Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Articles from Vol. 95, No. 7, July

A Global Database of Abortion Laws, Policies, Health Standards and Guidelines
In June 2017 the United Nations Development Programme/United Nations Population Fund/United Nations Children's Fund/World Health Organization (WHO)/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP)...
Data Sharing Statements for Clinical Trials: A Requirement of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) believes there is an ethical obligation to responsibly share data generated by interventional clinical trials because trial participants have put themselves at risk. In January 2016 we...
Implementation Research to Improve Quality of Maternal and Newborn Health Care, Malawi/Recherche Sur la Mise En Oeuvre, Dans Une Optique D'amelioration De la Qualite Des Soins De Sante Maternelle et Neonatale Au Malawi/Investigaciones Sobre la Ejecucion Para Mejorar la Calidad De la Atencion Sanitaria Materna Y Obstetrica, Malawi
Introduction Improving health-care quality is essential to health systems strengthening. (1) Financial, material and human resource limitations challenge low- and middle-income countries to sustain satisfactory health-care quality performance. (2)...
Improving Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Health-Care Facilities, Liberia/Ameliorer L'eau, L'assainissement et L'hygiene Dans Les Centres De Sante Au Liberia/Mejora del Agua, El Saneamiento Y la Higiene En Centros Sanitarios, Liberia
Introduction Water, sanitation and hygiene in health-care facilities are preconditions for providing health care of good quality. Despite this knowledge, a 2015 report revealed that 38% of the 66101 health-care facilities assessed in low- and middle-income...
Moving Thailand's Mountain of Alcohol-Related Harm: Few Low- and Middle-Income Countries Have Done So Much to Protect Their Citizens from Alcohol-Related Harms, but Thailand Still Faces Challenges
Kumron Choodecha recalls how a spontaneous grassroots movement sprung up overnight to oppose the influence of the alcohol industry in his country. Kumron was one of thousands of people who took to the streets of the capital Bangkok in 2005 to protest...
Observations of Infection Prevention and Control Practices in Primary Health Care, Kenya/Observation Des Pratiques De Prevention et De Lutte Contre Les Infections Lors Des Soins De Sante Primaires Au Kenya/Observaciones De Las Practicas De Prevencion Y Control De Infecciones En la Atencion Sanitaria Primaria, Kenya
Introduction The prevention and control of infections is critical for a well-functioning health system. However, worldwide an estimated 21 million cases of hepatitis B virus infection and 200 000 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
Patient Empowerment Can Lead to Improvements in Health-Care Quality
Frederico C Guanais argues that the expansion of primary care in the Americas is not enough to guarantee guality and effectiveness of health services. He talks to Andreia Azevedo Soares. Q: How did you become interested in public health? A: My...
Proactive Community Case-Finding to Facilitate Treatment Seeking for Mental Disorders, Nepal/Depistage Proactif Dans la Communaute Pour Faciliter la Recherche De Traitement Des Troubles Mentaux Au Nepal/Detecciones De Casos Comunitarios Proactivos Para Facilitar la Busqueda De Asistencia Medica Para Trastornos Mentales, Nepal
Introduction Globally, underutilization of mental health services is a major barrier to reducing the burden of disease attributable to mental, neurological and substance-use disorders. (1) Service underutilization has been attributable to lack of...
Should E-Cigarette Use Be Included in Indoor Smoking Bans?
Electronic nicotine delivery systems, also called e-cigarettes, are devices that vapourize liquid, typically comprising nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerine and flavourings. Switching from smoking tobacco cigarettes to using e-cigarettes --known as...
Strengthening Health Systems for Universal Health Coverage and Sustainable Development
The 2030 agenda for sustainable development is an opportunity for governments and the international community to renew their commitment to improving health as a central component of development. (1) The accompanying 17 sustainable development goals...
Systematic Analysis of Protein Identity between Zika Virus and Other Arthropod-Borne viruses/Analyse Systematique Des Similarites Proteiques Entre le Virus Zika et D'autres Virus Transmis Par Des arthropodes/Analisis Sistematico De la Identidad Proteica Entre El Virus De Zika Y Otros Virus Trasmitidos Por Artropodos
Introduction Monitoring the geographic and the demographic distribution of people infected with Zika virus is important for informing decision-makers and researchers during the ongoing epidemic. Health officials also need further knowledge about...
Systems Science for Universal Health Coverage
It is 20 years since an international consultation in Lejondal, Sweden, highlighted the need for more and better research "to understand and improve how societies organize themselves in achieving collective health goals, and how different actors interact...
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