Information Technology and Libraries

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 2, June

Accessing Multimedia Information in Virtual Libraries
In the introduction to his book The Work of Nations, Robert B. Reich states, "We are living through a transformation that will rearrange arrange the politics and the economics of the coming century. There will be no national products or technologies,...
Creating the Future with the Initiators of Change: A Panel Discussion with Frank Bridge, Walt Crawford, Bob Heterick, and Peter Young, Moderated by Vinod Chachra
The following is a summary of what the panel members view as the most pressing challenges facing the information and library professions today. After the discussions the session was opened for questions from the participants to the panel members. Some...
Editorial: The Literate Librarian
Early this year we received a newspaper clipping with a note attach to it--a letter to the editor, in fact--from Nancy Sosnik of Raleigh North Carolina. The letter appears in this issues's "Letters to the Editor" section,but we want to draw special...
Filtering out Noise Lines from OPAC Downloads with Sed
Internet access to other libraries'online catalogs has provided patrons and librarians alike with rich bibliographic data beyond the home institution's online public access catalog (OPAC). Users who know that a particular institution has strong corrections...
Improved Browsable Displays: An Experimental Test
Browse searching of online catalogs and electronic indexes is a popular means of retrieving information, but some subject heading lists are so extensive that browsing them can be difficult and time consuming. This research tested one way of presenting...
Legislative Review on NREN and Perspectives on Home Access
I am pleased to have been asked again to address the VTLS library Directors' Conference. At the inaugural conference last September, I spoke about the goals and purposes of the High-Performance Computing Act, which was then nearing final passage by...
Multimedia in the Classroom
Diana Oblinger's presentation focused on multimedia in the classroom. The conference attendees learned through Oblinger's demonstration how professors use multimedia in teaching subjects such as French, chemistry, and American history. She stated that...
On the Shoulders of Giants: From Boole to Shannon to Taube: The Origins of Computerized Information from the Mid-19th Century to the Present
This article describes the evolvement of computerized information storage and retrieval, from its beginnings in the theoretical works on logic by George Boole in the mid-nineteenth century, to the application of Boole's logic to switching circuits...
Optical Storage and Retrieval of Library Material
The Ruth H. Hooker Research Library and Technical Information Center of the Naval Research Laboratory has installed an optical disk system consisting of a Sony autochanger, Sun minicomputer, Sun workstations, TDC scanners, printers, personal computers,...
Pro-Cite for the Macintosh
Pro-Cite, now in version 2.1, is probably the most powerful personal bibliographic database management system available for the Macintosh. Others can be found that are cheaper and simpler to use, but these are generally called reference managers, rather...
RLG's Z39.50 Server: Development and Implementation Issues
In 1991 and 1992, the Research Libraries Group (RLG) developed a server that implements the main features of ANSI/NISO standard Z39.50-1992, Information Retrieval Service and Protocol. The Z39.50 server allows users of other computers that run Z39.50...
SALBIN: PC Software for Accessing Internet Resources
JANET, INTERNET AND SALBIN November 1991 was an important time for libraries in the United Kingdom. For the first time it became possible to gain direct access to the vast information community known as the Internet. During this month the X.25-based...
Selecting Electronic Alternatives
Academic libraries today are faced with the prospect Of numerous alternatives to traditional printed indexes to the primary literature. Not only are many indexes made available by publishers as CD-ROM products, but most of these products can be acquired...
Simple and Expensive CD-ROM Networking: A Step-by-Step Approach
Many librarians, especially those at smaller institutions, are intimidated by the prospect of installing a CD-ROM network. Networks are reputed to cost too much and to require someone on staff with considerable technical expertise to install one. Yet...
The Blacksburg Electronic Village: A Field of Dreams
For several years visionaries have proposed that if community networks were built, citizens would quickly assimilate them into their daily life cycles, and the world of networked information would explode with a vitality that would quickly define the...
The Changing Infrastructure for Information Distribution
In this brief talk I will define four moving targets that the industry is tracking, present some background for the evolving network infrastructure, discuss three opportunities and challenges that I believe are arising from the evolving networked information...
The Future Online Catalog: A Single View of Multiple Databases
In his presentation, Walt Crawford gave an overview of present and future trends in OPAC design, campuswide and remote access, the impact of standards, different needs of different libraries, and new ideas in searching and presentation. APPARENT...
The Three T's for a Talking Online Catalog: Technology, Teamwork, Teaching
With the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, there is a renewed emphasis on library collection accessibility for persons with disabilities. Modem computer technology can be adapted so that visually impaired or blind people can independently...
The Virtual Library: A Corporate Imperative
In her presentation, Eugenie Prime defined the virtual library and reviewed her observations regarding its evolution and importance to users of information. She touched upon both the librarian's role as an information professional and the technological...
Toward the New Millennium: The Human Side of Library Automation (Revisited)
The purpose of this paper is to reexamine some of the human factors of human-machine system from an individual and organizational behavior stand point, particularly as they relate to the automation of libraries. Rather than emphasizing the findings...
UNIX for (Almost) Any Macintosh
MachTen Kernel System Software, by Tenon Intersystems, offers a port of the BSD 4.3 Reno version of the UNIX operating system for Macintoshes ranging from the Plus to the Quadra. Instead of taking over as the operating system of the Macintosh, as does...
Z39.50 and LIAS: Penn State's Experience
Pennsylvania State University's experience in developing and implementing Z39.50 into LIAS is explored in this article. The emphasis is on development and implementation issues from the client's point of view, including mapping commands into attributes,...

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