Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 93, No. 12, December

A Telemedicine Network for Remote Paediatric Cardiology Services in North-East Brazil/Reseau De Telemedecine Offrant Des Services De Cardiologie Pediatrique a Distance Dans le Nord-Est Du Bresil/Una Red De Telemedicina Para Los Servicios De Cardiologia Pediatrica Remotos En El Noreste De Brasil
Introduction Caring for children with heart defects remains a challenge worldwide. (1) In developing countries, diagnoses are often late due to the lack of screening programmes and trained personnel. (2) The problem is worsened by limited availability...
Cholera in Iraq
A vaccine campaign was launched in Iraq last month to immunize some 250 000 displaced people and refugees across 13 of the country's 19 governorates. The first round of vaccinations got under way in the first week of November. In early December,...
Climate Change and Health in Pacific Island States
The health and well-being of human populations --and the very existence of low-lying island states--depend on an ambitious outcome at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, (Paris, 30 November...
Europe Gears Up to Attend to Refugees' Health: Countries Already Squeezed by the Financial Crisis Are Struggling to Respond to the Health Needs of Large Numbers of Refugees and Migrants
Dr Santino Severoni and his team conducted their first mission to Lampedusa in March 2011. For months large numbers of refugees and migrants from the Eastern Mediterranean, Africa and Asia had been arriving on the shores of the tiny Italian island....
Including Migrant Populations in Health Impact Assessments
In 2010, there were 214 million international migrants worldwide, a number that is projected to double by 2050. (1) Migrants' motives for leaving their countries of origin include employment and education opportunities, escape from conflict and discrimination...
Learning from Ebola: Readiness for Outbreaks and Emergencies
For almost 70 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) has coordinated the norms and technical standards required to improve global health. This is the role people most often associate with WHO. However, the organizations constitution also calls...
Polio Vaccine Switch
Each country and territory using the trivalent oral polio vaccine (that protects against three types of the virus) should switch to the bivalent oral polio vaccine (that protects against two types of the virus) during the last two weeks of April next...
Rapid Diagnostic Tests for malaria/Tests De Diagnostic Rapide Du paludisme/Pruebas De Diagnostico Rapido del Paludismo
Introduction In the 1950s, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched a global malaria eradication programme based primarily on a strategy of vector control with insecticides supplemented with mass drug administration to people living in malaria-endemic...
Reviewers
The Editorial Team would like to thank all those who gave generously of their time and expertise in reviewing the papers for the Bulletin of the World Health Organization In 2015. A Abdulameer, Atheer Abou-Zahr, Carla Abramowitz, Sharon...
Strategies for Achieving Global Collective Action on Antimicrobial resistance/Strategies Visant L'accomplissement D'une Action Collective Mondiale Sur la Resistance Aux antimicrobiens/Estrategias Para Lograr Una Accion Colectiva Global Frente a la Resistencia a Los Antimicrobianos
Introduction Antimicrobial medicines now save millions of lives each year and many infectious diseases are far less deadly because of them. (1) However, bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi develop resistance to existing medicines and few novel...
The Environmental and Health Impacts of Tobacco Agriculture, Cigarette Manufacture and consumption/Impacts Environnementaux et Sanitaires De la Culture Du Tabac, De la Fabrication De Cigarettes et De Leur consommation/Los Efectos Medioambientales Y Sanitarios del Cultivo De Tabaco Y la Produccion Y Consumo De Cigarrillos
Introduction The human health impacts of tobacco use are well-documented. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there will be more than 8 million tobacco-related deaths a year by 2030, amounting to 10% of annual deaths worldwide. (1)...
The Environmental Profile of a Community's Health: A Cross-Sectional Study on Tobacco Marketing in 16 Countries/ Profil Environnemental De la Sante D'une Communaute: Etude Transversale Sur le Marketing Du Tabac Dans 16 Pays/ El Perfil Ambiental De la Salud De Una Comunidad: Un Estudio Transversal Sobre la Publicidad del Tabaco En 16 Paises
Introduction Tobacco is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, responsible for an estimated 18%, 11% and 4% of deaths in high-, middle- and low-income countries, respectively. (1) Since the prevalence of smoking is falling in high-income countries...
Tuberculosis-Associated Mortality in Shanghai, China: A Longitudinal Study/ Mortalite Due a la Tuberculose a Shanghai, En Chine: Une Etude Longitudinale/ la Mortalidad Por Tuberculosis En Shanghai, China: Un Estudio Longitudinal
Introduction China has approximately 1 million new cases of tuberculosis per year, (1-3) resulting in a substantial burden of premature mortality. (2) Several factors are known to increase the risk of tuberculosis-associated mortality, including...
WHO Steps Up Its Role in Health Emergencies
The World Health Organization is on the brink of a major transformation into an agency that is fully mandated and equipped to respond to outbreaks and humanitarian emergencies. David Nabarro talks to Fiona Fleck. Q: How did you first become interested...
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