International Family Planning Perspectives

Family planning research journal. Printed in English, Spanish and French editions.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 1, March

Changing Family Formation in Nepal: Marriage, Cohabitation and First Sexual Intercourse
CONTEXT: In Nepal, marriage occurs at a relatively young age and arranged weddings are widespread. However, recent changes in the family formation process and the timing of first sexual intercourse suggest that a transformation may be under way. ...
Demonstrating How to Use Condoms Improves Youths' Knowledge about Them
Adolescents aged 15-19 who have seen a demonstration about using condoms are up to five times as likely as their peers who have not seen such a demonstration to know key facts about how to use a condom correctly, according to nationally representative...
Fertility-Limiting Behavior and Contraceptive Choice among Men in Nepal
CONTEXT: Contraceptive choices among men who want no more children have been little explored in South Asia, particularly in Nepal, where fertility rates have remained high over the last few decades. METHODS: Using the 2001 Nepal Demographic and...
Guidelines for Authors
International Family Planning Perspectives is a peer-reviewed research journal serving researchers, policymakers, program administrators and service providers in developing countries. The journal invites submissions based on qualitative or quantitative...
HIV May Not Increase Risk of Stillbirth among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa
In Sub-Saharan Africa, a pregnant woman's HIV status is not directly linked to the likelihood that her fetus will be stillborn, data from a randomized trial suggest. (1) Instead, inflammation of the amniotic sac during pregnancy, hemorrhage during...
In This Issue
In many developing countries, men are the dominant partner in their relationships, and often make the decisions about whether and when to have sex, whether to use a contraceptive and how many children to have. Cultural beliefs often have a strong influence...
Links between Sex-Related Expectations about Alcohol, Heavy Episodic Drinking and Sexual Risk among Young Men in a Shantytown in Lima, Peru
CONTEXT: Alcohol use is frequently identified as a contributor to risky sexual behaviors; however, research results are mixed.Given the conflicting evidence, researchers have focused on other factors, such as expectations about alcohol's effects that...
Maternal Mortality Has Declined Substantially in Rural Bangladesh
Maternal mortality fell by almost two-thirds in Matlab, Bangladesh, between 1976 and 2005, primarily because of improved emergency obstetric care and a decline in abortionrelated mortality, according to a 30-year cohort study. (1) Although maternal...
Severity and Cost of Unsafe Abortion Complications Treated in Nigerian Hospitals
CONTEXT: Each year, thousands of Nigerian women have unintended pregnancies that end in illegal abortion. Many such procedures occur under unsafe conditions, contributing to maternal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In a 2002-2003 survey of women...
"Skilled" Birth Attendants May Lack Needed Expertise
The competence of skilled birth attendants may not be up to international clinical standards, according to a study of 1,358 providers responsible for deliveries (i.e., doctors, medical students, and professional and auxiliary nurses) at qualified basic...
South African Men Who Commit Gender-Based Violence Are More Likely to Have Transactional Sex
In rural South Africa, the strongest predictor of whether a young man has exchanged money or other gifts for sex is whether he has committed intimate partner violence or rape, according to an analysis of data from an HIV prevention trial. (1) Transactional...
STI Self-Sampling and Self-Testing in South Africa
Self-sampling and self-testing for STIs appear to be feasible and acceptable options for women, according to a study conducted in Gugulethu, South Africa. (1) Between September 2003 and August 2004, half of a sample of 626 young women were given a...
Sub-Saharan Africa Is Sole Exception to the Global Decline in Maternal Deaths
Maternal mortality decreased worldwide during a recent 15-year period, but some regions and countries did not experience any meaningful decline, according to a recent analysis. (1) For countries with relevant data, the maternal mortality ratio fell...
Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health in Post-Socialist Georgia: Does Internal Displacement Matter?
CONTEXT: Persons displaced by armed conflicts, natural disasters or other events are at increased risk for health problems. The Republic of Georgia has a substantial population of internally displaced women who may face elevated risks of STIs and pelvic...