Joint Force Quarterly

Articles from No. 60, January

A Commander's Strategy for Social Media
We must hold our minds alert and receptive to the application of unglimpsed methods and weapons. The next war will be won in the future, not the past. We must go on, or we will go under. --General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, 1931 In 1931,...
Airpower, Spacepower, and Cyberpower
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] When American airpower played a central role in driving Iraq's occupying forces from Kuwait in early 1991, many doubters tended to dismiss that remarkable performance as a one-of-a-kind force employment anomaly. It was, the...
An Actor-Centric Theory of War: Understanding the Difference between COIN and Counterinsurgency
Everything in war is very simple, but the simplest thing is difficult. --Carl von Clausewitz The United States, the most powerful nation in the world, is reassessing its approach to war. With America entering the 10th year of what was originally...
An Allard Commission Postmortem and the Need for a National Space Council
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The unclassified Department of Defense (DOD) space budget is over double that of the combined expenditures of all other countries with military space programs, and in excess of $20 billion annually. Of the over 850 satellites...
A Philosophical Case for OPCON Transition on the Korean Peninsula
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The problem of North Korea confounds America today as much as it did 60 years ago. A rogue regime holds sway over a population of 23 million that is poised for war and intensely skeptical of the "Yankee" puppet government...
Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security-From World War II to the War on Terrorism
Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Security--From World War II to the War on Terrorism By Julian E. Zelizer New York: Basic Books, 2009 583 pp. $35 ISBN: 978-0-465-01507-8 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] According to realism, the...
Centers of Gravity from the "Inside Out"
For over two decades, U.S. military doctrine has insisted on pinning major aspects of its operational planning processes on Carl von Clausewitz's concept of the center of gravity (COG). Yet the lack of doctrinal guidance on developing and employing...
Chinese Soft Power in Latin America: A Case Study
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The reemergence of China as a dominant global actor highlights longstanding ambiguities in U.S. thinking regarding what constitutes national security. People's Republic of China (PRC) policymakers have emphasized the "peaceful"...
Chinese Views on Deterrence: Celebration of 50th Anniversary of PLA Navy's North Sea Fleet as It Pursues Capability to Operate from Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The issue of Chinese views of deterrence and its role within Chinese security policy has become increasingly important in analyses of future East Asian security developments. In considering Beijing's views, three considerations...
Conceptualizing Victory Anew: Revisiting U.S. Law, Doctrine, and Policy for War and Its Aftermath
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The victorious strategist seeks battle only after the victory has been won, whereas he who is destined to defeat first fights and afterwards looks for victory. --Sun Tzu As we lick our many wounds and salvage what we...
Defense Planning Paradigms and the Global Commons
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Over the last several years, examination of U.S. national security interests within the context of the global commons has emerged as a major policy issue in the defense community. (1) At the highest levels of the Department...
Endless War: Middle Eastern Islam vs. Western Civilization
Endless War: Middle Eastern Islam vs. Western Civilization By Ralph Peters Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2010 273 pp. $27.95 ISBN: 978-0-8117-0550-9 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] For more than a decade, Ralph Peters has been one...
Evidentiary Validation of FM 3-24: Counterinsurgency Worldwide, 1978-2008
The Joint Doctrine section of JFQ 58 (3d Quarter 2010) contained a lively exchange between Colonel Gian Gentile, USA, and Dr. John Nagl over the principles advanced in Field Manual (FM) 3-24, Counterinsurgency, and how those principles were developed...
Executive Summary
In this issue's Forum section, Joint Force Quarterly examines several issues of contemporary prominence and theoretical concern for counterinsurgency (COIN) operations. Some of the author issues are conceptual and some are operational. Each one impacts...
From the Chairman
Across the Nation, there is a growing recognition of the interconnection between energy, national security, and America's future. The emerging concept of energy security challenges us to take a holistic view of how we pursue and consume energy as we...
Joint Chiefs of Staff J7, Joint Education and Doctrine Division
As military professionals charged with the defense of the Nation, joint leaders must be true experts in the conduct of war. They must be individuals both of action and of intellect, skilled at "getting things done," while at the same time conversant...
Long-Range Conventional Strike: A Joint Family of Systems
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] U.S. plans to modernize long-range conventional strike have undergone significant changes over the last decade. In 2001, the U.S. Air Force elected to cap the B-2 fleet at the 21 already in service, based on the belief that...
Mastering the Art of Wiki: Understanding Social Networking and National Security
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Computers, cell phones, other digital devices, and the systems that knit them together have altered how many on the planet do almost everything--especially how they share with each other. With over 1 billion people--some of...
Private Contractors in Conflict Zones: The Good, the Bad, and the Strategic Impact
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In Iraq and Afghanistan, the use of contractors reached a level unprecedented in U.S. military operations. As of March 31, 2010, the United States deployed 175,000 troops and 207,000 contractors in the war zones. Contractors...
Red Wings Ascendant: The Chinese Air Force Contribution to Antiaccess
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] During the 1995-1996 Taiwan Strait crisis, the United States intervened by deploying two carrier groups in response to Chinese missile tests near major Taiwanese ports. These tests were a means of coercively influencing pro-independence...
Silent Kingmaker: The Need for a Unified Wartime Contracting Strategy
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] International support--financial, political, and military--is kingmaker in Afghanistan. --Carl Forsberg, Politics and Power in Kandahar Wartime contracting in Afghanistan is broken, and the breakdown has led to a new...
Spacepower and Warfare
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A discussion of the nexus of spacepower and warfare is controversial because space has yet to be overtly weaponized or generally recognized as an arena of open combat. Many, if not most, nations want to keep space a weapons-free...
The Joker Is Wild: Managing Assumptions in Planning and Execution
As the old adage goes: to assume is to make an ass out of you and me. It is equally applicable to the development of assumptions, and we should keep that in mind as we plan and make decisions. Assumptions that are misunderstood, not validated, and...
Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq
Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq By Jeffrey Record Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2010 217 pp. $24.95 ISBN: 978-1-59797-437-0 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] President John F. Kennedy reminded scholars and pundits...
Whose COIN?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] When American and Iraqi army units were integrated to foster closer cooperation between the groups and to intensify Iraqis' training, a number of challenges arose with regard to the latrines they were to share. The Iraqi soldiers,...
WMD Proliferation: Reforming the Security Sector to Meet the Threat
WMD Proliferation: Reforming the Security Sector to Meet the Threat By Fred Schreier Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc., 2009 352 pp. $60.00 ISBN: 978-1-59797-421-9 [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction...