Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 91, No. 3, March

Emergency Obstetric Care in Mali: Catastrophic Spending and Its Impoverishing Effects on households/Soins Obstetricaux D'urgence Au Mali Les Depenses Catastrophiques et Leurs Effets Appauvrissants Sur Les Menages/ Atencion Obstetrica De Urgencia En Mali: Gastos Catastroficos Y Sus Efectos Empobrecedores En Los Hogares
Introduction Most efforts designed to reduce inequities in maternal health in low-income countries have been focused primarily on averting maternal deaths. However, in countries with poorly functioning health systems, severe obstetric complications...
Evaluation, in Three Provinces, of the Introduction and Impact of China's National Essential Medicines Scheme/Evaluation De L'introduction et De L'mpact Du Programme National Chinois Des Medicaments Essentiels Dans Trois provinces/Evaluacion De la Introduccion E Impacto del Plan Nacional De Medicamentos Esenciales De China En Tres Provincias
Introduction Chinas 12th Five-Year Plan, covering the years 2011-2015, focuses particularly on equitable and sustainable development, in an acknowledgement that economic growth has not benefited all population groups equally. One area of major inequity...
Global Health Diplomacy: Five Years On
In the 132nd session of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization (WHO), held in January of this year, the phrase "health diplomacy" was mentioned time and time again. Indeed, the Director-General used it in her opening remarks: "Health...
How Brazil Joined the Quest for a Yellow Fever Vaccine
Brazil recently announced an agreement between its Bio-Manguinhos vaccine unit and two US companies to research and develop a new yellow fever vaccine. Claudia Jurberg and Julia D'Aloisio talk to Jaime Benchimol about the controversial history of the...
Identifying High-Risk Areas for Sporadic Measles Outbreaks: Lessons from South Africa/Identifier Les Zones a Haut Risque D'epidemies Sporadiques De Rougeole: Les Lecons De l'Afrique Du Sud/Identificacion De Las Areas Con Riesgo Alto De Sufrir Brotes Esporadicos De Sarampion: Lecciones Desde Sudafrica
Introduction Measles is highly contagious and the transmission intensity (1) of the measles virus exceeds that of most human pathogens. (2) Despite progress in controlling measles since 2000, the disease remains endemic in many countries and killed...
Landmines and Explosive Remnants of War: A Health Threat Not to Be Ignored
Landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) continue to kill, injure and destroy lives and livelihoods. They cause an estimated 11 to 12 casualties daily and are not confined to a single part of the world. The six countries with the highest landmine...
New Diagnostic Test Changes Tuberculosis Landscape
A new diagnostic test for tuberculosis--including its most common resistant form--is being rolled out at record pace, with South Africa its biggest implementer. The challenge now is to treat the new cases. Claire Keeton reports. Molecular technology...
New Treaty on Mercury
A new treaty to reduce the harmful effects of mercury for human health and the environment was approved by more than 140 countries in January. The Minamata Convention on Mercury--named after the Japanese city that suffered a human health and environmental...
Private Sector Contributions and Their Effect on Physician Emigration in the Developing world/Contributions Du Secteur Prive et Leur Effet Sur L'emigration Des Medecins Dans Les Pays En Voie De developpement/Las Contribuciones del Sector Sanitario Privado Y Su Efecto Sobre la Emigracion De Medicos De Paises En Desarrollo
Introduction There has been considerable academic interest in the growth of the private sector in the delivery and financing of health care in developing countries. In a recent editorial, Forsberg et al. drew attention to the "major role in financing...
The Sound of Silence: Missing the Opportunity to Save Lives at Birth
The adverse impact of syphilis on child health has been known for over 500 years, yet the World Health Organization (WHO) only targeted congenital syphilis for elimination in 2007. (1) Syphilis in pregnancy is not rare. Far more pregnant women have...
The Underreporting of Landmine and Explosive Remnants of War Injuries in Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic and Viet Nam
Injuries place an enormous burden on individuals, households, and communities and they exacerbate poverty. (1) A substantial but often under-recognized cause of injury in post-conflict environments is the presence of landmines and explosive remnants...
Untreated Maternal Syphilis and Adverse Outcomes of Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis/Syphilis Maternelle Non Traitee et Issues De Grossesse Defavorables: Revue Systematique et Meta-Analyse/ la Sifilis Materna No Tratada Y Los Resultados Adversos En El Embarazo: Revision Sistematica Y Metanalisis
Introduction In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 1.86 million cases of syphilis occur globally among pregnant women each year and that a large proportion of them are untreated or inadequately treated. Up to one third of the...
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