Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 94, No. 6, June

A Tuberculosis Nationwide Prevalence Survey in Gambia, 2012/ Enquete Sur la Prevalence De la Tuberculose a L'echelle Nationale En Gambie En 2012/ Una Encuesta Nacional De Prevalencia De la Tuberculosis En Gambia, 2012
Introduction Tuberculosis killed 1.5 million people in 2014 and is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. (1) Sub-Saharan Africa, with 28% (9.6 million) of all notified tuberculosis cases in 2014, endures a disproportionate...
Charting a Path to End the AIDS Epidemic
From 8 to 10 June 2016, heads and representatives of states and governments, along with other key stakeholders, will assemble at the United Nations (UN) in New York, for the High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS. There are three reasons why this meeting...
Defining the Syndrome Associated with Congenital Zika Virus Infection
Zika virus infection in humans is usually mild or asymptomatic. However, some babies born to women infected with Zika virus have severe neurological sequelae. An unusual cluster of cases of congenital microcephaly and other neurological disorders in...
Fake Lifejackets Play a Role in Drowning of Refugees
Fake lifejackets are one of the hazards refugees face when they risk their lives to cross the sea to Europe. Menelaos Tzafalias reports from the Greek island of Lesbos. Last September, Nikolaos Andreou saw a blue object on the seafloor in front...
Innovation for Healthy Ageing: A Call for Papers
In most regions, over the past 50 years, socioeconomic development has been accompanied by large falls in fertility and equally dramatic increases in life expectancy. (1) This phenomenon has led to rapidly ageing populations around the world. The fastest...
Measuring the Adequacy of Antenatal Health Care: A National Cross-Sectional Study in Mexico/ Mesurer le Caractere Adequat Des Soins Prenataux: Une Etude Transversale Nationale Au Mexique/ Medicion De la Idoneidad De la Atencion Sanitaria Prenatal: Un Estudio Transversal Nacional En Mexico
Introduction Optimizing maternal and infant health requires, but is not limited to, the provision of available and accessible health care delivered by skilled health personnel throughout the antenatal period. (1) Besides offering the interventions...
New Process for DG Election
The process to elect a new Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) has started with a new code of conduct, new forums for candidates to interact with Member States and a new electronic voting system to promote transparency and fairness....
Priority-Setting for Achieving Universal Health Coverage/ Definition Des Priorites Pour Parvenir a la Couverture Sanitaire Universelle/ Establecimiento De Prioridades Para Conseguir Una Cobertura Sanitaria Universal
Introduction Universal health coverage (UHC) has been defined as "the desired outcome of health system performance whereby all people who need health services receive them, without undue financial hardship." (1) However, scarce resources in most...
Scale-Up of Integrated Malaria Vector Control: Lessons from Malawi/ Amplification De la Lutte Integree Contre Les Vecteurs Du Paludisme: Enseignements Tires De L'experience Du Malawi/ Ampliacion del Control Integrado De Vectores De la Malaria: Lecciones De Malawi
Introduction Malaria remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Approximately 214 million malaria cases and 438 000 malaria-related deaths were reported globally in 2015. The highest burden is seen in sub-Saharan Africa, where over 88%...
The Big Causes of Death from Noncommunicable Disease: Richard Peto Tells Andreia Azevedo Soares Why Efforts to Reduce Premature Death from Noncommunicable Diseases Should Focus Mainly on the Big Causes
Q: You wanted to be an astronomer when you were at school. How did you become interested in medical statistics? A: By accident. At university I stumbled into statistics without really knowing what it was, then in 1967 I had a job interview with...
The Role of the Law in Reducing Tuberculosis Transmission in Botswana, South Africa and Zambia/Role De la Legislation Dans la Reduction De la Transmission De la Tuberculose En Afrique Du Sud, Au Botswana et En Zambie/ El Papel De la Legislacion a la Hora De Reducir la Transmision De la Tuberculosis En Botswana, Sudafrica Y Zambia
Introduction Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people in Africa, (1,2) where 80% of HIV-positive tuberculosis cases and deaths occur. (3) In sub-Saharan Africa, transmission of tuberculosis...
Tougher Action Needed on Breast-Milk Substitutes
Breast-milk substitutes are still being marketed too aggressively in many countries, 35 years after an international code was adopted to promote breastfeeding and, in turn, to protect infant health. A new report, released by WHO, the United Nations...
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