Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 81, No. 12, December

A Future without Health? Health Dimension in Global Scenario Studies
Health dimension in global scenarios The value of scenarios to explore possible futures and provide sound, policy-relevant guidance for decision-makers is increasingly and widely recognized (Box 1). Scenarios have been generated about, for example,...
Can Developing Countries Achieve Adequate Improvements in Child Health Outcomes without Engaging the Private Sector?
Introduction The global community's commitment to improving child health in developing countries was recently underscored by the Millennium Development Goals. These include a call to reduce child mortality by two-thirds by 2015, a goal that will...
Conference Warns of Danger of Re-Emergence of Smallpox as Weapon of Bioterror
Epidemiologists and biological warfare defence experts joined forces at a Geneva conference in October to warn governments that smallpox, a killer disease that was eradicated globally two decades ago, could re-surface as a weapon of terrorism. When...
Diagnosis of Paediatric HIV Infection in a Primary Health Care Setting with a Clinical Algorithm
Introduction Over 10.9 million deaths occur annually in children aged <5 years in developing countries (1); most deaths are caused by preventable and easily treated childhood diseases (2). Appropriate management of these conditions is one of...
Field Trial of Applicability of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling Survey Method for Rapid Assessment of Prevalence of Active Trachoma
Introduction According to WHO estimates, 5.6 million people are blind or severely visually impaired because of trachoma, and 146 million people currently have active disease (1). Resource constraints in countries in which trachoma is endemic mean...
First Association of Medical Editors for Eastern Mediterranean Region
The first ever association of medical editors for WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Region was established during the region's first conference on medical journals in Cairn, Egypt in early October. The launch of the Eastern Mediterranean Association of...
Gates Foundation Picks 14 Grand Challenges for Global Disease Research
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced the first 14 targets of a US$ 200 million programme on global disease research, on 17 October. The "Grand Challenges in Global Health" initiative, launched by Bill Gates at the World Economic Forum in...
Global Investment in Health Still Falling Short, Says WHO
Ministers of health, finance and planning from 40 developing countries joined development partners at WHO for the Second Consultation on Macroeconomics and Health on 29-30 October to develop country-specific plans to increase global health investment....
Health Information in the New Millennium: A Gathering Storm?
Health information is the foundation of public health. In the early 19th century, pioneering work by Edwin Chadwick and William Farr was instrumental in developing public health as a legitimate discipline in England and Wales. New civil registration...
Human Health Benefits from Livestock Vaccination for Brucellosis: Case Study
Introduction Brucellosis is one of the world's major zoonoses, alongside bovine tuberculosis and rabies (1). Brucella infection is endemic in humans and livestock in Mediterranean countries (2, 3). It is also present in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa,...
Islamic States Renew Commitment to Eradicate Polio
The Organization of the Islamic Conference (O1C) adopted a new resolution on 20 October 2003 urging Member States which are still polio-endemic to accelerate their efforts to drive out the disease. The resolution has come at a critical time fur the...
Kwashiorkor: A Nutritional Disease of Children Associated with a Maize Diet
THE name "kwashiorkor" indicates the disease the deposed baby gets when the next one is born, and is the local name in the Gold Coast for a nutritional disease of children, associated with a maize diet, which was first described in December, 1933....
Kwashiorkor Is Still Not Fully Understood
The work chosen as this month's public health classic and reproduced on the following pages is one of the most widely cited papers on childhood malnutrition: in 1935, Cicely D. Williams introduced the West African name kwashiorkor into the scientific...
Progress with New Malaria Vaccines
Introduction Malaria is a parasitic disease of major global health significance caused by one of four species of the Plasmodium genus, i.e.P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale or P. malariae. This review focuses on the development of vaccines against...
Shaping the Future of Global Health
"Today's global health situation raises urgent questions about justice" says Dr Jong-wook LEE as he introduces The world health report 2003---Shaping the future, the first World health report to be published during his term as Director General (1)....
Study Confirms Effectiveness of Antiretroviral Drugs for HIV Patients
An international team of researchers looking at more than 7700 HIV patients undergoing combination therapy with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs has reported an increase in survival rates and a significantly reduced risk of progression to full-blown AIDS....
UN Calls for International Debate on Road Safety Crisis
A UN General Assembly resolution adopted on 5 November has called for a debate among governments, UN agencies, WHO and the World Bank, on the global road safety crisis. A plenary meeting of the 191-member Assembly devoted solely to road safety, planned...
UNICEF Report Has Grave Implications for Child Health in Developing Countries
More than one billion children--or over ball the youngsters growing up in developing countries--suffer from severe deprivation of basic human needs, and 674 million of them live in absolute poverty, according to a study sponsored by the United Nations...
WHO Launches Campaign against Counterfeit Medicines
WHO launched an action plan at a meeting in Hanoi, Viet Nam, this month to crack down on substandard and counterfeit medicines circulating in six countries from the Greater Mekong sub-region. The campaign, following on from similar initiatives in...
WHO Supports Liberia's Health Crisis Appeal
Liberia launched an appeal for US$16 million to provide emergency health care to its beleaguered population in 2004 and to start rebuilding its collapsed public health system after systematic looting and destruction during the last decade of conflict....
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.