Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 88, No. 4, April

Care Seeking at Time of Childbirth, and Maternal and Perinatal Mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh/Recours Aux Soins Au Moment De L'accouchement et Mortalite Maternelle et Perinatale a Matlab, Au Bangladesh/ Busqueda De Atencion Para El Parto Y Mortalidad Materna Y Perinatal En Matlab, Bangladesh
Introduction The United Nation's fourth and fifth Millennium Development Goals set targets for reducing child and maternal mortality by 2015. (1) Child survival has shown some improvement globally, but progress has been slow for maternal, perinatal...
China Wrestles with Tobacco Control: Around One-Third of the World's Smokers Live in China, Which Has Some of the Largest Tobacco Companies. Weiyuan Cui Interviews Dr Yang Gonghuan about the Formidable Forces of Opposition to Tobacco Control in a Country Estimated in 2002 to Have 350 Million Smokers
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Dr Yang Gonghuan is the deputy director general of the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, director of China's National Office of Tobacco Control and a professor of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. She...
Dengue and Primary Care: A Tale of Two Cities
Dengue virus infection is increasingly being recognized as the world's major emerging tropical disease. (1) Every year about 2.5 billion people worldwide are at risk of dengue. The disease infects an estimated 50 to 100 million individuals and, in...
Emergency Contraception: Dispelling the Myths and Misperceptions
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are now available in many countries, but have failed to have the desired impact on unwanted pregnancy rates. Why is this? Earlier barriers to access are becoming less and less prevalent. A market for ECPs has been...
Estimating the Obstetric Costs of Female Genital Mutilation in Six African countries/Estimation Des Couts Obstetricaux Des Mutilations Genitales Feminines Dans Six Pays d'Afrique/ Estimacion del Costo De la Atencion Obstetrica Por Mutilacion Genital Femenina En Seis Paises Africanos
Introduction The term "female genital mutilation" (FGM) denotes any procedure involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, as well as injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. (1) The World Health Organization...
Fatal Injuries among Urban Children in South Africa: Risk Distribution and Potential for reduction/Traumatismes Fatals Parmi Les Enfants Urbains d'Afrique Du Sud: Distribution Des Risques et Possibilites De Les reduire/Lesiones Mortales En Ninos De Zonas Urbanas De Sudafrica: Distribucion De Los Riesgos Y Posibilidades De Reducirlos
Introduction The health and lives of children from the African Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) are threatened not only by nutritional deficiencies and infectious diseases but also by injuries of various kinds. (1,2) The older the children...
Global Disparities in the Epilepsy Treatment Gap: A Systematic review/Disparites Mondiales Dans L'insuffisance De Traitement De L'epilepsie : Revue Systematique/ Disparidades Mundiales En la Brecha De Tratamiento De la Epilepsia: Revision Sistematica
Introduction Epilepsy affects 50 million people worldwide, and 80% of them live in the developing world. (1) An individual with epilepsy suffers recurrent seizures unprovoked by acute brain insults or metabolic derangements. Seizures are characterized...
Growing Threat from Counterfeit Medicines: Lifesaving Drugs Are Not Exempt from the Trade in Counterfeit Medicines. the World Health Organization (WHO) Is Working with Interpol to Dislodge the Criminal Networks Raking in Billions of Dollars from This Cynical Trade
In 2009, 20 million pills, bottles and sachets of counterfeit and illegal medicines were seized in a five-month operation coordinated by the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) across China and seven of its south-east Asian neighbours;...
Implementation of Co-Trimoxazole Prophylaxis and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy for People Living with HIV/Mise En Oeuvre De la Prophylaxie Par le Co-Trimoxazole et Du Traitement Preventif Par L'isoniazide Chez Les Personnes Vivant Avec le VIH/Aplicacion De la Profilaxis Con Cotrimoxazol Y la Terapia Preventiva Con Isoniazida En Los Afectados Por El VIH
Introduction At the end of 2007, 33.2 million people worldwide were living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and 95% of them resided in low- or middle-income countries. (1) Approximately 3 million people were receiving antiretroviral...
Level of Urbanization and Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factors in Tamil Nadu, India/Niveau D'urbanisation et Facteurs De Risque De Maladies Non Transmissibles a Tamil Nadu (Inde)/Nivel De Urbanizacion Y Factores De Riesgo De Enfermedades No Transmisibles En Tamil Nadu, India
Introduction Over the last few decades, traditional societies in many developing countries have experienced rapid and unplanned urbanization, which has led to lifestyles characterized by unhealthy nutrition, reduced physical activity and tobacco...
Narrowing Socioeconomic Inequality in Child Stunting: The Brazilian Experience, 1974-2007/reduction Des Inegalites Socioeconomiques En Termes De Retard De Croissance Des Enfants : Experience Du Bresil, 1974-2007/reduccion De la Desigualdad Socioeconomica En Materia De Retraso del Crecimiento Infantil: La Experiencia del Brasil, 1974-2007
Introduction Optimal child growth requires adequate energy and nutrient intake, absence of disease and appropriate care. Poor living conditions, including household food insecurity, low parental education, lack of access to quality health care and...
National Survey of Tuberculosis Prevalence in Viet Nam/Enquete Nationale Sur la Prevalence De la Tuberculose Au Viet Nam/Encuesta Nacional Sobre la Prevalencia De Tuberculosis En Viet Nam
Introduction Tuberculosis is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In 2006, an estimated 9.2 million new tuberculosis cases occurred, resulting in 1.7 million deaths. (1) The Viet Nam National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP)...
Science, Media and Public Perception: Implications for Climate and Health Policies
International climate policy has been set back by the failure to achieve a strong and legally binding agreement at the United Nations' Climate Change Conference held in Copenhagen in December 2009. This has been compounded by the unauthorized release...
What? No Waiting Lists? the Swiss Health System Is a Model That Is Envied for Its Universal Coverage and Standard of Care. Everyone Has Insurance and There Are No Queues for Treatment. So Why Are People Complaining?
Every year as Switzerland's Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) announces the annual round of health insurance premium increases, this nation of 7.5 million people lets out a collective groan. Last year, the pain was greater than usual. Concerned...
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