Journal of American Culture (Malden, MA)

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring

Against the Tide: Women Reformers in American Society
Against the Tide: Women Reformers in American Society. Paul A. Cimbala and Randall M. Miller, eds. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997. Against the Tide: Women Reformers in American Society is actually a shorter, paperback version of American Reform and Reformers:...
alt.Culture: An A-to-Z Guide to the '90S-under-Ground "On-Line, and Over-the-Counter."
alt.Culture: An A-to-Z Guide to the '90s-Underground "on-line, and over-the-counter" Steven Daley and Nathaniel Wice. New York: Harper Perennial, 1995. 300 pp. alt. culture, the authors point on the very first page, "is one of the first non-computer...
A Measure of Memory: Storytelling and Identity in American Jewish Fiction
A Measure of Memory: Storytelling and Identity in American Jewish Fiction. Victoria Aarons. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1996. Notes, Bib., Index. $35.00. The dilemma of how memories are passed from generation to generation is a fascinating...
American Women Historian, 1700s-1990s
American Women Historians, 1700s-1990s. Jennifer Scanlon and Shaaron Cosner. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996. Jennifer Scanlon, Women's Studies Director at SUNY Plattsburgh, and Shaaron Cosner, a writer and high school teacher from Arizona, have...
Art and the Higher Life: Painting and Evolutionary Thought in Late Nineteenth-Century America
Art and the Higher Life: Painting and Evolutionary Thought in Late Nineteenth-Century America. Kathleen Pyne. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1996. $50.00 cloth. Today the word "evolution" is bound to the legacy of Charles Darwin. It evokes Clarence...
Art Carney: A Biography
Art Carney: A Biography. Michael Seth Starr. New York: Fromm International Publishing, 1997. When most Americans think of Art Carney, they remember him for his role as Ed Norton in the classic 1950s comedy series, The Honeymooners. While this role earned...
A Visit with Harlan Hubbard
A Visit with Harlan Hubbard. Wade Hall. Lexington: University of Kentucky Libraries, 1996. Artist, writer, and back-to-nature philosopher and practitioner Harlan Hubbard (1900-1988) grew up in Bellevue, a small Kentucky town across the Ohio River from...
Beyond the Mafia: Italian Americans and the Development of Las Vegas
Beyond the Mafia: Italian Americans and the Development of Las Vegas. Alan Balboni. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 1996. $27.95 cloth. In the wake of such published and filmed blockbusters of modified history as Bugsy and Nicholas Pileggi's Casino...
Big Trouble
Big Trouble. J. Anthony Lukas. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997. Interested in murder? Political conspiracies? Social revolutionaries? Government repression? High powered political and legal personalities? Secret agents and double agents? Potential...
Covers of the Saturday Evening Post: Seventy Years of Outstanding Illustration from America's Favorite Magazine
Covers of the Saturday Evening Post: Seventy Years of Outstanding Illustration from America's Favorite Magazine. New York: Viking Studio Books, 1995. 298 pp. $60.00. ISBN 0-670-84962-6. Each made to serve for a week, the covers of the Saturday Evening...
Cultural Conservatism, Political Liberalism: From Criticism to Cultural Studies
Cultural Conservatism, Political Liberalism: From Criticism to Cultural Studies. James Seaton. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996. This well-wrought well-researched book tackles one of the major academic battles of our times: the culture wars....
Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture
Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture. S. Elizabeth Bird, ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996. S. Elizabeth Bird has edited a wonderful collection of essays in Dressing in Feathers. This well-illustrated and...
Faulkner, Hemingway, et Al.: The Emersonian Test of American Authorship
It is impossible to be a great Southern writer and a great American one, too; for the very essence of America is a natural, victorious hypervisuality which has superseded the hyperverbal pathology and failure of the South. Here, Faulkner may be a greater...
From Virute to Character: American Childhood, 1775-1850
From Virtue to Character: American Childhood, 1775-1850. Jacqueline S. Reiner. New York: Twayne, 1996. 258 pp. $26.95 cloth. The history of childhood in America is really the history of America itself, for it embraces key issues of ongoing concern: education...
Green Culture: Environmental Rhetoric in Contemporary America
Green Culture: Environmental Rhetoric in Contemporary America. Carl G. Herndl and Stuart C. Brown, eds. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996. From national environmental policies to campuswide recycling programs, the "greening" of America...
Icons of American Protestantism: The Art of Warner Sallman
Icons of American Protestantism: The Art of Warner Sallman. David Morgan, ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996. 248 pp. "Whom say you that I am?" Jesus asked his disciples. We have been asking the question ever since. Millions of Americans have...
John Wayne's America: The Politics of Celebrity
John Wayne's America: The Politics of Celebrity. Garry Wills. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997. More than any other Hollywood icon, John Wayne continues to resonate in the American psyche. As recently as 1995, Garry Wills notes in John Wayne's America,...
Killing the White Man's Indian: Reinventing Native Americans at the End of the Twentieth Century
Killing the White Man's Indian: Reinventing Native Americans at the End of the Twentieth Century. Fergus Bordewich. New York: Doubleday, 1996. Killing the White Man's Indian is a powerful book that takes readers well beyond the long-held myths, what...
Love's Madness: Medicine, the Novel, and Female Insanity 1800-1865
Love's Madness: Medicine, the Novel, and Female Insanity 1800-1865. Helen Small. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. In this excellent study, Helen Small traces the literary convention of women who go mad after the loss of their lovers. She concentrates on...
Main Street Revisited: Time, Space, and Image Building in Small-Town America
Main Street Revisited: Time, Space, and Image Building in Small-Town America. Richard V. Francaviglia. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press, 1996. In Main Street Revisited, Richard Francaviglia examines one of America's most cherished images through...
Making Room: The Economics of Homelessness
Making Room: The Economics of Homelessness. Brendan O'Flaherty. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996. $39.95 cloth. ISBN 0-6745432-4. Over the past fifteen years, homelessness has become a central topic in popular discourses concerning politics,...
Outsiders in 19th-Century Press History: Multicultural Perspectives
Outsiders in l9th-Century Press History: Multicultural Perspectives. Frankie Hutton and Barbara Straus Reed, eds. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1995. $35.00 cloth, $19.95 paper. As editors, Frankie Hutton and Barbara...
Pulp Art: Original Cover Paintings for the Great American Pulp Magazines
Pulp Art: Original Cover Paintings for the Great American Pulp Magazines. Robert Lesser. New York: Grammercy Books, 1997. Finally, fans of pulp magazines have another attractive collection of cover images to drool over. Unlike The Pulps, edited by Tony...
Shades of Freedom: Racial Politics and Presumptions of the American Legal Process
Shades of Freedom: Racial Politics and Presumptions of the American Legal Process. A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., New York: Oxford UP, 1996. In the late 1970s, renowned legal scholar, A. Leon Higginbotham completed In the Matter of Color, the first book...
Stars in Blue: Movie Actors in American's Sea Services
Stars in Blue: Movie Actors in America's Sea Services. James E. Wise, Jr., and Anne Collier Rehill. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1997. When motion picture stars who served their country during wartime are mentioned, many people inevitably think...
Supralegal Justice: Are Real Juries Acting like Fictional Detectives?
We scarcely bat an eye when heroes of mystery and detective tales engage in illegalities for a greater good-roughly identifiable as "justice." Richard Schickel, commenting on the issue of vigilantism in Clint Eastwood's Dirty Harry movies, reminds us...
The Anatomy of Prejudices
The Anatomy of Prejudices. Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Cambridge: Harvard UP 1996. To remedy the conceptual and methodological problems that have beset studies of prejudice, Elisabeth Young-Bruehl analyzes the historical progression of psychological and...
The Archaeology of the Donner Party
The Archaeology of the Donner Party. Donald L. Hardesty, with contributions by Michael Brodhead, Donald K. Grayson, Susan Lindstrom, and George L. Miller. Reno and Las Vegas: University of Nevada Press, Wilbur S. Shepperson Series in History and the...
The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America
The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America. Paul N. Edwards. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996. xx, 440 pp. $40.00 cloth. Paul Edwards undertakes a very daunting task in this work. He attempts to explore American twentiethcentury...
The Comedy of Democracy
The Comedy of Democracy. James E. Combs and Dan Nimmo. Westport: Praeger, 1996. 204 pp. This is the central thesis of this pungent, witty book: politics, like life, is too important a thing to take seriously. Our dauntless duo of Combs and Nimmo follow...
The Lively Arts: Gilbert Seldes and the Transformation of Cultural Criticism in the United States
The Lively Arts: Gilbert Seldes and the Transformation of Cultural Criticism in the United States. Michael. Kammen. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.496 pp. This is a major book about a major, but long neglected, American pioneer critic, who played...
The Monster in the Home: True Crime and the Traffic in Body Parts
In the language of the man on the street, he was a monster. He would always be a monster.1 Here fiction and fact are both fantasy. Here the Police Gazette meets the National Enquirer and neither can any longer be trusted.2 The genre of "True Crime" is...
The Riddles of Individualism and Community in American and Dutch Society
Introduction In his three-volume work The Rise of the Dutch Republic, first published in 1855, the American historian John Lothrop Motley compared the Dutch struggle for independence from the Spanish Habsburgers during the Eighty-Years War (1568-1648)...
The Romantic Collector in China: Nathan Dunn's Ten Thousand Chinese Things
In 1795, A.E. van Braam Houckgeest, a former Dutch consul in the American South, journeyed from Canton to Peking as a part of a European Embassy to the Qing Court (Loehr 181). Conveyed in a sedan chair shouldered by coolies, Houckgeest had plenty of...
Virtual Archaeology: Re-Creating Ancient Worlds
Virtual Archaeology: Re-creating Ancient Worlds. Maurizio Forte and Alberto Siliotti, eds. London: Thames and Hudson, 1997; New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1997. This handsome and impressive volume is Judith Toms's British English translation of an Italian...
What Trouble I Have Seen: A History of Violence against Wives
What Trouble I Have Seen: A History of Violence Against Wives. David Peterson Del Mar. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996. $39.95 cloth. What Trouble I Have Seen by David Peterson Del Mar weaves together an extraordinary mix of contradictory threads...
White Widow
White Widow. Jim Lehrer. New York: Random House. 1997. Jim Lehrer will be familiar to most in PCA/ACA, if not as an author, at least as half of the old McNeillLehrer Report. His comic detective stories, featuring a one-eyed lieutenant governor of Oklahoma...
Women of the Far Right. the Mothers' Movement and World War II
Women of the Far Right. The Mothers ' Movement and World War II. Glen Jeansonne. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1996. Scholars of collective action and social movements have long been aware of two lacunae in the literature: the participation of...
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