects of illness, they have three broad options to consider: taxation, social security, and private...
Socioeconomic Differences in the Burden of Disease in Sweden/Ecarts Socioeconomiques Dans la Charge De Morbidite En Suede/Diferencias Socioeconomicas En la Carga De Morbilidad En Suecia
Introduction Burden of disease measurements that use disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) have been carried out at international, national and subnational levels in high-income, medium-income and low-income countries (1-5). The burden of disease...
The Challenge of Private Insurance for Public Good
A fundamental principle of WHO's work in health financing is the concept of universal coverage. This requires access for all people to appropriate promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative health care at an affordable cost. This is one requirement...
The Global Distribution of Risk Factors by Poverty Level/ Repartition Mondiale Des Facteurs De Risque Par Niveau De Pauvrete/ Distribucion Mundial De Los Factores De Riesgo Por Nivel De Pobreza
Introduction There is a large body of research conducted in richer countries on the socioeconomic determinants of health that contrasts health and disease status among individuals of varying socioeconomic positions (1-7). The same is not true of...
Tobacco Smoking as a Possible Etiologic Factor in Bronchiogenic Carcinoma: A Study of Six Hundred and Eighty-Four Proved Cases
General Increase.--There is rather general agreement that the incidence of bronchiogenic carcinoma has greatly increased in the last half-century. Statistical studies at the Charity Hospital of New Orleans (Ochsner and DeBakey), (1) the St. Louis City...
When Truth Is Unwelcome: The First Reports on Smoking and Lung Cancer
1950 should have been a very bad year for the tobacco companies. Five case-control studies published within a nine-month period reported that cigarette smoking was associated with lung cancer in men (1-5). In retrospect, the strength of the association...
WHO in the Tsunami Crisis
* On 26 December, the fourth most powerful earthquake ever recorded occurred under the seabed off the coast of Indonesia. The magniture, 9.0 on the Richter scale, triggered a series of giant waves that wrought destruction in 12 countries from south-east...
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