Attention, Perception and Psychophysics

Attention, Perception and Psychophysics is a journal covering sensory processes, perception, and psychophysics. Since it was founded in 1966 it is printed eight times a year in January, February, April, May, July, August, October, and November. The journal is published by Psychonomic Society.Subjects in Attention, Perception and Psychophysics include: Psychology and Psychiatry.

Articles from Vol. 71, No. 6, August

Are Spatial Selection and Identity Extraction Separable When Attention Is Controlled Endogenously?
Visual search for a target involves two processes: spatial selection and identity extraction. Ghorashi, Enns, and Di Lollo (2008) found these processes to be independent and surmised that they were carried out along distinct visual pathways: dorsal and...
A Task-Difficulty Artifact in Subliminal Priming
Subliminal priming is said to occur when a subliminal prime influences the classification of a subsequent target. Most subliminal-priming claims are based on separate target- and prime-classification tasks. Because primes are intended to be subliminal,...
Calculating Salience
VISUAL SALIENCEBruce & Tsotsos (2009). Saliency, attention, and visual search. J Vis, 9(3), Art. 5.When looking at a scene, where should attention be directed next? This question has been the source of an ever-rising stream of empirical and theoretical...
Categorization Reduces the Effect of Context on Hedonic Preference
When moderately hedonically positive test stimuli are presented following better-liked context stimuli, preferences between the test stimuli are reduced. This reduction in preference, hedonic condensation, occurs in settings that also produce negative...
Criterial Noise Effects on Rule-Based Category Learning: The Impact of Delayed Feedback
Variability in the representation of the decision criterion is assumed in many category-learning models, yet few studies have directly examined its impact. On each trial, criterial noise should result in drift in the criterion and will negatively impact...
Dimension-Specific Control of Visual Attention
ATTENTIONAL CONTROLMüller et al. (2009). Attentional capture by salient color singleton distractors is modulated by top-down dimensional set. JEP:HPP, 35, 1.One of the most heated debates in the study of visual attention over the past decade has concerned...
Effects of Intelligibility on Working Memory Demand for Speech Perception
Understanding low-intelligibility speech is effortful. In three experiments, we examined the effects of intelligibility on working memory (WM) demands imposed by perception of synthetic speech. In all three experiments, a primary speeded word recognition...
Enhanced Production and Perception of Musical Pitch in Tone Language Speakers
Individuals differ markedly with respect to how well they can imitate pitch through singing and in their ability to perceive pitch differences. We explored whether the use of pitch in one's native language can account for some of the differences in these...
Estimating the Difference Limen in 2AFC Tasks: Pitfalls and Improved Estimators
Discrimination performance is often assessed by measuring the difference limen (DL; or just noticeable difference) in a two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) task. Here, we show that the DL estimated from 2AFC percentage-correct data is likely to systematically...
Evaluation of an Imputed Pitch Velocity Model of the Auditory Tau Effect
This article extends an imputed pitch velocity model of the auditory kappa effect proposed by Henry and McAuley (2009a) to the auditory tau effect. Two experiments were conducted using an AXB design in which listeners judged the relative pitch of a middle...
Faces in the Crowd
VISUAL IDENTIFICATIONFarzin et al. (2009). Holistic crowding of Mooney faces. J Vis, 9(6), Art. 18.It is much harder to identify a letter in the peripheral visual field if the letter is surrounded by other letters than if it occurs alone. This effect...
Inhibitory Tagging in an Interrupted Visual Search
Inhibition of return facilitates visual search, biasing attention away from previously examined locations. Prior research has shown that, as a result of inhibitory tags associated with rejected distractor items, observers are slower to detect small probes...
Perceptual Learning for Speech
Adult language users have an enormous amount of experience with speech in their native language. As a result, they have very well-developed processes for categorizing the sounds of speech that they hear. Despite this very high level of experience, recent...
Perceptual Slant Induced through Optical Contact
Stimuli simulating a corridor with a pole inside it were presented. The positions of the ends of the pole within the ceiling and ground of the corridor were the optical contacts of concern. The main hypothesis was that a difference between the simulated...
Predominance of Ground over Ceiling Surfaces in Binocular Rivalry
The superiority of ground surfaces over ceiling surfaces in determining the representation of the visual world, demonstrated in several studies of visual perception and visual search, has been attributed to a preference for top-away projections resulting...
Revisiting the Effect of Quality of Graphics on Distance Judgments in Virtual Environments: A Comparison of Verbal Reports and Blind Walking
In immersive virtual environments, judgments of perceived egocentric distance are significantly underestimated, as compared with accurate performance in the real world. Two experiments assessed the influence of graphics quality on two distinct estimates...
Saccades Reveal That Allocentric Coding of the Moving Object Causes Mislocalization in the Flash-Lag Effect
The flash-lag effect is a visual misperception of a position of a flash relative to that of a moving object: Even when both are at the same position, the flash is reported to lag behind the moving object. In the present study, the flash-lag effect was...
Saliency on a Natural Scene Background: Effects of Color and Luminance Contrast Add Linearly
In natural vision, shifts in spatial attention are associated with shifts of gaze. Computational models of such overt attention typically use the concept of a saliency map: Normalized maps of center-surround differences are computed for individual stimulus...
Scene Categorization and Attention
ATTENTIONAL CAPTUREPeelen et al. (2009). Neural mechanisms of rapid natural scene categorization in human visual cortex. Nature, 460, 94.An ongoing issue in attentional control is whether attention can be captured by irrelevant stimuli. Such bottom-up...
Spatial Asymmetries in Viewing and Remembering Scenes: Consequences of an Attentional Bias?
Given a single fixation, memory for scenes containing salient objects near both the left and right view boundaries exhibited a rightward bias in boundary extension (Experiment 1). On each trial, a 500-msec picture and 2.5.sec mask were followed by a...
The Anderson-Winawer Illusion: It's Not Occlusion
In their recent article, Anderson and Winawer (2005) presented a dramatic lightness illusion in which identical texture patches appear to be either black or white. Albert (2007) argued that the Anderson and Winawer (2005) illusion can be explained by...
The Auditory Redundant Signals Effect: An Influence of Number of Stimuli or Number of Percepts?
In two experiments, we examined simple reaction times (RTs) for detection of the onsets and offsets of auditory stimuli. Both experiments assessed the redundant signals effect (RSE), which is traditionally defined as the reduction in RT associated with...
The Representation of Moving 3-D Objects in Apparent Motion Perception
In the present research, we investigated the depth information contained in the representations of apparently moving 3-D objects. By conducting three experiments, we measured the magnitude of representational momentum (RM) as an index of the consistency...
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