Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 90, No. 8, August

Achieving High Coverage in Rwanda's National Human Papillomavirus Vaccination programme/Atteinte D'un Niveau De Couverture Eleve Pour le Programme National Rwandais De Vaccination Contre le Papillomavirus humain/Como Alcanzar Una Cobertura Elevada En El Programa Nacional De Vacunacion Contra El Virus del Papiloma Humano En Rwanda
Background Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus found in virtually all cases of cervical cancer, (1) which kills 275 000 women every year (2) and is the biggest contributor to years of life lost from cancer among women in the...
A Systematic Review of Demographic and Health Surveys: Data Availability and Utilization for research/Revue Sysematique Des Enquetes Demographiques et De Sante: Disponibilite et Utilisation Des Dennees Pour la recherche/Revision Sistematica De Las Encuestas Demograficas Y De Salud: Disponibilidad De Los Datos Y Su USO En Investigaciones
Introduction The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) project, funded primarily by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) with support from other donors and host countries, has conducted over 230 nationally representative...
Counting the Cost of Calories: Obesity Is a Significant Public Health Issue. Marion Nestle Spoke with Ben Jones about Calories and Why Anti-Obesity Measures Must Prevail
Dr Marion Nestle received her BA in 1959 from the University of California, Berkeley, in the United States of America. She earned a doctorate in molecular biology, also from Berkeley, and then did postdoctoral work in Biochemistry and Developmental...
International Shortfall Inequality in Life Expectancy in Women and in Men, 1950-2010/inegalite Internationale De L'esperance De Vie Des Femmes et Des Hommes, Mesuree En Termes D'ecart, 1950-2010/desigualdad Internacional En la Desviacion En la Esperanza De Vida En Mujeres Y En Hombres, 1950-2010
Introduction Life expectancy at birth has long been recognized as a summary measure of mortality that allows inequality levels and trends to be compared within and across societies. (1) The second half of the 20th century saw large and sustained...
New Drugs from Ancient Texts: Despite the Bad Press That Traditional Chinese Medicine Sometimes Receives, Proponents Believe It Represents an Untapped Pharmacopeia and Are Using Cutting Edge Biotechnology to Prove It
Professor Karl Wah-Keung Tsim, a neurobiologist who heads a research team in the Life Science Division of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region University of Science and Technology, believes that, for all the challenges it may face, traditional...
Performance-Based Financing in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Still More Questions Than Answers
Performance-based financing is promoted as a promising strategy for improving health service delivery and helping to reach the Millennium Development Goals. (1,2) But what is the evidence supporting its use? Performance-based financing may be defined...
Screening the Genes: Low- and Middle-Income Countries Are Catching Up on the Use of Screening for Birth Defects
The application of genomic research to public health services in the last decades has led to more accurate and faster diagnostic tests, the development of new drugs and to the early detection of genetic disorders. But while wealthier countries have...
The Role of Biomedical Engineering in Disaster Management in Resource-Limited Settings
Introduction The costs of natural disasters, such as earthquakes and floods, and of wars and other man-made catastrophes go beyond the immediate loss of life, property, infrastructure and livelihood. The public health crisis that unfolds over ensuing...
The Voice of the Most Vulnerable: Lessons from the Nuclear Crisis in Fukushima, Japan
On 11 March 2011, the great earthquake in eastern Japan and its accompanying tsunami caused a meltdown at the Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima. Large amounts of airborne radioactive materials were released into the atmosphere, causing Widespread...
Trans-Disciplinary Research to Improve Health Systems' Disaster Readiness and Response
Several high-impact disasters in the last decade have shown diverse environmental and social settings to be vulnerable to natural hazards. According to the United Nations (UN), in 2011 302 disasters resulting from natural hazards killed 29 782 people...
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