Child Welfare

Child Welfare is a professional trade journal published bimonthly by the Child Welfare League of America, Inc., Arlington, Va. Founded in 1921, the journal provides policy, practice, and program information to professionals who work in the child welfare industry.

Articles from Vol. 74, No. 3, May

Adoption Practice in Canada: Emerging Trends and Challenges
Over the past decade two major adoption trends have emerged in Canada: fewer children are being adopted and private adoptions are accounting for an ever-increasing proportion of infant placements. In response to these changing demographics, several issues...
A Place for Advocacy in Child Welfare Systems: The Case of Adoption
These are difficult times for social service agencies. In province after province, such severe cutbacks in funding have been made that administrators and line staff members are hard pressed to maintain mandated services, and must rely on a reduced number...
Changing Adoption Policy and Practice to Deal with Children in Limbo
It has long been accepted that the state must intervene in loco parentis and attempt to provide continuity of care for provincial or Crown wards, but the Canadian child welfare system is not yet prepared to do this adequately. There are several reasons...
Child Abuse and Neglect in Ontario: Incidence and Characteristics
The Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (OIS) is the first Canadian study to provide detailed data on the incidence of reported child maltreatment and the characteristics of the children and families investigated by Canadian child...
Child and Family Service Standards in First Nations: An Action Research Project
Decentralized, community-based child and family services have been provided by First Nations agencies since the mid-1980s. Attention has recently been focused on the development of culturally specific standards of practice that can become the basis for...
Child Poverty, Campaign 2000, and Child Welfare Practice: Working to End Child Poverty in Canada
Canada's response to child poverty--one of our most disgraceful and pressing social problems--has been contradictory. Six years ago, the Canadian House of Commons unanimously resolved "to seek to achieve the goal of eliminating poverty among Canadian...
Children and the Case for Distributive Justice between Generations in Canada
Canada is at a crossroad today in shaping its social security policy for entry into the twenty-first century. The government in Ottawa has called for a review of Canada's social programs, which have served us well for almost 50 years. The prevailing...
Cutting the Deficits in Child Welfare
Government has recently been paying relatively little attention to the income and time deficits that face many Canadian families and has instead focused primarily upon reducing the fiscal deficit. This article discusses the range of policies and programs...
Four Decades of Literature on Native Canadian Child Welfare: Changing Themes
Native* Canadian concerns were largely ignored by child welfare academics and the literature was sparse until the issues became high profile in the late 1970s. Much of the early data flowed from government-funded studies. Constitutional talks between...
Homeless Youths and the Child Welfare System: Implications for Policy and Service
The term child welfare, like the term child abuse, stands as something of a misnomer. Although adolescents are legally "children" under the law and under various acts of legislation, they are distinguished by their developmental milestones and own particular...
Housing as a Factor in Admissions of Children to Temporary Care: A Survey
The Children's Aid Society of Metropolitan Toronto (CAS) is responsible for the protection of children under the age of 16 in Metropolitan Toronto within the mandate of Ontario's Child and Family Services Act. The Society also provides substitute care...
How Children in Care View Their Own and Their Foster Families: A Research Study
During the 1980s, a major philosophical shift to calling for the use of "least intrusive measures" took place in the shaping of child welfare legislation in Canada. This shift has affected the provision of services both positively and negatively. Positive...
Improving the Life Prospects of Children: A Community Systems Approach
The Community Systems initiative, a unique collaboration in the province of Ontario, is premised upon the view that all young people are potentially at risk of diminished life quality and opportunity unless we find new and increasingly effective ways...
Local Governance of Child Welfare Services in Alberta
During the period since the first child welfare legislation for the province of Alberta was enacted, the choice of a model for governing child welfare services has been a focus for debate. Those who developed the service delivery system were influenced...
Mediating Child Protection Cases
The provision of child protection services to families in Ontario has changed dramatically in the past decade. The passage of the Child and Family Services Act in 1984 led to increasingly technical litigation of these cases in the courts. Child protection...
Mediation in Child Protection: Facilitating the Resolution of Disputes
Disputes between families and the system designed to provide protection and services to children are common occurrences. The province of Nova Scotia undertook to design a mediation program, train mediators, and prepare child protective service agencies...
Miles to Go ... the Policy Context of Child Care in Canada
This article examines Canadian child care and child care policy in light of four goals: alleviating poverty, fostering equality for women, providing early education and child development services, and promoting economic well-being. Examples show the...
Missing Persons: Women in Child Welfare
This article examines the presence, visibility, and influence of women in the child welfare system, as clients, workers, and decision makers, and explores impediments to the reconceptualization of child welfare as a women's issue. Four directions for...
My Cheque and My Children: The Long Road to Empowerment in Child Welfare
One thing I never knew--that there was a difference between a financial worker and a social worker. I thought they were both the same thing. I didn't know that when I went into the welfare office there was another office next door, with social workers....
The Destruction of Foster Care Files in Quebec: The Co-Opting of a Profession
In 1984, a policy went into effect in the province of Quebec that led in the mid- to late eighties to the widespread destruction of client files in social service centres across the province. Among the files being destroyed are those concerning family...
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