Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 79, No. 2, February

Active Surveillance for Acute Flaccid Paralysis in Poliomyelitis High-Risk Areas in Southern China
Voir page 109 le resume en francais. En la pagina 109 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction In 1988, WHO launched a global initiative to eradicate poliomyelitis by the year 2000 (1). In 1994, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) achieved...
Awareness of Eye Diseases in an Urban Population in Southern India
Voir page 101 le resume en francais. En la pagina 101 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Awareness of common eye diseases and their treatment can play an important role in encouraging people to seek timely eye care and can therefore help...
Changing Causes of Death in the West African Town of Banjul, 1942-97
Voir page 139 le resume en francais. En la pagina 140 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Over the past century, mortality has declined and life expectancy has increased in most areas of sub-Saharan Africa, as has happened all over the...
Coping with Changing Conditions: Alternative Strategies for the Delivery of Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning Services in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Voir page 149 le resume en francais. En la pagina 149 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Despite underdevelopment and widespread poverty, Bangladesh has achieved considerable success in family planning and immunization. Nevertheless,...
Diethylene Glycol Poisoning in Gurgaon, India, 1998
Voir page 94 le resume en francais. En la pagina 95 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act was passed by the United States Congress in 1938 in reaction to a public health accident that occurred in 1937...
Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Karachi Children
Editor -- The recent review of environmental lead exposure (1) is timely for Karachi, where we have just completed a survey of blood lead levels in children. Our objectives were to compare current levels with those from a study done a decade ago and...
Etiology of Urethral Discharge in West Africa: The Role of Mycoplasma Genitalium and Trichomonas Vaginalis
Voir page 125 le resume en francais. En la pagina 125 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The control of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can lead to a substantial reduction in the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
Film Actors' Flaunting of Tobacco Brands Rises despite Ban
Endorsement of tobacco brands by actors appearing in US-made feature films has increased significantly since 1990, when the American film industry adopted voluntary guidelines on paid tobacco brand endorsements, according to a US study published in...
Homicide among Adolescents in the Americas: A Growing Epidemic
Editor -- The article by Falbo, Buzzetti, & Cattaneo (1) in the last issue of the Bulletin highlights the growing epidemic of adolescent homicide in Brazil and in the Americas in general. One-third of all deaths due to homicides in the region are...
Local Problems, Local Solutions: Improving Tuberculosis Control at the District Level in Malawi
Voir page 116 le resume en francais. En la pagina 116 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Much has been written about the WHO strategy of directly observed therapy, short-course (DOTS), which has been promoted in the control of tuberculosis...
Low-Cost On-the-Job Peer Training of Nurses Improved Immunization Coverage in Indonesia
Voir page 157 le resume en francais. En la pagina 158 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Training by peers has been proposed as an efficient, effective, and sustainable training strategy (1-3). Many studies have shown that peer-based...
Making Medicines Safe
During the last 15 years, several hundred patients, many of them children, have died worldwide(a) from intoxication after using medicines contaminated by diethylene glycol (DEG) (1). The latest outbreak -- in Gurgaon, India -- in 1998, is described...
New Light on Malaria Parasite Life Cycle Fuels Hope for Prevention and Treatment
Discoveries made independently by two US research teams reveal insights into key stages of the malaria parasite's life cycle and could, according to experts, spur development of a vaccine and new drugs against the disease. One discovery, reported...
Population Health in Transition
Until recent times most deaths were caused by infectious diseases, degenerative diseases, or violence. Let us ignore violent deaths, as they can occur at any age. Infectious diseases are a threat from the day of birth and, indeed, the very young are...
Safe Management of Wastes from Health Care Activities
Safe management of wastes from health care activities A. Pruss, E. Giroult & P. Rushbrook, eds, World Health Organization, 1999. Price in industrialized countries Sw. fr. 72, in developing countries Sw. fr. 50.40. Winner of First Prize in the Public...
Situation Analysis for Cervical Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment in East, Central and Southern African Countries
Voir page 131 le resume en francais. En la pagina 132 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Cancer of the cervix is having a devastating impact on women's health around the world, especially in developing countries, where it is the most...
The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly
1971, 49(4): 509-538. THE EPIDEMIOLOGIC TRANSITION A Theory of the Epidemiology of Population Change Although demography continues to be the most prominent discipline concerned with population dynamics, involvement of other disciplines is highly...
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