Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 79, No. 7, July

Countries Split over Tobacco Treaty
Government negotiators from over 150 countries met in Geneva in May for a second round of talks on a global treaty on tobacco control and quickly found themselves at loggerheads over how vigorously the treaty should clamp down on tobacco advertising,...
Drug-Resistant HIV Increasing, UK Study Finds
Over a quarter of people newly infected with HIV in the UK and not yet receiving treatment may be carrying mutant virus strains already resistant to antiretroviral drugs, according to a study reported in the 5 May issue of the British Medical Journal....
Economics of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Introduction The report of a consensus development conference on coronary artery bypass surgery recommended a large increase in the number of such operations in the United Kingdom, to 300 for every million of the population, "if this represents...
Effect of Removing User Fees on Attendance for Curative and Preventive Primary Health Care Services in Rural South Africa
Voir page 670 le resume en francais. En la pagina 670 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Until recently, most basic health services in sub-Saharan Africa were free to the user. Driven in part by international agencies, including the World...
Efficacy of Oral Azithromycin versus Topical Tetracycline in Mass Treatment of Endemic Trachoma
Voit page 639 le resume en francais. En la pagina 639 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Trachoma is caused by the recurrent, chronic infection of the eye with Chlamydia trachomatis serotypes A, B, Ba or C, and progresses from inflammation...
Efficacy Trial of Vi Polysaccharide Vaccine against Typhoid Fever in South-Western China
Voir page 630 le resume en francais. En la pagina 630 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Typhoid fever is still an endemic infectious disease in some rural areas of China, especially in the south. The warm climate and the abundance of...
Europe Gets Tough on Smoking
In a move coherent with WHO's push for stringent legislation of tobacco products, the European Parliament, in a 15 May vote, approved of a package of far-reaching anti-smoking laws. The new rules -- which now have to be adopted by the individual European...
Every Death Counts: Measurement of Maternal Mortality Via a Census
Voir page 663 le resume en francais. En la pagina 664 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction High levels of maternal mortality in the developing world have been increasingly recognized as an urgent public health concern during the past decade....
Has Oral Fluid the Potential to Replace Serum for the Evaluation of Population Immunity Levels? A Study of Measles, Rubella and Hepatitis B in Rural Ethiopia
Voir page 594 le resume en francais. En la pagina 594 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Community surveys of the prevalence of specific IgG antibodies have frequently been used to study the epidemiology and improve control of viral infections....
Herbs for Health, but How Safe Are They?
Herbal medicines are popular. They are extensively used in the developing world, where in many places they offer a more widely available and more affordable alternative to pharmaceutical drugs. In Africa, for example, up to 80% of the population depends...
Intermittent Drugs Seen Highly Protective against Malaria
Malaria drugs given intermittently at the same time as routine childhood vaccinations could cut malaria episodes by nearly two-thirds, according to a randomised, placebo controlled trial reported in the 12 May issue of The Lancet. Dr David Schellenberg...
Modelling HIV/AIDS Epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa Using Seroprevalence Data from Antenatal Clinics
Voir page 606 le resume en francais. En la pagina 606 figura un resumen en espanol Introduction In the two decades since the first cases of AIDS were identified, HIV/AIDS has emerged as one of the leading challenges for global public health....
Neonatal Mortality of Low-Birth-Weight Infants in Bangladesh
Voir page 613 le resurme en francais. En la pagina 613 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Perinatal and neonatal mortality are increasingly important public health issues in many developing countries, as postneonatal mortality rates fall...
Operational Issues in Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, 1998-99
Voir page 645 le resume en francais. En la pagina 646 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Clinical trials have demonstrated that reductions of 37-50% in mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency type 1 virus (HIV-1) can be...
Predicting and Comparing Long-Term Measles Antibody Profiles of Different Immunization Policies
Voir page 622 le resume en francais. En la pagina 622 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Before the introduction of the mass immunization programme in 1978, measles was endemic with a 2-year epidemic cycle in Taiwan, China (1). The most...
Reinsurance of Health Insurance for the Informal Sector
Voir page 677 le resume en francais. En la pagina 677 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction The formula for success in extending health insurance in countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has been...
Risk-Pooling -- Necessary but Not Sufficient?
The search for a "good" health system is constant. Even in countries where comprehensively organized national health systems have existed for over a century, the debate on how best to design them to ensure the effective financing, organization and...
Setting Health Priorities: The Development of Cost-Effectiveness League Tables
Alan Williams's web site describes him as a "pseudo-retired professor of economics still active in promoting more explicit priority-setting based on cost-effectiveness approaches to both health maximisation and the reduction of health inequalities"....
Three Case Definitions of Malaria and Their Effect on Diagnosis, Treatment and Surveillance in Cox's Bazar District, Bangladesh
Voir page 655 le resume en francais. En la pagina 655 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Since the inception of the global Malaria Eradication Programme in 1961, malaria blood slide results and related indicators have been at the centre...
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