Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 82, No. 2, February

Can Measles Be Eradicated Globally?
Voir page 137 le resume en francais. En la pagina 137 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Measles is one of the most infectious diseases. Before measles vaccine was introduced, nearly everyone contracted the disease at some point in childhood....
Child Mortality in a West African Population Protected with Insecticide-Treated Curtains for a Period of Up to 6 Years
Introduction Large trials of insecticide-treated netting (ITN), conducted over 2-year periods in various epidemiological settings across Africa, have reported 15-33% reductions in all-cause child mortality (1-4). An outstanding concern regarding...
Comparison of Patient Evaluations of Health Care Quality in Relation to WHO Measures of Achievement in 12 European Countries
Introduction In 2000, WHO reported an international comparison of health system performance (1). On the basis of five measures of health system achievement, 191 Member States were ranked (2). Improvements of the health status of the population and...
Control of Tuberculosis in an Urban Setting in Nepal: Public-Private Partnership
Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common cause of death in adults, with South Asia being the worst affected region (1, 2). To avoid poor or incomplete treatment, which can lead to relapse, increased transmission, and drug-resistant TB,...
Delays in Legislation Slow the Progress of CME in India
Indian medical associations say their doctors desperately need continuing medical education (CME) to keep them up to date with the latest drugs, equipment and medical practices but legislation to make this a requirement has made little progress. ...
Health-Related Millennium Development Goals out of Reach for Many Countries
Many developing countries will not be able to reach the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) unless clear and immediate action is taken combined with a concerted effort over the next 12 years, warned the World Bank and WHO in Geneva at...
Hepatitis B Vaccine Freezing in the Indonesian Cold Chain: Evidence and Solutions
Introduction Immunization has been identified as one of the most cost-effective health interventions (1). The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations and the Vaccine Fund have stimulated international support of vaccination programmes by...
Insecticide-Treated Nets for Malaria Control: Real Gains
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) have become an important tool in the prevention of malaria in highly endemic areas. At present, large-scale ITN programmes are being implemented in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America using a number of operational...
Kenneth Arrow and the Birth of Health Economics
Forty years ago, Kenneth Arrow published "Uncertainty and the welfare economics of medical care" in The American Economic Review (1). This paper became not only one of the most widely cited articles in the field of health economics--indeed, it marked...
Mali Takes Grass Roots Approach to Ending Female Genital Mutilation
The Government of Mali has taken action against the widespread practice of female genital mutilation. During a four-day meeting funded by UNICEF and held in the capital city, Bamako, the government agreed to assist local activists and religious leaders...
Mortality Certification and Cause-of-Death Reporting in Developing Countries
Certification of death is the foundation for monitoring mortality patterns and documenting the leading causes of death, with the results being used to inform health policies and improve prevention strategies. It has been vital to our understanding...
Patient Advocacy and Arthritis: Moving Forward
Introduction Patient advocacy, which goes hand-in-hand with patient empowerment and patient education, is a fundamental concept within the current movement of health care reform (1). Over the past 20 years, people affected by arthritis have turned...
Polio Will Be Finished by Year's End, Say Ministers of Health
Polio will become a thing of the past within the next twelve months said Ministers of Health and representatives from the six remaining polio-endemic countries at a high-level meeting at WHO headquarters in Geneva on 15 January. Representatives...
Regulatory Pathways for Vaccines for Developing Countries
Voir page 132 le resume en francais. En la pagina 133 figura un resumen en espanol. Background Vaccine regulation is a complex process, and improvement of national infrastructure in this area has progressed slowly. In 1999, WHO defined six regulatory...
SARS Virus Returns to China as Scientists Race to Find Effective Vaccine
SARS returned to China's Guangdong Province last month prompting a mass cull of wild animals suspected of contributing to the spread of the disease. However it is unlikely that vaccines being developed by scientists in Canada, China, the United States...
Science Meets Tradition and Identifies Herbal Treatment for Jaundice
Researchers at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, have shed light on how a Chinese herbal tea used for centuries to treat neonatal jaundice works (Journal of Clinical Investigation 2004;113:23-5). The finding could lead to new drugs...
Second-Generation HIV Surveillance: Better Data for Decision-Making
Voir page 125 le resume en francais. En la pagina 125 figura un resumen en espanol. Introduction Information generated by effective surveillance systems is essential for health professionals, national governments, and international agencies to...
Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care
I. Introduction: Scope and Method This paper is an exploratory and tentative study of the specific differentia of medical care as the object of normative economics. It is contended here, on the basis of comparison of obvious characteristics of the...
WHO Joins International Effort to Help Bam Earthquake Survivors
WHO has offered to provide technical and material support to the Islamic Republic of Iran, as its Ministry of Health faces the challenge of meeting the urgent health needs of tens of thousands of people affected by the recent earthquake in Bam. ...
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