Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 90, No. 7, July

Caring after Conflict: Senator Romeo Dallaire Commanded the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda in 1994. He Spoke to Ben Jones about Helping Combatants after Conflict, Child Soldiers and Why Writing His Books Meant "Going Back to Hell"
Q: How has armed conflict changed and what effect do these cha nges have on the mental health of soldiers? A: We have stumbled into a new era of conflict. Rather than a hiatus in the use of force, we have seen a continuum of failing states and imploding...
Cash Transfer Schemes and the Health Sector: Making the Case for Greater Involvement
Cash transfer schemes can be important contributors to human development and social protection. Although they have significant health benefits, they have rarely been considered an integral part of the health policy portfolio. We believe that a case...
Chronic Hepatitis C Treatment Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis/Resultats Du Traitement De L'hepatite C Chronique Dans Les Pays a Revenu Faible et Moyen: Evaluation Systematique et Meta-analyse/Resultados del Tratamiento De la Hepatitis C Cronica En Paises De Ingresos Medios Y Bajos: Examen Sistematico Y Meta-Analisis
Introduction Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a growing public health concern. Globally an estimated 180 million people, or roughly 3% of the world's population, are currently infected. (1) The burden of disease is greatest in developing countries:...
Effectiveness of a No-Sex or Safe-Sex Month in Reducing HIV transmission/Efficacite D'un Mois D'abstinence Ou De Rapports Sexuels Proteges Pour Reduire la Transmission Du VIH/La Eficacia De Un Mes De Abstinencia O De Sexo Sin Riesgos Para Reducir la Transmision del VIH
Introduction Despite significant investment in programmes for the treatment and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the prevalence of such infection in sub-Saharan Africa remains stubbornly high. In 2009, for example, an...
Ending Polio, One Type at a Time: Countries Have Endorsed a Plan for the Polio Endgame, One That Hinges on Making Inactivated Polio Vaccine More Affordable for Low- and Middle-Income Countries
In 2000, the polio eradication campaign seemed to be nearing its end. Wild type 2 poliovirus had been stamped out worldwide the previous year, while poliovirus types 1 and 3 had been confined to a few hundred cases. But then, the virus did something...
Estimating the Cost of New Public Health legislation/Estimation Du Cout D'une Nouvelle Legislation Relative a la Sante publique/Como Calcular El Coste De Una Legislacion Nueva Sobre Sanidad Publica
Introduction There is strong scientific evidence that the law can help improve public health. A recent publication identified 65 systematic reviews of studies on the effectiveness of a total of 52 public health laws: (1) 27 of the 52 (52%) were...
Improved and Standardized Method for Assessing Years Lived with Disability after injury/Methode Amelioree et Normalisee Pour Evaluer Les Annees Vecues Avec Une Incapacite Apres Une blessure/Metodo Mejorado Y Estandarizado Para Evaiuar Los Anos Vividos Con Una Discapacidad Despues De Un Traumatismo
Introduction The setting of priority in health care, surveillance and interventions is based increasingly on the results of studies on the burdens of disease and injury. (1,2) The burden of a disease is now generally expressed in disability-adjusted...
Potential Cardiovascular Mortality Reductions with Stricter Food Policies in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland/Reductions Potentielles De la Mortalite D'origine Cardiovasculaire Par Une Politique Alimentaire Plus Stricte Au Royaume-Uni De Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande Du Nord/Posible Reduccion De la Mortalidad Por Enfermedades Cardiovasculares a Traves
Introduction Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in the United Kingdom, where coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke cause 150 000 deaths every year. Of these CVD deaths, more than 40 000 occur prematurely, in people younger...
Practice Audits to Reduce Caesareans in a Tertiary Referral Hospital in South-Western China/Audit De Bonnes Pratiques Pour Reduire Les Cesariennes Dans Un Hopital De Troisieme Ligne En Chine Du Sud-ouest/Auditorias De Las Practicas Para Reducir Las Cesareas En Un Hospital De Atencion Terciaria En El Suroeste De China
Introduction Caesarean delivery rates are steadily increasing in many parts of the world. Although caesarean delivery greatly improves obstetric outcomes when clinically indicated, excessively high caesarean delivery rates have raised concern about...
Reduced Price on Rotavirus Vaccines: Enough to Facilitate Access Where Most Needed?
Introduction Rotavirus infections, the most common cause of severe childhood diarrhoea, result in approximately 527 000 child deaths every year. The majority of these deaths occur in low-income countries, particularly in Africa and Asia. (1) ...
Supplementary Polio Immunization Activities and Prior Use of Routine Immunization Services in Non-Polio-Endemic Sub-Saharan Africa/Campagnes De Vaccination Antipoliomyelitique Supplementaire et Recours Anterieur Aux Services De Vaccination De Routine En Afrique Subsaharienne Non-Polio-endemique./Actividades Suplementarias De Inmunizacion Contra la Poliomielitis Y USO
Introduction Since the late 1980s, use of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) has been a key strategy of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI). SIAs are mass vaccination campaigns that aim to administer additional doses of oral...
Tracking Global Funding for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases
Despite increased global aid for development and health--from 5.6 billion United States dollars (US$) in 1990 to US$ 21.8 billion in 2007 (1)--donors and wider society have become skeptical about the benefits of this aid. This is reflected in a call...
When Subatomic Physics Research Meets Clinical Oncology: New but Costly Forms of Hadron Therapy to Treat Certain Cancers Raise Important Questions about How Much Health Systems Can Afford to Pay, but for Some Cancers, Including Many Child Cancers, They Are among the Most Promising Treatments We Have
When Alison Ainsworth was told that her eight-year-old son, Izaak, had an inoperable brain tumour (pilocytic astrocytoma), she and her husband, Ged, who live in Wigan, in the United Kingdom, were faced with some grim choices. "The options at that point...
Women's Health beyond Reproduction: Meeting the Challenges
Women's health and noncommunicable diseases are both generating increasing interest within the international community. Over the past two years major action platforms have been launched in these areas, including the United Nations' Global Strategy...

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