Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 77, No. 3, March

Confidential Inquiry into Malaria Deaths
Voir page 265 le resume en francais. En la pagina 266 figura un resumen en espanol. The Lowveld Region of South Africa's Mpumalanga Province is predominantly rural, and 40% of the 850 000 inhabitants live in traditional dwellings. There are seasonal...
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Artesunate and Quinine + Tetracycline for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Chanthaburi, Thailand
Voir page 241 le resume en francais. En la pagina 242 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Malaria is a major health problem in Thailand (1), and those who are responsible for its control and for drug policy need to address two important...
Essential Drugs in the New International Economic Environment
Voir page 291 le resume en francais. En la pagina 292 figura un resumen en espanol. Globalization and health The term "globalization", as well as describing current world economic trends, prescribes a strategy of development based on the liberalization...
External Quality Assessment of Enterovirus Detection and Typing
Voir page 221 le resume en francais. En la pagina 222 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Acute enterovirus infections are the most common cause of aseptic meningitis. Early, rapid diagnosis is important for adequate management of the...
Guidelines Set New Definitions, Update Treatment for Hypertension
Some 600 million people worldwide have high blood pressure and nearly 3 million die every year as a direct result. Yet seven out of every 10 people with hypertension are not being treated adequately, according to WHO and the International Society of...
HIV Stress in Primary School Teachers in Zambia
Voir page 287 resume en francais. En la pagina 287 un resumen en espanol. In Zambia, where the per capita annual income is one of the lowest in southern Africa, 20-35% of women attending antenatal clinics in urban areas are infected with HIV (1)....
Mental Health Care in Cambodia
Voir page 276 le resume en francais. En la pagina 276 figura un resumen en espanol. Cambodia's health infrastructure, destroyed by decades of war, is slowly being re-established. A primary care approach is envisaged, focusing on health centres with...
Mothers and Vaccination: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviour in Italy
Voir page 228 le resume en francais. En la pagina 229 figure un resume en espanol. Introduction The routine immunization programme for Italy has made vaccination against diphtheria and tetanus (DT) and poliovirus (oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV))...
Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PBDAY Study), 1986-96(*)
Voir page 254 le resume en francais. En la pagina 254 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Atherosclerosis, with its complications, is the pathological process that underlies most cases of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease,...
Plans for International Convention to Control Tobacco Move Ahead
Plans for a framework convention on tobacco control are moving ahead following a resolution by WHO's Executive Board calling on the Organization's 191 Member States to participate in drafting and negotiating the text of the convention. The resolution...
Practice and Education of Nurse Anaesthetists
Voir page 269 le resume en francais. En la pagina 270 figura un resumen en espanol. With a view to providing baseline data for quantitative studies on anaesthesia services provided by nurses and for health planning and policy-making in this field,...
Protection of Breastfeeding in Papua New Guinea
Voir page 273 le resume en francais. En la pagina 274 figura un resumen en espanol. Paediatricians, nutritionists and other health personnel working in Papua New Guinea during the early 1970s were aware of the devastating effects of bottle-feeding...
Response of Falciparum Malaria to Different Antimalarials in Myanmar
Voir page 247 le resume en francais. En la pagina 248 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Malaria is still a major health problem in Myanmar. Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs is a major contributing factor to the...
Risk Factors for Cervical Dysplasia in Kerala, India
Voir page 282 le resume en francais. En la pagina 283 figura un resumen en espanol. In industrialized countries the incidence of cervical cancer is generally low and there has been a steady decline in morbidity and mortality caused by the disease,...
Status of Pyrethroid Resistance in Anopheles Gambiae Sensu Lato
Voir page 233 le resume en francais. En la pagina 234 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Vector control is an important component of the WHO Global Strategy for Malaria Control, whose objective is to break the transmission of malaria...
The Antibacterial Paradox: Essential Drugs, Effectiveness, and Cost
Voir page 215 le resume en francais. En la pagina 215 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Infectious diseases, particularly sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea, are the leading cause of mortality...
Two Cultures, Two Levels of AIDS Risk
Voir page 279 le resume en francais. En la pagina 279 figura un resumen en espanol. By early 1997 over 150 000 cases of HIV/AIDS had occurred in China, and it is estimated that by 2000 the total will have reached over a million if the present trend...
Use of Illicit Drugs among High-School Students in Jamaica
Voir page 261 le resume en francais. En la pagina 261 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Drug use and abuse remain critical problems in most countries and are associated with several social and economic consequences (1). The use of illicit...
World Health Day Will Focus on Ageing
World Health Day is celebrated every year on 7 April. The date commemorates the day on which WHO was founded in 1948. The theme of this year's World Health Day is ageing, acknowledging the fact that the number of older people is growing rapidly worldwide....
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