The Geographical Review

The Geographical Review is a scholarly publication devoted to geography. The Geographical Review publishes authoritative articles on all aspects of geography. In addition, The Geographical Review includes reviews of recent books, monographs, and atlases in geography and related fields.

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 2, April

A Maritime Response to the Crisis in Area Studies
K[acute{A}]REN WIGEN ABSTRACT. The area-studies model of global scholarship, based on dividing the world into a set number of large, quasi-continental regions, is under assault from a variety of intellectual and institutional forces. New, less rigid...
Cosmopolitics and the Maritime World City [*]
ABSTRACT. Cosmopolitanism has emerged as a humanistic perspective to express globalizing societal experiences. What are its geographies? World cities are centers of globalizing processes, and their populations and institutions may share elements of...
Dividing the Ocean Sea [*]
ABSTRACT. The conventional view of global hydrography, which maps three or four oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and, sometimes, Arctic) did not emerge until the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Previously, markedly different conceptions...
Early Modern Expansion and the Politicization of Oceanic Space [*]
ABSTRACT. The definition of oceans as international politicized space is an integral but little analyzed aspect of early modern European expansion, which took place between about 1450 and 1800. In this essay I explore the implications of thinking about...
Guest Editors' Introduction
Distant shores have long been linked through trade, conquest, and migration, yet maritime connections are often obscured by the conventional area-studies map. This special issue of the Geographical Review was inspired by a simple question: What if...
"Hands across the Sea": The Masonic Network, British Imperialism, and the North Atlantic World
ABSTRACT. From Montreal to Madras, from Barbados to Burma, the lodges of Freemasons dotted the landscape of the British Empire from the eighteenth century to the twentieth. Together with the British grand lodges under whose authority they met, these...
Hydrographies [*]
ABSTRACT. Drawing on the work of the theoretical biologist Humberto Maturana, I offer in this essay a way of conceptualizing the forms of identity that survive the various death pronouncements of our postidentitarian moment. I associate the work of...
Lines of Division, Lines of Connection: Stewardship in the World Ocean
ABSTRACT. This article investigates the history of drawing lines across ocean space. Although drawing lines generally is perceived as an act of division--as exemplified by the line drawn through the Atlantic Ocean by Pope Alexander VI in 1493--lines,...
Maps and Metaphors of the "Small Eastern Sea" in Tokugawa Japan (1603-1868) [*]
ABSTRACT. This article examines the ways in which oceans were depicted in Japanese geographical writings and maps from the Tokugawa period. It uses these texts to understand how early modern Japanese visions of the Pacific and of maritime Asian waters...
Mediterranean Thinking: From Netizen to Medizen [*]
ABSTRACT. The Mediterranean has traditionally been approached from a geographical and historical perspective that has collapsed the material and political differences between water and land. This conflation has been instrumental in homogenizing the...
Sea and Ocean Basins as Frameworks of Historical Analysis
ABSTRACT. Since the mid-nineteenth century, historians have taken national states as the principal focus of their scholarship. Since the mid-twentieth century, they have increasingly recognized the importance of large-scale historical processes that...
The Pacific: A Mediterranean in the Making?
ABSTRACT. This article examines the parallels between the developing Pacific Basin and the historical Mediterranean Basin. Humankind's expanding reach in transportation and communication technologies now makes it possible to integrate a basin the size...
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