Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 70, No. 3, May-June

A Low-Cost, Community-Based Measles Outbreak Investigation with Follow-Up Action
After several years of decline in the incidence of measles, a sharp increase of cases was reported in Kampala, Uganda, in April 1990. Data collected from selected hospitals in the city indicated that 28% of the measles patients were children aged below...
Application of Monoclonal Antibody Panels in the Virological and Epidemiological Review of Poliomyelitis in Poland, 1981-1990
Monoclonal antibody panels developed to differentiate vaccine-derived and wild-type strains of polioviruses were applied to isolates from cases of paralytic poliomyelitis, non-paralytic poliomyelitis, and healthy excreters of poliovirus from Poland....
Detection of HIV-1 Antibodies in Blood Specimens Spotted on Filter-Paper
Described are the results of an international collaborative study to evaluate th e use of the whole blood samples spotted on filter-paper (BSP) for the detection of antibodies to human i mmunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). BSP samples were collected...
Did Post-Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis Initiate the Outbreak in 24-Parganas?
Introduction Unlike other areas where kala-azar is endemic, in India it appears to be anthroponotic[1, 2] and the evidence available so far, although incomplete, is not consistent with the existence of a nonhuman reservoir for Leishmania donovani....
Disease, Illness and Health: Theoretical Models of the Disablement Process
Introduction While life expectancy has slowly but steadily increased over the years, both it and the mortality rate are not adequate indicators of the real health status of populations. For instance, the presence of chronic diseases and chronic...
Expanded Programme on Immunization for the 1990s
Expanded Programme on Immunization for the 1990s(d) At the present levels of coverage, it is estimated that immunization programmes prevent about 3.2 million deaths annually from measles, neonatal tetanus, and pertussis, as well as roughly...
Factors Influencing the Response to Chemotherapy in Human Cystic Echinococcosis
Human cystic echinococcosis was, until recently, a disease for which the only treatment was surgical intervention. Over the last 10 years, however, two benzimidazole compounds, mebendazole and albendazole, have been tested clinically for use in the...
Health Care Utilization Patterns in Developing Countries: Role of the Technology Environment in "Deriving" the Demand for Health Care
Introduction In developing countries, poor economic trends and budget cuts in the health sector have forced policy-makers to consider alternative sources of funding for health activities, e.g., the imposition of user fees. Several donor agencies...
Insecticide-Impregnated Bed Nets for Malaria Control: A Review of the Field Trials
Malaria is by far the most important insect-borne disease, 100 million person being infected each year[1]. Since most malaria-transmitting mosquitos bite indoors at night, insecticide-impregnated bed nets might provide useful protection. The assessment...
Public Health Actions and Nuclear Emergencies
Public health actions and nuclear emergencies Immediately after the Chernobyl disaster in April 1986, the WHO Regional Office for Europe set up an emergency operation that provided technical cooperation and communication links with Member...
Susceptibility of Plasmodium Falciparum Strains to Mefloquine in an Urban Area in Senegal
Introduction Chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria has spread all over West Africa, one of the last countries to be affected being Senegal[1]. Mefloquine is now available in several West African countries, and the recommended oral therapy...
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