Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 92, No. 3, March

Compulsory Patent Licensing and Local Drug Manufacturing Capacity in Africa/Octroi De Licence Obligatoire et Capacite De Production Locale De Medicaments En Afrique/La Concesion Obligatoria De Licencias De Patentes Y la Capacidad De Fabricacion Local De Medicamentos En Africa
International patent law and access to medicines Since the adoption of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (hereafter, the "TRIPS Agreement") in 1994, the implications of the World Trade Organization (WTO) intellectual...
Countries Need Cancer Prevention
The number of new cancer cases worldwide increased to 14.1 million in 2012 from 12.7 million in 2008, while the number of cancer deaths increased from 7.6 million in 2008 to 8.2 million in 2012, according to the World cancer report 2014. The report...
Disability Weights in the Global Burden of Disease 2010 Study: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back?
In the global burden of disease (GBD) project, the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is used as a measure of disease burden. DALYs combine years of life lost to premature death and years lived with a disability or health condition, weighted for...
Evidence-Based Medicine Vital for Health and Medical Progress in China
Evidence-based medicine--using the best available evidence to make decisions about individual patients' care -- holds vast untapped potential for improving health in China. Youping Li talks to Ursula Zhao. Professor Youping Li, an organ transplant...
From Concept to Measurement: Operationalizing WHO's Definition of Unsafe Abortion
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines unsafe abortion as a procedure for terminating a pregnancy performed by persons lacking the necessary skills or in an environment not in conformity with minimal medical standards, or both. This definition...
Preserving Pyrethroids
Insecticide resistance threatens to reverse recent gains in malaria control, but new products may soon be available. Patrick Adams reports from Malawi. Few places could be more conducive to malaria transmission than the Chikwawa district of southern...
The Difficulty of Making Healthy Choices and "Health in All Policies"
Healthy choices are difficult choices. On a Sunday afternoon, how many people would choose the exertion of jogging around the neighbourhood for an hour over the immediate gratification of watching a football game? Similarly, someone having to choose...
The Incremental Cost of Switching from Option B to Option B+ for the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/El Coste Adicional del Cambio De la Opcion B+ a la Opcion B+ Para la Prevencion De la Transmision del VIH De Madre a Hijo/ Surcout Du Passage De l'Option B a l'Option B+ Pour la Prevention De la Transmission Du VIH De la Mere a L'enfant
Introduction In July 2011, a United Nations political declaration called for greater efforts to eliminate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It established commitments and targets, including...
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