Philological Quarterly

This journal covers aspects of medieval European and modern literature and culture. The articles published incorporate physical bibliography, the sociology of knowledge, the history of reading, reception studies and other fields of inquiry.

Articles from Vol. 90, No. 4, Fall

Biogeography, Climate, and National Identity in Smollett's Humphry Clinker
BRITAIN'S COMMERCIALISM AND COLONIAL EXPANSION both repel and fascinate Matthew Bramble, the peevish Welsh squire in Tobias Smollett's The Expedition of Humphry Clinker (1771). At seemingly polar extremes in the novel's consideration of these enterprises...
History, Fiction, and Ethics: The Search for the True West in True Grit
THERE IS a MOMENT at the very end of Charles Portis's novel True Grit when the narrator, thirty-nine-year-old Mattie Ross, looks back on the events of twenty-five years earlier and offers the words "Time just gets away from us" as a succinct moral...
Killer and Healer: Late Classical Analogues for the Old English Sun Riddle
OLD ENGLISH LITERARY SCHOLARSHIP concerned with the vernacular riddles, most of which are preserved in the Exeter Book, has tended to be concerned with the "solutions" to the riddles. Despite the claim by folklorists that riddles as often as not allow...
On the Use of History for Life in Nietzsche's Thus Spake Zarathustra and Pirandello's Henry IV
Only if history can endure to be transformed into a work of art ... will it perhaps be able to preserve instincts or even stimulate them. --Friedrich Nietzsche, "On the Use and Abuse of History for Life" (1) STRIKING CORRESPONDENCES OF THOUGHT...
The Return of Lucretius to Renaissance Florence
The Return of Lucretius to Renaissance Florence by Alison Brown. Harvard U. Press, 2010. Pp. xiv + 139. $35. The Swerve: How the World Became Modern by Stephen Greenblatt. New York: Norton, 2011. Pp. 356. $26.95. These two engaging books tell...
The Sexual Riddle Type in Aldhelm's Enigmata, the Exeter Book, and Early Medieval Latin
IN THE EXETER BOOK we find the so-called sexual riddles, (1) whose classification as such has traditionally relied on the presence of two essential components: sexual imagery and double entendre. On this basis, at least fourteen pieces have generally...
The Woman Who Dared: A Biography of Amy Levy
The Woman Who Dared: A Biography of Amy Levy by Christine Pullen. Kingston upon Thames: Kingston U. Press, 2010. Pp. 243. 20 [pounds sterling]. In Devotion, the 1946 Hollywood biopic about the Brontes, audiences are treated to the spectacle of Emily...
Violence, Transcendence, and Resistance in the Manuscripts of Yeats's "Leda and the Swan"
WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS'S "LEDA AND THE SWAN," when read in the context of its drafts and foul papers, becomes a poem that embodies the poets concept of tragedy. In his autobiography, Yeats states that "we begin to live when we have conceived life as...

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