Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 75, No. 2, March-April

Distribution and Prevalence of Major Risk Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases in Selected Countries: The WHO Inter-Health Programme
Introduction Important demographic changes have taken place in recent decades in developing countries. These are highlighted by a decrease in fertility rates and an important and steady reduction in infant and maternal mortality, communicable...
Health Expectancy Calculations: A Novel Approach to Studying Population Health in Bulgaria
Introduction For many years. life expectancy in almost every country has slowly but steadily been increasing. On the other hand, a rise in chronic disease and disability, especially among the elderly, has also been observed in many countries....
Introducing Quality Management into Primary Health Care Services in Uganda
Introduction The health status of people in sub-Saharan Africa continues to lag behind that of those in other regions (1, 2). Morbidity and mortality among children and adults remain unacceptably high. The health sector must meet increasing...
Microbiological Laboratory Results from Haiti: June-October 1995
Introduction The purpose of a combat support hospital is to provide primary and tertiary care for eligible sick or injured personnel in the area of operations. All such hospitals include basic laboratory services, although differences in capabilities...
Occupational Exposure to the Risk of HIV Infection among Health Care Workers in Mwanza Region, United Republic of Tanzania
Introduction Although the occupational risk of health workers acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is currently considered to be small (1), its importance is likely to increase, especially if other modes of HIV transmission...
Plague Foci in Viet Nam: Zoological and Parasitological Aspects
Introduction The sources of human plague outbreaks in Southeast Asia, including Viet Nam, have yet to be completely elucidated. Viet Nam lies in the tropical forest zone, and it is generally held that plague in this ecological area is imported...
Prevention of Diarrhoea in Young Children in Developing Countries
Introduction The main target of diarrhoea control programmes in developing countries is successful case-management, primarily through the use of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and promotion of appropriate feeding during and after an episode...
Recommended Normative Values for Thyroid Volume in Children Aged 6-15 Years
Inspection and palpation are the traditional methods used to determine thyroid volume. In areas of moderate-to-severe iodine deficiency, interobserver variations in performing this assessment are usually low; however, in areas of mild endemicity,...
Seasonal Variation of Opisthorchis Viverrini Infection in Cyprinoid Fish in North-East Thailand: Implications for Parasite Control and Food Safety
Introduction Foodborne trematode infections are important in Asia and some parts of Europe, and affect at least 17 million people (1). Opisthorchis felineus affects about 1.5 million in the former Soviet Union (2). Clonorchis sinensis is found...
Visual Field Constriction as a Cause of Blindness or Visual Impairment
Introduction In 1973 a WHO Study Group on the prevention of blindness proposed five categories of visual impairment that have since been widely adopted, permitting direct comparison of blindness and visual impairment rates from various studies...
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