Journal of International Affairs

Foreign affairs periodical focuses on policy analysis, including state building and peace operations.

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 1, Fall

An Interview with Carol Bellamy, Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund
Journal: In our issue on children, we touch on several topics including AIDS, the widening digital divide, child labor and the involvement of children in violence. Among the many problems facing children all around the world, what do you consider the...
An Interview with Dr. Peter Piot, Executive Director of UNAIDS (1)
Journal: The upcoming UN Special Session on Children has identified HIV/AIDS as one of the primary issues that impacts children around the world. Could you give us a sense of the magnitude of the problem that children face with regard to HIV/AIDS?...
Child Labor: Myths, Theories and Facts
"Perhaps the most important lesson to be gleaned from the academic work in this area is that child labor tends to be a phenomenon related to poverty and difficult social conditions rather than the perverse preferences of the parents." The discussion...
Children Falling into the Digital Divide
"Without the collaboration of governments, international organizations, social movements and the private sector, the Internet is as likely to deepen the gulf between rich and poor as to bridge it." For the first time in history, half the world's...
Children's Rights
Children's Rights Edited by Jude Fernando (Special issue of the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2001) The issues of child poverty and mistreatment occupy that strange no-man's land of discourse in the international...
Differing Approaches to Combating Child Abuse: United States vs. United Kingdom
"When the UK figures are adjusted to reflect the difference in the size of the population, we find an estimated number of UK cases at 150,000 compared to the US number of 950,000. Even if we took into account operational factors related to registration...
Editors' Foreword
Eleven years ago, the international community ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child, a watershed event for international human rights and for children. It is the most ratified human rights treaty in history. It signaled a need to provide...
Eight Is Too Late: Investment in Early Childhood Development
"Children are the bearers of our common future--a future that is in our hands as never before. For the world has the knowledge, the resources and the legal imperatives to give every child the best possible start in life, in a family environment that...
Eradicating Pedophilia: Toward the Humanization of Society
"As we enter the 21st century our best efforts must be directed toward the humanization of society through the nurture of our children." Globalization has brought about dramatic changes in social attitudes. As confirmation, one can compare the way...
Intercountry Adoption: A Global Problem or a Global Solution?
"The US is unique amongst developed states in preferring private adoption, a position that Katz associates with the American bias towards market mechanisms and preference for individual autonomy over state regulation. Adoption involves the legal,...
The Protection of Children and the Quest for Truth and Justice in Sierra Leone
"How the acts and experiences of children are addressed in Sierra Leone--within the processes established to seek truth and justice, by the UN and international agencies, by government ministries, through national legislative reform, or institutional...
Toward Mediating the Impact of Forced Migration and Displacement among Children Affected by Armed Conflict
"It is estimated that women and children in both categories--refugees and IDPs--make up over 80 percent of displaced populations worldwide, and in specific cases even greater percentages." INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW This year marks the 50th anniversary...
Unraveling Child Labor and Labor Legislation
"The reality that forces poor families to defy child labor laws raises doubts about whether legislation can be enforced successfully." In 1993, social workers and human rights activists were stunned when approximately 70,000 youngsters were unceremoniously...

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