Journal of International Affairs

Foreign affairs periodical focuses on policy analysis, including state building and peace operations.

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 1, Fall-Winter

Confederate Memory and Monuments: Of Judicial Opinions, Statutes and Buildings
[I]t is well that we keep in mind the fact that not all of American history is recorded. In some ways we are fortunate that it isn't, for if it were, we might become so chagrined by the discrepancies which exist between our democratic ideals and our...
Depolarizing the Past: The Role of Historical Commissions in Conflict Mediation and Reconciliation
Building peace in the wake of large-scale historical injustices is difficult and sometimes dispiriting work. Rival groups often conjure vastly different memories of the same events, and these divergences reinforce cycles of violence and deepen feelings...
Editors' Foreword
Processes of reconciliation evoke humanity's highest peaks and darkest depths. As former warriors embrace magnanimity over conquest and victims opt for redress over vengeance, we marvel at how enlightened visions of the future could triumph over hatreds...
Historical Reconciliation: Redress, Rights and Politics
Human rights--as a universal ideology and redress as a specific measure--have been the subjects of increased attention from activists around the globe. Seemingly, the two are in tension with each other: How could rights applicable to a particular people...
Is Reconciliation between Hutus and Tutsis Possible?
April 1994: Rwanda, a little country in Central Africa, is propelled to the forefront of the international stage. It is the site of the greatest genocide in African history, the genocide of the Rwandans--essentially the Tutsis--who in three months...
Negotiating Truth: The Holocaust, Lehavdil, and Al-Nakba (1)
As Americans are accustomed to remembering the "quagmire" of Vietnam, so Israelis have referred, since the debacle of the 1982 Lebanon War and its eighteen-year aftermath, to the "Lebanese mud." Many critics of Israel's recent adventure in Lebanon...
Reconciliation and Economic Reaction: Flaws in South Africa's Elite Transition
Was South Africa's post-apartheid transition compromised by an intra-elite, so-called economic reconciliation that generally worsened poverty, unemployment and ecological degradation, while exacerbating racial, gender and geographical differences?...
Reconciliation as a Dirty Word: Conflict, Community Relations and Education in Northern Ireland
"I am not really interested in reconciliation. It is a term that has been so used and abused; it's a dirty word as Far as I am concerned." (1) The comment above emerged in fieldwork undertaken by one of the authors on the role of ex-combatants in...
Reconciliation in Rwanda: Education, History and the State
A group of school buildings about thirty kilometers from Butare, Rwanda's second largest town, was a place of education, then of refuge, then of horror. Today, it is a place of death and remembrance. Murambi was a technical school, with brick-built...
Speaking to Reconciliation: Perspectives from the Field
Role of Education Education has a fundamental role to play not only in reconciliation but also in the reputation of the country, which has been hurt by conflicts of the past. Education is particularly important in the implementation of agreements...
Sri Lanka's Conflict: Culture and Lineages of the Past
There are two ways to lose oneself." by a wailed segregation in the particular or by a dilution in the universal. --Aime Cesaire Walter Benjamin famously wrote, "History is the object of a construction whose place is formed not in homogenous...
The Politics of Victimhood: Historical Memory and Peace in Spain and the Basque Region
Any society trying to transition from a history of violence to a future of peace struggles with reconciling the divisiveness of its violent legacy with the necessary cohesion and inclusiveness needed to build a peaceful future. The fields of historical...
Transitional Justice: A Holistic Interpretation
In 1995, three volumes entitled "Transitional Justice" were published by the United States Institute for Peace, edited by Neil J. Kritz. The foreword was written by Nelson Mandela, who had assumed the presidency of South Africa the previous year. In...
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