Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 84, No. 7, July

Continuity and Progress at WHO
Since Anders Nordstrom took up his post as Assistant Director-General for General Management, he has worked on strengthening transparency and accountability in the Organization, improving the budget and planning processes, and management of human resources....
Diagnostic Tests in HIV Management: A Review of Clinical and Laboratory Strategies to Monitor HIV-Infected Individuals in Developing Countries
Introduction In developed countries, immunologic and virologic status of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients is monitored using laboratory markers. Cluster designation 4 (CD4) cell count and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ribonucleic...
Indoor Air Pollution: 4000 Deaths a Day Must No Longer Be Ignored
The United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development may not appear, at first sight, to be a major playing field for public health. Nevertheless, when environment, energy and development ministers from around the world assembled in New York on...
Mortality of Tuberculosis Patients in Chennai, India/Mortalidad De Los Pacientes Tuberculosos En Chennai (India)
Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in India and most of the disease burden is due to premature mortality among TB patients. (1) Mortality is measured either as true rate (person-time rate) or as risk of death within...
Preventing Death and Disability through the Timely Provision of Prehospital Trauma Care
Injury remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide, and places an enormous burden on countries with limited resources. The optimal way to reduce life-threatening injuries is through primary prevention efforts that decrease the incidence...
Recent News from WHO
* Up to 24% of global disease is caused by preventable environmental hazards, according to a WHO report released on 16 June: Preventing disease through healthy environments--towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease. http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/publications/...
Setting the Stage for Equity-Sensitive Monitoring of the Maternal and Child Health Millennium Development Goals
Introduction Inequities in health are pervasive within countries, rich and poor alike. Even in countries where aggregate health indicators are improving, some health gaps between population groups are widening or remaining stagnant. The size and...
The Global Fund Secretariat's Suspension of Funding to Uganda: How Could This Have Been avoided?/Comment Aurait-On Pu Eviter la Suspension Des Versements Du Secretariat Du Fonds Mondial a l'Ouganda ?/ Suspension De la Financiacion a Uganda Por la Secretaria del Fondo Mundial: [??]Como Podria Haberse Evitado?
Introduction The Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) was created to finance a dramatic turnaround in the fight against human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), tuberculosis (TB)...
The Impact of Breastfeeding on the Health of HIV-Positive Mothers and Their Children in Sub-Saharan Africa/L'influence De L'allaitement Au Sein Sur la Sante Des Meres Positives Pour le VIH et Sur Celle De Leurs Enfants En Afrique subsaharienne/Impacto De la Lactancia Materna En la Salud De Las Madres VIH-Positivas Y En Sus Hijos En El Africa Subsahariana
Introduction In sub-Saharan Africa, women infected with human immunondeficiency virus (HIV)-1 continue to breastfeed their infants for several reasons. Breastfeeding satisfies the nutritional needs of an infant and is frequently encouraged by other...
Towards Universal Access: WHO's Role in HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care
June 2006 marks the 25th anniversary of a report of five cases of Pneumocystis carinii (now jirovecii) pneumonia in men who have sex with men, heralding the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). (1) Over 65 million infections with the causative...
Trend and Disease Burden of Bacillary Dysentery in China (1991-2000)/evolution De la Dysenterie Bacillaire et Charge De Morbidite Due a Cette Maladie En Chine (1991-2000)/disenteria Bacilar: Tendencias Y Carga De Morbilidad En China (1991-2000)
Introduction Globally, morbidity and mortality due to diarrhoea has decreased from 4.6 million deaths in 1982 to 3.3 million in 1992 to 2.5 million in 2003. (1-3) A review published in 1999 reported that bacillary dysentery caused by Shigella species...
Validation of Clinical Case Definition of Acute Intussusception in Infants in Viet Nam and Australia/Validation De la Definition Du Cas Clinique D'invagination Intestinale Aigue Chez le Nourrisson Au Viet Nam et En Australie/Validacion De la Definicion Clinica De Caso De Invaginacion Intestinal Aguda En Lactantes En Viet Nam Y Australia
Introduction The withdrawal of the first rotavirus vaccine to be licensed in the United States (RotaShield, Wyeth-Lederle Vaccines, Philadelphia, PA, United States), due to an unexpected association with intussusception, resulted in a major setback...
WHO Coordinates Health Provision for Quake Survivors; Days after a Devastating Earthquake Hit Two Indonesian Provinces, 6000 Health Workers from across the Country Were Dispatched to the Disaster Zone. to Help Indonesian Government Efforts to Provide Emergency Health Care, WHO Has Been Coordinating Dozens of International Organizations and Charities to Aid Survivors
Within hours of a 6.2 magnitude earthquake that hit the Indonesian provinces of Yogyakarta and Central Java on May 27, a massive relief effort, comprising both Indonesian and overseas organizations, got under way. A fortnight after the quake, approximately...
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