The New Presence: The Prague Journal of Central European Affairs

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer

1991 the Acquired Rights of Kosovo
FOLLOWING THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S BACKING OF A CORRESPONDING REQUEST FROM SERBIA, THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE IN THE HAGUE IS NOW SET TO DEAL WITH THE QUESTION, ON WHICH EXPERT OPINION IS DIVIDED, WHETHER THE UNILATERAL SECESSION OF KOSOVO...
Centering the Cultural Dialogue: An Interview
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] SIXTEEN YEARS AFTER THE FALL OF COMMUNISM, THE CZECH REPUBLIC JOINED THE EUROPEAN UNION; NOW, FIVE YEARS AFTER EU EXPANSION, THE FORMER SOVIET STATE HAS JUST COMPLETED ITS FIRST RUN AT THE HELM OF THE 27-MEMBER ORGANIZATION....
Communist (Successor) Parties in Central Europe: The Varying Roles That Modern Communist Parties Play in the Czech Republic and Central and Eastern Europe
The TV Broadcast of "The H-Trial" On 27 June, the Czech public commemorated the 59th anniversary of the death of Dr. Milada Horakova, a pro-democratic Czech politician who was executed by the nascent Communist government on trumped up charges of...
Czech and Global Events from the Third Quarter of 2009
* 4. 6. The US and Cairo US President Barack Obama addresses the Muslim world in a highly anticipated speech in Cairo, Egypt. The speech marks the new administration's attempt to patch up relations between the US and Islam. * 11. 6. World Health...
Czech Life Support Misery to End: An Assessment of the Czechs' EU Presidency
Some European Union presidencies fade quickly from the memory. It is safe to say that the Czech Republic's presidency, ending on June 30, will not be forgotten for quite some time. One thinks of the art display erected in January at the EU's headquarters...
Czechs Don't Want Democracy
In his book Respublica Bojema written in 1643, M. Pavel Stransky (probably no relation) wrote: "The Czech nation is both handicapped by faults and supported by positive traits." As a result of the its history and location in the heart of Europe, the...
Dancing out of Communism: While Czech Modern Dance Has Grown (with the Help of Western Influence) into a Dynamic Field Twenty Years after the Fall of Communism, Its Contemporary Goal Should Be to Find Its Own Unique Voice, and for That Matter, Uniquely Czech Voice
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Since the Velvet Revolution, Czech dance has become unusually dynamic as an artistic discipline. While the communist regime supported ballet and folk dance, the official authorities did not encourage the development of modern...
Dual Dimensions of Democratic Development: The Speed with Which Institutional Modernization Set Former Soviet States on a Path towards Democracy as Well as "To Europe" Was Historically Unprecedented
Evaluating the state of liberal democracy in the Czech Republic twenty years after the fall of communism is relative to whether one focuses on institutional or cultural development. Furthermore, the term liberal democracy itself is rather complex....
Economic Transformation in the Czech Republic: A Relatively Painless Experience: Is the Czech Republic, Twenty Years after Having Discarded Central Planning, a Normal Developed Country with a Fully Working Market Economy, Just as for Instance Neighbouring Austria? in Some Aspects Yes, in Others No, Say the Country's Three Leading Economists
"Traditional things such as inflation, currency or the stock exchange are indeed now okay, and the same goes for the labour market or public finance because a state budget deficit of hundred and seventy billion crowns isn't anything tragic," says Pavel...
Editor's Notes
The overriding and perhaps overwhelming theme of this issue marks the twentieth anniversary since the fall of the Soviet empire. You'll find, however, that our emphasis lies not on the fall itself, but on the period thereafter. As of this year, the...
Family Happiness: Artists Respond to an Anti-Family Public Policy: Art as Social Commentary: A Review of the Multi-Media Exhibition Family Happiness Which Sought to Create Greater Public Awareness on the Czech and Slovak Policy of Forcibly Removing Roma Children from Their Families and Homes
Discussions regarding the integration of Roma into mainstream society in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and then in a larger sense, their integration into the European Union, has been a political powder keg. Head of the EU Delegation to Slovakia,...
From Socialism to Socialism: The Emergence of Liberal Socialism in Continental Europe
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A defining feature of the twentieth century was the struggle between capitalism and socialism. The fight against capitalism was waged by three major types of socialist doctrine: fascism, national-socialism, and communism....
Geopolitics of Central and Eastern Europe since 1989
Over the past twenty years, the Czech Republic has held little geopolitical significance. The same is not true, however, for Central and Eastern Europe (C&EE) in general, which has maintained its geopolitically significant role. Any study of modern...
How Free Is Free Speech? Free Speech Appears to Be a Unifying Principle, but Often the Devil Is in the Details-The Actual Cases and Controversies Which Challenge Us
Free speech has become a platitude. Like human rights and democracy, we're all in favor of it, but would rather not address the tough calls where core values collide. However, it's those tough cases, like media competition regulation, campaign finance...
In Search of Ukraine's Identity: The Geopolitical Condundrum of a Country Lodged between East and West
As most of the former Soviet countries which broke free from the Kremlin's rule in the early nineties, Ukraine is still trying to identify and establish its new geopolitical role as well as bolster relations with its Eastern and Western neighbors....
Lessons from Japan: An Interview with Economist Charles Horioka: Charles Horioka Is a Behavioral Economist at the Institute of Social and Economic Research at Osaka University, a Leading Institute on Behavioral Economics, or the Study of Economics as It Relates to Various Aspects of Human Behavior
What are your general thoughts on the current crisis? I agree with the standard interpretation that high-risk mortgages and new financial derivatives within the US created the initial impetus for the crisis. And while it is difficult to blame one...
The Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe: The Contemporary Extreme Right Opportunistically Appeals-Just like the Fascists and Nazis of the Past-To Various Groups with Diverging Interests and Values
Extreme right-wing parties have reemerged on the European political landscape. Since the nineties, their rhetoric has rang through parliamentary debates, presidential elections, and even during executive meetings of some European governments. Extremist...
The Political Psychology of the Czech Nation: While the Czech Republic Has the Necessary Democratic "Hardware" Installed (Democratic Institutions), We Are Still Struggling to Install the Right "Software" (Social Capital, Democratic Mentality, and Civic Society)
A little less than a century ago, the first president of Czechoslovakia, Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, expressed that two generations or sixty years would pass before the newly-constitued democratic state of Czechoslovakia saw real democracy. Does the same...
The Wall Isn't Falling: Historical Parallels Don't Work in Iran
Whenever we see the kinds of images that have been coming out of Iran over the past two weeks, we tend to think back to 1989 and Eastern Europe. That time, when people took to the streets and challenged their governments, those seemingly stable regimes...
Unearthing Czech Religiousity: ... Where the Spirit of the Lord Is There Is Freedom
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Extensive research is necessary in order to guage the degree that religion and religiousness is present in any given society. Religious studies is, however, a poor discipline; it currently lacks the means to tackle extensive...
Waking the Public Sphere: Czech Politics and Media Are Caught in a Sensationalist Cycle That Undermines Democracy
Irresponsibility is common in children and teenagers. In fact, the very concept of maturity is tied directly to the ideas of age, growth and change. A story about a high school student throwing a party when their parents are away on vacation is funny,...
What's in a Name? Identity Politics in "Czechia": The Challenge of Identity Politics: How Can a Nation Define Itself If Its State Lacks a Concrete Geographical Name or Geopolitical Identity?
The Czech Republic's name contributes to creating distorted and confused perceptions of Czech people and their culture from abroad. Media Distortion of Identity Before we begin, the following discussion necessitates that we first differentiate between...
Work: A Modern Crisis
Human life is full of crisis whether individual or social. In simplistic terms, a crisis is a decisive or significant moment (e.g., an illness). In literature or in a dramatic work, a crisis represents a plot's climax, the peak in conflict which significantly...