SRA Journal

Articles

Vol. 31, No. 2, Summer-Fall

Let's Make a Deal: Leveraging Investments and Developing Alliances among R&D Partners
INTRODUCTION The theme of the SRA Executive Administrator Retreat held at The Homestead Resort in Midway, Utah on July 19-21, 1998 was, "The Business of Strategic R&D Alliances: Developing an Infrastructure for Successful Research Collaborations."...
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Entering the New Era: International Research Administration Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Proposal and Contract
INTRODUCTION: OVERVIEW OF ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK The Asian Development Bank (the bank), headquartered in Manila, Philippines, is a multilateral development finance institution. The mission of the bank is to promote the economic and social progress...
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An NIH Perspective on the Bayh-Dole Act and Invention Reporting Responsibilities
INTRODUCTION Extramural funding from the National Institutes of Health supports biomedical research in an effort to gain new knowledge that will lead to better health for everyone. This knowledge often manifests itself as intellectual property,...
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Web-Based Support of Research Administration - One Size Does Not Fit All: Three Lessons Learned
INTRODUCTION Research administrators are confronting a new order. It is the World Wide Web (now known simply as "the web"), and its promises are legion. Web mantras are repeated thousands of times a day: "We're putting it on the web," "I'll look...
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Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring

Faculty Attitudes toward Involvement in Grant-Related Activities at a Predominantly Undergraduate Institution (PUI)
BACKGROUND Research and Its Role in Higher Education Academic disciplines use different terms to describe "those professional activities that contribute to our knowledge, or that lead to the creation of new understandings or experiences that...
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Relating Capacity to a Faculty Funding Persistence Profile
INTRODUCTION In times of dwindling resources and increasing workloads, research administrators need to direct their time and energy toward academic units and faculty members who can benefit most from their assistance. It is not frequently appreciated...
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Project Administration by Indian Federal R&D Agencies
BACKGROUND In pursuance of the Scientific Policy Resolution which the government of India adopted in 1958, the national expenditure on R&D, as a percentage of GNP, has grown steadily from 0.17% in 1958-59 to a little over 1%. This percentage...
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Life in the FastLane: One University's Experience with Electronic Proposal Processing
INTRODUCTION In this Insight article, I will attempt to describe how one sponsored research office has coped with the changes brought about by the NSF's FastLane system. At the Sponsored Research Services (SRS) office at Indiana University (IU)...
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Vol. 29, No. 3-4, Winter

Reducing Risky E-Mail: There Is No Such Thing as E-Mail Privacy
INTRODUCTION Today's professionals are required to process, analyze, and use ever escalating amounts of electronic communications. They are challenged to determine how to handle and sort this information. They must determine its value, move needed...
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Proposal Development in a Self-Funded Research Organization: The Research Administrator's Role
INTRODUCTION Successful proposals are the lifeblood of any self-funded research organization. The Desert Research Institute (DRI), a self-funded research organization associated with the University and Community College System of Nevada, receives...
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Improving the Quality of Grant Proposals - a Grantmaker's Perspective
THE GUIDELINES The Carnegie Corporation of New York emphasizes internal collaboration at the beginning of its proposal-preparation guidelines: We strongly encourage the program, financial, and administrative personnel at your organization to...
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Electronic Research Administration and the Culture (and Subcultures) of Higher Education
INTRODUCTION ERA can be viewed as a cultural problem, and analyzed according to what anthropologists and social historians call "material culture": the tools, implements, and various material products of a culture. ERA can be examined from the perspective...
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Developing Recruitment Packages for Research Faculty in a Restructured Academic Medical System
INTRODUCTION For several years, leaders of academic medical centers at the levels of dean, department chair, and division director have focused on the need to restructure their institutions in light of changes in the health care delivery system....
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Factors Influencing Grant Writing: Perceptions of Tenured and Nontenured Faculty
INTRODUCTION Being "scholarly" traditionally means engaging in research, writing articles for publication, and sharing research findings with students (E. L. Boyer, 1990). Recently, the pursuit of grants has come under the umbrella of research in...
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How to Prevent Grant Proposals from Undermining Patent Protection
Grant proposals are often submitted at the last minute. In the rush to get the proposal in the overnight mail or transmitted electronically, little thought may be given to the patentability of an invention that might result from the research proposed...
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Leadership Challenges in Research/sponsored Program Administration
COMMENTARY Just as the sender, receiver, message and their interactions are essential elements in effective communication, the leader, follower, situation and their interactions are critical elements in contemporary organizations. Research and sponsored...
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Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer

A New Paradigm for Departmental Administrative Reorganization
INTRODUCTION Few things are more sacrosanct than departmental autonomy. Despite this, many factors within and outside academic institutions make it compelling for departments with common administrative functions to cooperate and, in appropriate...
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The Michigan Public Health Institute: A Model for University, Government and Community Research and Practice Partnerships
INTRODUCTION Nonprofit institutes are widely regarded as being perhaps the best location for an experimental social innovation unit. As described by Fairweather and Tornatzky (1977), the ideal location for an experimental social policy research...
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Providing Assistance with Large Collaborative Grant Applications
INTRODUCTION Large collaborative grant applications can be stressful for researchers and research administrators. Such applications typically involve researchers from a variety of disciplines and propose a scope of work that spans several project...
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The Struggle for Shape and Substance: A Metaphor for the Emerging Identity of the Research Administrator
RESEARCH ADMINISTRATION: A PRACTICE IN SEARCH OF A THEORY In 1991, through a series of fortuitous events, I was catapulted into the world of research administration. My initiation was confusing. From the quiet and sometimes comfortable world of...
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Grant Administrator Version 2.3. Sponsored Program Accounting Package
The accounting system for sponsored research activities must provide financial data to internal management for use in planning and controlling operations and to external parties for use in determining the effectiveness of operations. Furthermore, the...
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The Premise and the Promise: The Founding Years of the SRA
This article appeared in the Summer 1988 issue of the SRA Journal. Kenneth Beasley is a charter member of SRA, past President (1971-72) and recipient of both the Excellence Award (1978) and Hartford-Nicholsen Award (1974). The twentieth anniversary...
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The Premise and the Promise: Ten Years Later
A group of SRA leaders discusses important issues faced by SRA, many of them similar to those faced by the Society's founders as outlined in a 1988 SRA Journal article by Kenneth L. Beasley. Panel members include J. Timothy Hanson; Victoria (Tori)...
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Basic Guidelines for University-Industry Research Relationships
INTRODUCTION Although research agreements define the roles of industry and academia, most universities do not require a research agreement to conduct industry-sponsored research. Most require only a payment schedule, and for clinical research, an...
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Writing Proposals with Faculty: A Strategy for Increasing External Funding at Small Undergraduate Teaching Institutions
INTRODUCTION The University of Wisconsin River Falls (UWRF) is a relatively small (5,000 FTE), regional comprehensive university located in rural west central Wisconsin. UWRF has always been a teaching university. For many years the institutional...
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Harmonisation: International Rules Coming to a Planet near You
The key to obtaining marketing approval for new medicines is to provide the regulatory authorities with strong evidence for effectiveness and safety. The regulation of medicinal products and devices, however, has evolved in the United States and abroad...
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Shouldn't Research Administrators Know Something about Research?
INTRODUCTION Research administrators (RAs) come from a variety of educational backgrounds and perform a variety of functions related to obtaining and administering external grants and contracts (Rose 1991; D'Agostino, Nivin, Procter and Stevenson...
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Social Research Center Administration: Dreams and Realities
INTRODUCTION During the 1960s and 1970s, there was a remarkable proliferation of social programs in many Western countries as a result of national and local efforts to address human needs. As social services expanded so did the role of social research....
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Vol. 29, No. 1-2, Summer-Fall

Financial Analysis for R&D Decisions
Financial Analysis for R&D Decisions Sponsors of research and development want to know what each R&D project will cost and what they will get in return for their funding. They want information on the potential risk and payoff, as well as immediate...
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A General Survey for Obtaining Participants' Evaluations of Professional Development Sessions
Introduction Research administration is a highly competitive and dynamic profession. Each year, a number of rules and regulations governing submitting, awarding, and administering projects may be revised by their awarding agencies. Each year, the courts...
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The Brave New World of Virtual Organization: Creating a Distributed Environment for Research Administration
Introduction Research administrators at all levels and in all kinds of institutions are facing a brave new world. Many pressures and forces (as well as vacuums) shape this world. The principal threat is the drastic reduction in governmental support...
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Research Administration in a Time of Change
This article was originally published in the Fall 1987 issue of the SRA Journal (Vol. XIX, No. 2). The text is based on a presentation at the Northeast Section meeting of the Society of Research Administrators in Baltimore, May 1987. The article has...
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Research Administration through a Decade of Change
A panel of research administrators discusses the issues raised in Dr. Edward N. Brandt's 1987 article about changes in research administration. Panelists include Regina Smith, PhD, associate dean for research in the College of Medicine at the University...
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Help! We're Running a Small Aerospace Business!
Introduction "What? We're a university, not a small aerospace company!" the Sponsored Projects Office (SPO) director exclaimed. Such was the reaction in the SPO at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) when the principal investigator (PI) on...
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Vol. 28, No. 3-4, Winter

Classroom Research: A Faculty Training Opportunity for Research Administrators
Introduction Faculty at most colleges and universities today are encouraged, often expected, to be both proficient teachers and productive researchers. This article is not about the perceived dichotomy between the two - both are important components...
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Enhancing Communication in a Multicampus Research Center
Background The federal government has created research program-project and center-type awards to bring scientists together under one funding instrument so that divergent research approaches and technologies could be applied to similar goals. The words...
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Vol. 27, No. 3-4, Spring

Federal Research Support and Economic Development Strategies at Public Research Universities: What Is the Connection?
Introduction The United States' ability to compete successfully in the global marketplace emerged as a national concern following the end of the Cold War. The federal government responded by establishing new policies to govern science and technology...
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Strategic Development of Engineering Policies for Patenting and Licensing
Introduction Most research universities have established formal patent and licensing policies to facilitate technology transfer. University technology transfer activities have been widely studied. Investigators have evaluated the effect of technology...
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Understanding and Managing Sponsored Research Administration as a System
Introduction Understanding that sponsored research administration is a system of interdependent components (sponsors, performers, and processes) is necessary to make major improvements in the profession. These improvements will require systematic and...
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Controls over Spending, Deliverables, and Funding: Fundamentals for the Research Administrator
Introduction The consensus among speakers and fellow administrators at the 1995 SRA Annual Meeting in Chicago was that the current environment presents many challenges to the research administrator. Fewer research dollars are being anticipated as the...
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Budgeting Basics
Introduction Preparing a proposal budget is one of the most basic skills of research administration; yet, it is an area that often causes great concern and frustration to both researchers and administrators unfamiliar with this aspect of preparing an...
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Vol. 27, No. 2, Fall

University-Industry Partnerships: Meeting the Challenge with a High Tech Partner
Introduction In recent years, both U.S. corporations and institutions of higher education have been faced with challenges that demand fresh and creative solutions. As America has moved into the global marketplace, it has transformed from an industrial...
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When Is Ethical Review of Research Protocols Necessary? A Proposed Classification System for Evaluating Canadian Hospital-Based Research
Introduction In the United States, hospital-based research proposals must undergo a standardized, government-mandated ethical review (National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, 1979; Office of the...
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The State of U.S. Science and Technology: A Critical Crossroads
We now stand at a critical crossroads in U.S. science and technology. For 50 years, the United States has demonstrated an unwavering bipartisan commitment to maintaining our global technological dominance. This strong commitment, and the subsequent healthy...
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Faculty Development: The Personal Touch
Introduction Research administrators quite often are isolated from faculty. We spend a great deal of time in our offices formulating budgets, filling out forms, and making sure that all proposals are submitted on time. We usually are located in an administrative...
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Administration in the Research Environment - the Provider's Perspective
The orientation document for the June 1984 meeting of the Society of Research Administrators (Western Section) posed some very intriguing questions. One example was the proposition that administration is antithetical to research because administration...
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Administration in the Research Environment - a New Perspective
R. L. Mooney's 1984 article answered questions about research administration's role in the research environment and whether it facilitates or impedes the research process. Mooney outlined and defined these objectives for research administration: (a)...
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Vol. 26, No. 3-4, Winter

The Potential for Public Relations Techniques to Increase the Growth and Financial Stability of Research Activities at U.S. Universities
The Perception of Public Relations in Academe Most senior managers prefer that their organizations operate without the constraints of the external environment (Gruning & Gruning, 1991). In this respect, university administrators and researchers...
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Evaluating Research Productivity
Introduction Productivity in a research environment is difficult to define because different people have different perceptions about its meaning. Certainly, productivity itself is a term of great interest to the general public, especially in industrial...
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Personality Priorities, Stress Management, and the Research Administrator
Introduction It is a typical Monday morning. After spending 15 minutes organizing your day the phone rings and you instantly recall that while you plan your day, you rarely control it. A proposal manager is calling to let you know that he will be by...
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Application Process Improvement Yields Results
Analyzing the Situation During my first 18 months as the department administrator of the Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, I implemented significant changes in the grant application process within the department, resulting in timely,...
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The Adult Education Mind-Set: An Effective Model for Research Administrators as Research Educators
Introduction The field of adult education provides many valuable insights on how to effectively assist researchers in acquiring certain skills. Because many of us work in an educational setting, we naturally compare ourselves to educators when defining...
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A Broader View of University-Industry Relationships
Introduction Probably no subject has attracted the attention of research administrators during the past two decades as much as university-industry relationships, if the number of SRA publications on the topic may be taken as a measure. Charmaine Judy...
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Vol. 26, No. 2, Fall

To Publish or Not?
Introduction The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which academic practice and research management professionals publish in professional journals, and the reasons most often cited for not publishing. Often the development of a profession...
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Anatomy of an Institute
Introduction Among the most interesting changes in American colleges and universities over the past quarter of a century is the rather prolific growth of institutes, centers, laboratories, bureaus, and other research and service units that parallel...
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Technology Opportunities Analysis: Integrating Technology Monitoring, Forecasting, and Assessment with Strategic Planning
Introduction The ideological battles of the past decades between centrally planned and free-market economies have been settled in favor of the latter. Ironically, however, with the ascendancy of market ideology comes the widespread realization that...
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Ethics and Scientific Research
Introduction Many scientists believe that the moral dimensions of their research programs are important dimensions to which they and their students should pay close attention, and recent assessments of the science curriculum strongly support them. In...
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Vol. 26, No. 1, Summer

A Blueprint for Establishing a Successful Office of Sponsored Programs: The Public Health Service Historically Black College and University Capacity Building Program
Introduction Since 1979, presidential executive orders have directed federal agencies to assist historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) in achieving two goals: (1) providing quality education and (2) increasing their opportunities to participate...
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Comparison of the Fringe Benefits Requested for Postdoctoral Investigators and Junior Faculty by 19 Research Institutions
Introduction Concern over the effect fringe benefits have on basic research budgets caused the chairman of the scientific advisory committee of the Robert A. Welch Foundation, Norman Hackerman, to disallow fringe benefits altogether. The Welch Foundation,...
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Improving University-Industry Relations
Introduction In 1991, my colleague and I wrote an article encouraging the development of closer ties with the pharmaceutical industry (Reid & Hoddinott, 1991). The emphasis was positive, illustrating the opportunities available and suggesting some...
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Taking Research Public
Taking research public is the only way to get beyond our habit of seeking--and sometimes receiving--modest increases in the nation's research budget, and to instead double or triple the available dollars. Taxpayers support such an increase. In a recent...
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A Day in the Life
Have you ever tried to explain what you do for a living to your parents or grandparents? If so, you know that trying to describe research administration is a difficult task. Yet we're all asked to do just that when our offices, job classifications, or...
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Vol. 25, No. 4, Spring

Patent Policies of 65 Educational Institutions: A Comparison
Introduction In the 1970s, U.S. research universities began a heavy commitment to the transfer of technology to industry. Events of the 1980s, from the "promise of biotechnology" to the promulgation of new patent law and increased federal involvement,...
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Budgeting for International Projects: In-Country Business Operations and Long-Term Residential Assignments
Introduction This paper is geared toward those called upon to provide new services to faculty that are beginning to do more work for international organizations. It is hoped that professional administrators, principal investigators, and project directors...
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Access to Research Information Using Integrated Technologies
Setting The model was designed for Baylor College of Medicine, a private, free standing medical school with research expenditures exceeding $160 million per year. Over 1,200 Baylor College of Medicine full-time faculty are located throughout the Texas...
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Demise of the Superconducting Super Collider
I was invited to provide this brief commentary about the federal government's decision in October 1993 to discontinue construction of the Superconducting Super Collider, a particle accelerator of unsurpassed power, size, and sophistication. The collider,...
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