Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 72, No. 5, September-October

A 3-Year Follow-Up of Hypertension in Delhi
Introduction Over the period 1985-87 a community-based epidemiological study on coronary heart disease and hypertension was carried out in Delhi among 25-64-year-olds using a randomized house-to-house survey. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were obtained...
Allergen Nomenclature
Introduction Rapid advances have been made in the past few years on allergen characterization and sequence determination by chemical and molecular biological approaches. This is indicated by the list of allergens with known partial or complete...
Analysis of the Nucleotide Sequences of Variola Virus Genomes
Following the ratification of the eradication of smallpox by the Thirty-third World Health Assembly in May 1980, WHO commenced a five-year programme to implement the post-eradication policy adopted by the Assembly.(b) This policy included the reduction...
A Quasi-Experimental Epidemiological Model for Evaluating Public Health Programmes: Efficacy of a Chagas Disease Control Programme in Brazil
Introduction Public health programmes are traditionally evaluated in terms of their structures and processes since these can be assessed rapidly and can quickly provide answers to programme managers. However, only the evaluation of results can...
Barriers to Universal Child Immunization in Rural Senegal 5 Years after the Accelerated Expanded Programme on Immunization
Introduction In 1977 the World Health Assembly approved the goal of providing immunization for all the world's children by 1990 through the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI). In 1988, the EPI Global Advisory Group stressed the need to increase...
CD Antigens 1993: An Updated Nomenclature for Clusters of Differentiation on Human Cells
Introduction The nomenclature for clusters of differentiation (CD), which is dedicated to the designation of cell surface structures of human cells, was established by the International Workshop on Human Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens and continues...
Cholera in Metropolitan Manila: Foodborne Transmission Via Street Vendors
Introduction On 22 September 1961, the first cases of cholera for 25 years were identified in the Philippines. The disease spread rapidly in Manila and soon other cities and provinces reported cholera outbreaks (1). Subsequently, cholera has recurred...
Detection of Pyrethroid Resistance in Anopheles Mosquitos
Introduction Pyrethroid insecticides impregnated into bednets(a) or used for conventional residual house-spraying (1) are a promising weapon against malaria mosquitos, the rapid knockdown effect being an important advantage. However, there is concern...
Essential Drugs for Cancer Chemotherapy
Introduction Cancer is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Each year, 9 million new cancers are detected and 5 million people die of it. Many cancer patients, if diagnosed at an early stage and given appropriate treatment,...
Health Consequences of Vasectomy in India
The article on the safety of vasectomy by Farley et al. (1) and the subsequent communication by Wildschut & Monincx (2) considered the need for studies to explore a possible association between prostate cancer and vasectomy in developing pountries...
Influenza and Its Prevention in Europe
A meeting of virologists, epidemiologists, and public health specialists from 13 European countries, Australia, Canada, the USA, as well as from WHO, was held in Berlin, on 22-24 September 1993, to discuss planning for influenza pandemics in Europe....
In-Vitro Tests on Philippine Isolates of Plasmodium Falciparum against Four Standard Antimalarials and Four Qinghaosu Derivatives
Introduction During the early 1960s the resurgence of malaria was accompanied by the worldwide spread of chloroquine resistance from one or two foci in south-east Asia and South America. Compounding the situation more recently has been the development...
Measurement of Overall and Cause-Specific Mortality in Infants and Children: Memorandum from a WHO/UNICEF Meeting
Introduction The collection of up-to-date information on overall and cause-specific mortality in children is becoming more and more important because of its usefulness to a wide variety of decision-makers. At the provincial, district and local...
Nomenclature of Fc Receptors
Fc receptors have been defined as follows: "A group of surface membrane molecules that specifically bind immunoglobulins via the Fc portion and which mediate biological functions." The general abbreviation for Fc receptors is FcR. The Fc receptors specific...
Poliomyelitis Control in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip: Changing Strategies with the Goal of Eradication in an Endemic Area
Introduction Since 1949 Israel has faced the difficult challenge of controlling poliomyelitis. We report this experience here, since it could be helpful for identifying appropriate strategies suited to specific countries, especially those in endemic...
Prevalence and Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairments in Mongolia: A Survey of Populations Aged 40 Years and Older
Introduction The prevalence of severe blindness (defined as no light perception, or inability to see hand movements or count fingers at less than 25 cm) in various regions of Mongolia has been estimated at 0.2%; no figures are available on the...
Rapid Plasma Reagin Card Test: Evaluation of a Hand-Rotation Procedure and Stability of the RPR Antigen
Introduction Syphilis is a common disease in many developing countries. In Africa, the prevalence of syphilis seroreactivity among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics ranges from 4% to 15% (1). Adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with...
Sex-Specific Differences in Mortality after High-Titre Measles Immunization in Rural Senegal
Introduction Several studies have shown that Edmonston-Zagreb high-titre (EZ-HT) measles vaccine administered before 9 months of age is as immunogenic as Schwarz standard measles vaccine (SW-std) given at 9 months of age, even with the greater...
Software for Surveillance and Follow-Up of Oral Vaccination of Foxes against Rabies in Europe
ICP, a computer program for the analysis of data from routine rabies diagnoses and from follow-up investigations of oral rabies immunization of foxes, has been developed by the Federal Research Centre for Virus Diseases of Animals, Wusterhausen, Germany....
Vasectomy and the Risk of Prostate Cancer
Doubts have been expressed about the long-term safety of vasectomy because studies conducted in the USA have claimed that vasectomy is associated with an increased risk of prostate carcinoma (1, 2). Recently, Farley et al. reviewed the epidemiological...

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.